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Monarchy
Never
Never
Nothing to Lose
Nothing to Lose
Oppression
Oppression
Reality
Reality
Suffering
Suffering
The State
The State
Understanding
Understanding
Fight
Fight
All The
All The
Been
Been
hidden
hidden
how
how
eve
eve
nestle
nestle
her
her
foundation
foundation
working
working
rest
rest
torn
torn
step
step
chemistry
chemistry
war
war
local
local
class
class
slavery
slavery
elements
elements
satisfaction
satisfaction
sway
sway
who
who
character
character
domain
domain
gone
gone
mass
mass
aim
aim
him
him
towns
towns
can
can
extreme
extreme
german
german
raw
raw
republic
republic
discovery
discovery
rms
rms
one
one
rance
rance
hole
hole
law
law
tax
tax
down
down
force
force
cos
cos
following
following
weapons
weapons
account
account
middle ages
middle ages
may
may
man
man
open
open
name
name
continents
continents
means
means
market
market
bound
bound
march
march
model
model
will
will
names
names
cape
cape
own
own
speak
speak
consumption
consumption
all
all
first
first
exchange
exchange
inter
inter
mode
mode
the world
the world
agriculture
agriculture
make
make
they
they
public
public
slave
slave
moment
moment
words
words
new
new
impulse
impulse
application
application
modern
modern
real
real
system
system
now
now
development
development
society
society
series
series
the cape
the cape
general
general
cite
cite
note
note
action
action
what
what
quarter
quarter
intercourse
intercourse
order
order
for
for
hostile
hostile
free trade
free trade
desire
desire
calling
calling
social
social
association
association
east
east
products
products
win
win
bourgeois
bourgeois
camps
camps
the community
the community
estate
estate
history of
history of
strength
strength
industrial
industrial
how to make
how to make
systems
systems
massive
massive
intellectual
intellectual
initial
initial
minus
minus
lords
lords
fed
fed
regime
regime
lose
lose
cation
cation
european
european
civil
civil
product
product
economic
economic
use
use
engels
engels
aristocracy
aristocracy
chapter
chapter
civilisation
civilisation
more
more
the globe
the globe
popular
popular
feels
feels
this
this
the best
the best
of course
of course
seriously
seriously
political
political
hey
hey
done
done
great
great
like
like
country
country
everywhere
everywhere
this is
this is
greatest
greatest
nothing
nothing
well
well
find
find
such
such
background
background
ridiculous
ridiculous
different
different
eyes
eyes
turn
turn
immediately
immediately
continue
continue
disdain
disdain
hand
hand
just
just
cash
cash
exclusive
exclusive
then
then
indignation
indignation
possible
possible
because
because
incompetent
incompetent
end
end
together
together
victory
victory
productive
productive
motley
motley
foul
foul
fer
fer
went
went
each other
each other
peasants
peasants
away
away
seen
seen
drawn
drawn
practically
practically
pretend
pretend
on the other hand
on the other hand
carrying
carrying
existed
existed
as well
as well
seducing
seducing
applies
applies
adequate
adequate
pretty
pretty
proletariat
proletariat
callous
callous
attention
attention
bombastic
bombastic
typical
typical
same
same
existence
existence
pleasure
pleasure
their
their
caring
caring
ever
ever
however
however
represent
represent
ill
ill
mere
mere
idyllic
idyllic
philistine
philistine
sink
sink
heavenly
heavenly
population
population
assure
assure
thus
thus
hitherto
hitherto
conscious
conscious
phrase
phrase
appeal
appeal
hence
hence
proportion
proportion
tendency
tendency
riding
riding
essential
essential
benefit
benefit
extensive
extensive
based
based
practical
practical
hig
hig
impartial
impartial
rebels
rebels
were
were
rather
rather
ration
ration
line
line
resolute
resolute
reactionary
reactionary
there
there
colossal
colossal
exclusively
exclusively
contrary
contrary
charity
charity
critical
critical
too
too
theoretically
theoretically
distant
distant
century
century
serfs
serfs
whose
whose
state
state
comrades
comrades
supremacy
supremacy
through
through
abolition
abolition
almost
 almost
edition
 edition
no
 no
called
 called
see
 see
hands
 hands
need
 need
know
 know
left
 left
want
 want
place
 place
yet
 yet
instead
 instead
views
 views
others
 others
of america
 of america
exp
 exp
two
 two
wives
 wives
heavy
 heavy
large
 large
certain
 certain
already
 already
make up
 make up
zoom in
 zoom in
spirits
 spirits
the east
 the east
its real
 its real
landlord
 landlord
creations
 creations
oppressed
 oppressed
the point
 the point
naturally
 naturally
literature
 literature
competition
 competition
prostitutes
 prostitutes
the landlord
 the landlord
exploitation
 exploitation
hand in hand
 hand in hand
in other words
 in other words
italy and germany
 italy and germany
out
out
over
over
point
point
natural
natural
protective
protective
self
self
Movement
Movement
Step In
Step In
Ultimate
Ultimate
And
And
The Moment
The Moment
Other
Other
Stage
Stage
Here
Here
Disappear
Disappear
Prevention
Prevention
Speech
Speech
The Greatest
The Greatest
Wish
Wish
Is The Same
Is The Same
Raging
Raging
Last Word
Last Word
The Ultimate
The Ultimate
When
When
Number
Number
Religious
Religious
That
That
Credit
Credit
The Means Of Production
The Means Of Production
But
But
Not
Not
Last
Last
Where
Where
Writers
Writers
Satisfied
Satisfied
Daughters
Daughters
Independent
Independent
First Of All
First Of All
Communist Party
Communist Party
The
The
The First
The First
Earliest
Earliest
Not The
Not The
Revolutionary
Revolutionary
So Many
So Many
Electric
Electric
Long
Long
One Word
One Word
Member
Member
Trade
Trade
From
From
The One
The One
Corner
Corner
Plans
Plans
Rights
Rights
Its
Its
Part
Part
Status
Status
Every
Every
Take
Take
Owners
Owners
Many
Many
Has Been
Has Been
Feed Him
Feed Him
Kind
Kind
The Old Ones
The Old Ones
World Market
World Market
Old Ones
Old Ones
That Is All
That Is All
Brea
Brea
Summed Up
Summed Up
Means Of Production
Means Of Production
Few
Few
Ends
Ends
Individual
Individual
Necessarily
Necessarily
Cannot
Cannot
Very
Very
Ties
Ties
Land
Land
These
These
Without
Without
National
National
Burst
Burst
Request
Request
Globe
Globe
After
After
Feed
Feed
The Last Word
The Last Word
Results
Results
Whe
Whe
Ment
Ment
At Least
At Least
Had To
Had To
Forward
Forward
Belong
Belong
Labour
Labour
Countries
Countries
Was
Was
With
With
Half
Half
The Discovery
The Discovery
Advanced
Advanced
Let
Let
Middle
Middle
Our
Our
Rule
Rule
Are
Are
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Drowned
Have
Have
Material
Material
Figure
Figure
Nation
Nation
Going
Going
Restoration
Restoration
Rising
Rising
Form
Form
Philosophie
Philosophie
Neve
Neve
Continued
Continued
The Means
The Means
Had
Had
Replaced
Replaced
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Do Not
Also
Also
Put
Put
Absolute
Absolute
Gave
Gave
Modern Society
Modern Society
Nascent
Nascent
Exist
Exist
Which
Which
Only
Only
Advance
Advance
Chains
Chains
Does
Does
Commerce
Commerce
View
View
Between
Between
Advantage
Advantage
The Standard
The Standard
Recognition
Recognition
Standard
Standard
Complete
Complete
Pre
Pre
Temperance
Temperance
Interpretation
Interpretation
Property
Property
Has
Has
Length
Length
Immediate
Immediate
Before
Before
Instruments
Instruments
Meant
Meant
Being
Being
Most
Most
Industry
Industry
Representative
Representative
Against
Against
Begin
Begin
Class A
Class A
Class In
Class In
Far
Far
Must
Must
Point Of View
Point Of View
Position
Position
Resto
Resto
The Great
The Great
Within
Within
Matters
Matters
Direction
Direction
Be Different
Be Different
Settle
Settle
Improve
Improve
Struggles
Struggles
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Conquered
Economists
Economists
Wants
Wants
Cruelty
Cruelty
Than
Than
Wage
Wage
Generations
Generations
Selling
Selling
Themselves
Themselves
Revolutions
Revolutions
Overthrow
Overthrow
Letting
Letting
Self Sufficiency
Self Sufficiency
Utopian
Utopian
Become
Become
Ruling
Ruling
Given
Given
Workers
Workers
Meanness
Meanness
Known
Known
Along
Along
Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Even
Even
His
His
Commodities
Commodities
Introduce
Introduce
Clearly
Clearly
Masses
Masses
Grows
Grows
Round
Round
Carry
Carry
So Called
So Called
Pushes
Pushes
Above
Above
Classes
Classes
Lending
Lending
Course
Course
Payment
Payment
Dependence
Dependence
Societies
Societies
Secure
Secure
Forces
Forces
Armed
Armed
It Was
It Was
Marriage Is
Marriage Is
Having
Having
Consider
Consider
Aristo
Aristo
Asunder
Asunder
Commune
Commune
Conceal
Conceal
Conception
Conception
Earlier
Earlier
East Indian
East Indian
Established
Established
Graduated
Graduated
Less
Less
Sweeps
Sweeps
The Same
The Same
To The Point
To The Point
A Long
A Long
Advantages
Advantages
After The
After The
Already Seen
Already Seen
And More
And More
Be The Best
Be The Best
Because It Is
Because It Is
Built
Built
But The
But The
Class Struggle
Class Struggle
Colonies
Colonies
Communistic
Communistic
Compatible
Compatible
Concentrated
Concentrated
Conditions
Conditions
Duties
Duties
Entirely
Entirely
Exa
Exa
Exceptions
Exceptions
Few Exceptions
Few Exceptions
For The
For The
Generated
Generated
German Workers
German Workers
Have A
Have A
In Germany
In Germany
In Reality
In Reality
In The
In The
Increases
Increases
Instead Of
Instead Of
Into
Into
Is A
Is A
It Is
It Is
Landed
Landed
Lap
Lap
Longer
Longer
Mass Of
Mass Of
Modes Of Production
Modes Of Production
New Classes
New Classes
No Need To
No Need To
Non
Non
Not Done
Not Done
Not Here
Not Here
One Hand
One Hand
Opened
Opened
Out Of
Out Of
Ranks Of
Ranks Of
First Of
First Of
Written
Written
To Do
To Do
A Certain
A Certain
Adapted
Adapted
Along With
Along With
An End
An End
Antagonism
Antagonism
Applicable
Applicable
Approaching
Approaching
Ages
Ages
Beetroot
Beetroot
Organisation
Organisation
Rical
Rical
Similar
Similar
Sufficiency
Sufficiency
As A Whole
As A Whole
As Well As
As Well As
Assured
Assured
At Home
At Home
At Large
At Large
Augmentation
Augmentation
Belong To
Belong To
Brutally
Brutally
By Force
By Force
Carry Out
Carry Out
Chiefly
Chiefly
Circulate
Circulate
Clearing
Clearing
Clerical
Clerical
Colonisation
Colonisation
Common Property
Common Property
Condition
Condition
Constantly
Constantly
Corresponding
Corresponding
Cultivated
Cultivated
Cultivation
Cultivation
Declare
Declare
Declining
Declining
Desirous
Desirous
Develop
Develop
Developed
Developed
Directly
Directly
Disposal
Disposal
Do Away
Do Away
Each
Each
Establish
Establish
Exact
Exact
Existing
Existing
Facing
Facing
Feudal
Feudal
Figure Of Speech
Figure Of Speech
Forcible
Forcible
Generally
Generally
Govern
Govern
Greater
Greater
Ground
Ground
Hand In
Hand In
Handed
Handed
Have Over
Have Over
Heritance
Heritance
Hole And Corner
Hole And Corner
Imaginable
Imaginable
Immemorial
Immemorial
In Number
In Number
Increase
Increase
Increased
Increased
Itself
Itself
Know How
Know How
Least
Least
Line Of March
Line Of March
Machinery
Machinery
Manufacture
Manufacture
More And More
More And More
More Or Less
More Or Less
More Than
More Than
Moreover
Moreover
National Bank
National Bank
Nearly
Nearly
No Longer
No Longer
No Need
No Need
No Other
No Other
Nobility
Nobility
Not Content
Not Content
One Sidedness
One Sidedness
Ones
Ones
Oppress
Oppress
Owing
Owing
Owing To
Owing To
Parson
Parson
Patriarchal
Patriarchal
Preceding
Preceding
Presentiment
Presentiment
Production
Production
Proletarian
Proletarian
Raw Material
Raw Material
Reform
Reform
Remaining
Remaining
Remotest
Remotest
Seclusion
Seclusion
Section
Section
Self Governing
Self Governing
Shall
Shall
Sided
Sided
Social Order
Social Order
Speak Of
Speak Of
Splitting
Splitting
Sprang
Sprang
Squirearchy
Squirearchy
Straightway
Straightway
Subjection
Subjection
Surroundings
Surroundings
Taxable
Taxable
The Bourgeoisie
The Bourgeoisie
The Country
The Country
The English
The English
The Most
The Most
The Other
The Other
The Rest
The Rest
The Same As
The Same As
Thereby
Thereby
Therefrom
Therefrom
They Are
They Are
Third
Third
Third Estate
Third Estate
Time Immemorial
Time Immemorial
To Be
To Be
Tremble
Tremble
Grievances
Grievances
The Last
The Last
Became
Became
Have No
Have No
Whole
Whole
La
La
G
G
Me
Me
Becomes
Becomes
2
2
M
M
Ranks
Ranks
Rivers
Rivers
Communists
Communists
S
S
Various
Various
Portions
Portions
Dangers
Dangers
Ruins
Ruins
It Feels
It Feels
Own Eyes
Own Eyes
Stepped
Stepped
They Were
They Were
Nations
Nations
We Have
We Have
Unfit
Unfit
Can Be
Can Be
Have Nothing
Have Nothing
Every Country
Every Country
Natures
Natures
When They
When They
Under
Under
Upper
Upper
At
At
Sprouted
Sprouted
Members
Members
Lands
Lands
Purchased
Purchased
Will Be
Will Be
We Do
We Do
Have An
Have An
Socialists
Socialists
Officially
Officially
Relations
Relations
Phases
Phases
Or Less
Or Less
As We
As We
Parties
Parties
Consumed
Consumed
They Became
They Became
De La
De La
Obtained
Obtained
Revolution Has
Revolution Has
They Have
They Have
Causes
Causes
Villainous
Villainous
Of Our
Of Our
A
A
It
It
The Social
The Social
Have
Have
Blackness
Blackness
ةة
ةة
Your
Your
Died
Died
Stealing Your
Stealing Your
So Many
So Many
The
The
In Bed
In Bed
Not
Not

bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms It has but established new classes new conditions of oppression new fo rms of struggle in place of the old ones * By bourgeoisie is meant the class of modern capitalists owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labour By proletariat the class of modern wage labourers who having no means of production of their own are reduced to selling their labour power in order to live Engels 1888 English edition t That is all written histo ry In 1847 the pre-history of society the social organisation splitting up into two great hostile camps into two great classes directly facing each other - Bourgeoisie and Proletariat From the serfs of the Middle Ages sprang the chartered burghers of the earliest towns From these burgesses the first elements of the bourgeoisie were developed The discovery of America the rounding of the Cape opened up fresh g round for the rising bourgeoisie The East-Indian and Chinese markets the colonisation of America trade with the colonies the increase in the means of exchange and in commodities generally gave to commerce to navigation to industry an impulse never befo re known and bourgeoisie developed increased its capital and pyshed into the background every class handed down from the Middle Ages We see the refore how the modern bourgeoisie is itself the product of a long course of development of a series of revolutions in the modes of production and of exchange Each step in the develop ment of the bourgeoisie was accompanied by a corresponding political advance of that class An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility an armed and self-governing association in the medieval commune* here independent urban republic as in Italy and Germany there taxable third estate of upper hand has put an end to all feudal patriarchal idyllic relations It has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to his natural superiors and has left remaining no other nexus between man and man than naked selfinterest than callous cash payment It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies of religious This was the name given their urban communities by the townsmen of Italy and France after they had purchased or conquered their initial rights of self-govern ment from their feudal lords Engels 1890 German edition Commune was the name ta ken in France by the nascent to wn s even befo re they must nestle everywhere settle everywhere establish connexions everywhere The bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cos mopolitan character to production and consumption in every country but raw material drawn from the remotest zones industries whose products are consumed not only at home but in every quarter of the globe n place of the old wants satisfied by the production of the country we find new wants requiring for their satisfaction the products of distant lands and climes In place of the old local and national seclusion and self-sufficiency we have intercourse in every direction unive rsal inter-dependence of nations And as in material so also in intellectual production The intellectual creations of individual nations become common property National one-sidedness and narrowmindedness become more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding generations together Subjection of Nature's forces to man machinery application of chemistry to industry and agriculture steam-navigation railways electric telegraphs clearing of who le continents for cultivation canalisation of rivers whole populations conjured out of the ground-what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive forces slumbered in the lap of social labour? We see then the means of production and of exchange on whose foundation the bourgeoisie built itself up were generated in feudal society At a certain stage in the development of these means of production and of exchange the conditions under which feudal society produced and exchanged the feudal organisation of agricultu re and manufacturing industry in one word the feudal relations of property became no longer compatible with the already developed productive forces they became so many fetters They had to be burst asunder they were burst asunder Into the ir place stepped free competition accompanied by a social and political constitution adapted in it and the economic and political sway of the bourgeois class A similar movement is going on before our own eyes Modern their enemies the remnants of absolute monarchy the landowners the non-industrial bourgeois the petty bourgeois Thus the whole histo rical movement is concentrated in the hands of the bourgeoisie every victo ry so obtained is a victory for the bourgeoisie But with the development of industry the proletariat not only increases in number it becomes concentrated in greater masses its strength grows and it feels that strength more The various interests and conditions of life within the ranks of the proletariat are more and more equalised in proportion as machinery obliterates all distinctions of labour and nearly everywhe re country must of course first of all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie In depicting the most general phases of the development of the proletariat we traced the more or less veiled civil war raging within existing society up to the point whe re that war brea ks out into open revolution and where the violent overthrow of the bourgeoisie lays the foundation for the sway of the proletariat Hitherto every form of society has been based as we have already seen on the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes But in order to oppress a class certain conditions mu st be assured to it under which it can at least continue its Communist Party an over-riding law It is unfit to rule because it is incompetent to assure an existence to its slave within his slavery because it cannot help letting him sink into such a state that it has to feed him instead of being fed by him Society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie in other words its existence is no longer compatible with society The essential conditions for the existence and for the sway of the bourgeois class is the formation and augmentation of capital the condition for capital is wage-labour Wage-labour rests exclusively on competition between the labourers The advance of industry whose represent the interests of the movement as a whole The Communists therefo re are on the one hand practically the most advanced and resolute section of the working-class parties of every country that section which pushes forward all others on the other hand theoretically they have over the great mass of the proletariat the advantage of clearly understanding the line of march the conditions and the ultimate general results of the proletarian movement The immediate aim of the Communists is the same as that of all other proletarian parties formation of the proletariat into a class overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy at is to do away with the status of women as me re instruments of production For the rest nothing is more ridiculous than the virtuous indignation of our bourgeois at the community of women which they pretend is to be openly and officially established by the Communists The Communists have no need to introduce community of women it has existed almost from time immemorial Our bourgeois not content with having wives and daughters of their proleta rians at their disposal not to speak of common prostitutes take the greatest pleasure in seducing each othe r's wives Bourgeois marriage is in reality a system of wives in social order and are unavoidable as a means of entirely revolutionising the mode of production These measures will of course be different in different countries Neve rthe less in most advanced countries the following will be pretty generally applicable 1 Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes 2 A heavy progressive or graduated inco me tax 3 Abolition of all rights of in heritance 4 Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels 5 Centralisation of credit in the hands of the state by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly 6 Centralisation of class and as such sweeps away by force the old conditions of production then it will along with these conditions have swe pt away the conditions for the existence of class antagonisms and of classes generally and will thereby have abolished its own supremacy as a class In place of the old bourgeois society with its classes and class antagonisms we shall have an association in whi ch the free develop ment of each is the condition for the free development of all IlII Socialist and Communist Literature 1 Reactionary Socialism A Feudal Socialism Owing to their histo rical position it became the vo cation of the aristo cracies of F rance spiritst As the parson has ever gone hand in hand with the landlord so has Clerical Socialism with Feudal Socialism * Not the English Resto ration 1660-1689 but the French Restoration 1814-1830 Note by Engels to the English edition of 1888 t This applies chiefly to Germany where the landed aristocracy and squirearchy have large portions of their estates cultivated for their own account by stewards and are moreover extensive beetroot-sugar manufacture rs and distillers of potato spirits The wealthier British aristo cracy are as yet rather above that but they too know how to make up for declining rents by lending their names society The individual members of this class however are being constantly hurled down into the proletariat by the action of competition and as modern industry develops they even see the moment approaching when they will co mpletely disappear as an independent section of modern society to be replaced in manufactures agriculture and commerce by overlooke rs bailiffs and shopmen In countries like France where the peasants constitu te far more than half of the population it was natural that writers who sided with the proletariat against the bourgeoisie s hould use in their criticism of the bourgeois régime the standard of And on its part German Socialism recognised more and more its own calling as the bombastic representative of the petty-bourgeois Philistine It proclaimed the German nation to be the model nation and the German petty Philistine to be the typical man To every villainous meanness of this model man it gave a hidden hig her Socialistic interpretation the exact contrary of its real character It went to the extreme length of directly opposing the brutally destru ctive tendency of Communism and of proclaiming its supreme and impartial contempt of all class struggles With very few exceptions all the so-called Socialist and Communist publications that now 1847 circulate in Germany belong to the domain of this foul and enervating literature 2 Conservative or Bourgeois Socialism A part of the bourgeoisie is desirous of redressing social grievances in order to secure the continued existence of bourgeois society To this section belong economists philanthro pists humanitarians improve rs of the condition of the wo rking class organisers of charity members of societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals temperance fanatics hole-and-corner reforme rs of every imaginable kind This form of socialism has mo reover been wo rked out into complete syste ms We may cite Proudhon's Philosophie de la Misère as an exa mple of this fo rm The Socialistic bourgeois want all the advantages of modern social conditions without the struggles and dangers necessarily resulting therefrom They desire the existing state of society minus its revolutionary and disintegrating elements T hey wish for a bourgeoisie without a proletariat The bourgeoisie naturally conceives the world in which it is supreme to be the best and bourgeois Socialism develops this comfortable conception into various more or less complete systems In requiring the proletariat to carry out such a system and edition of 1890 32 Chapter Ill Socialist and Communist Literatu re Bourgeois Socialism attains adequate exp ression when and only when it becomes a mere figure of speech Free trade for the benefit of the working class Protective duties for the benefit of the working class Prison Reform for the benefit of the working class This is the last word and the only seriously meant word of bourgeois so cialism It is summed up in the phrase the bourgeois is a bourgeois - for the benefit of the wo rking class 3 Critical-Utopian Socialism and Communism We do not here re fer to that literatu re which in every great modern revolution has eyes into the propaganda and the practical carrying out of their social plans In the formation of their plans they are conscious of caring chiefly for the inte rests of the wo rking class as being the most suffering class Only from the point of view of being the most suffering class does the proletariat exist for the m The undeveloped state of the class struggle as well as their own surroundings causes Socialists of this kind to consider themselves far superior to all class antagonisms They want to improve the condition of every member of society even that of the most favoured Hence they habitually appeal to society at large without possible recognition of the hostile antagonism between bourgeoisie and proletariat in order that the German workers may straightway use as so many weapons against the bourgeoisie the social and political conditions that the bourgeoisie must necessarily introdu ce along with its suprema cy and in order that after the fall of the reactionary classes in Germany the fight against the bourgeoisie itself may immediately begin The Communists turn their attention chiefly to Germany because that country is on the eve of a bourgeois revolution that is bound to be carried out under more advanced conditions of European civilisation countries The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains They have a world to win As By Popular request Just Zoom In COMRADES Meme

found ON 2019-11-18 02:30:19 BY ME.ME

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