Books, Church, and Doctor: In ancient Egypt, any books found
 in ships coming into port, would be
 brought immediately to the library of
 Alexandria and be copied. The
 original would be kept in the library
 and the copy given back to the
 owner.
 Ultrafacts.tumblr.com
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p>
</blockquote>
<p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>but why</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p>
</blockquote>
<p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p>
</blockquote>
<p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p>
<p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p>
<p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p>
<p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p>
<p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p>
<p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p>
</blockquote>

<p>#getrekt</p>

agentsama:

slvrnightx:

ultrafacts:

aussietory:

third-way-is-best-way:

tuxedoandex:

kvotheunkvothe:

ultrafacts:

Source For more facts follow Ultrafacts

EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET SO ANGRY.

but why

Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.

The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, & important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.

I get so sad whenever I think about this.

Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am so tired of this overused narrative.

Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including Plutarch (XLIX.435), Ammianus MarcellinusAulus Gellius, and Seneca, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of Brucheion (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.

Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the complete destruction of the Serapeum by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) notes that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi and Ibn al-Qifti, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as the destruction of the Library.

But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read Aquinas and John Paul II to see that the tradition of the Church has been fides et ratio, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. The Imperial Library of Constantinople housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the Etymologiae. The medievals still studied the writings of Euclid, Archimedes, and Ptolemy. Modern civil law has its roots in the Corpus Juris Civilis (“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as Saint John Damascene and Alcuin of York preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.

The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the Carolingian Renaissance and especially the advances of the High Middle Ages. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the Scholastics, and the foundations of the modern university system (the development of which was independent of the Islamic madrasa), with the oldest in continual use being the University of Bologna (since the 11th Century).

The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also incredibly Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and vastly oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.

#getrekt

books
books
Church
Church
Doctor
Doctor
Empire
Empire
Facts
Facts
God
God
Google
Google
ignorant
ignorant
Jesus
Jesus
Life
Life
Logic
Logic
Pope Francis
Pope Francis
Roger
Roger
tumblr
tumblr
wikipedia
wikipedia
China
China
Lost
Lost
Work
Work
Faded
Faded
Best
Best
Blog
Blog
Book
Book
Europe
Europe
Forever
Forever
Good
Good
google.com
google.com
History
History
Http
Http
India
India
Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
Library
Library
Philosophy
Philosophy
Record
Record
Science
Science
Text
Text
The General
The General
The Middle
The Middle
Time
Time
Wiki
Wiki
World
World
Engineering
Engineering
Ancient
Ancient
Angry
Angry
Antiquity
Antiquity
Egypt
Egypt
Egyptian
Egyptian
Greek
Greek
Roman
Roman
Sad
Sad
Strong
Strong
Vatican
Vatican
Western
Western
Christianity
Christianity
Cicero
Cicero
Enemies
Enemies
Faith
Faith
Horace
Horace
Knowledge
Knowledge
Libraries
Libraries
Mathematics
Mathematics
Medicine
Medicine
Mind
Mind
Peace
Peace
Plato
Plato
Ptolemy
Ptolemy
Reason
Reason
Religion
Religion
Socrates
Socrates
Theology
Theology
Thought
Thought
Classical
Classical
All The
All The
Back
Back
Been
Been
got
got
media
media
civilization
civilization
php
php
idea
idea
html
html
song
song
roots
roots
com
com
index
index
war
war
renaissance
renaissance
class
class
pagan
pagan
who
who
paul
paul
tufts
tufts
glory
glory
doc
doc
source
source
cad
cad
architecture
architecture
university
university
one
one
scrolls
scrolls
redirect
redirect
law
law
major
major
img
img
port
port
faded glory
faded glory
seneca
seneca
bishop
bishop
york
york
caesar
caesar
ancient egypt
ancient egypt
account
account
sig
sig
bologna
bologna
city
city
middle ages
middle ages
amp
amp
perseus
perseus
may
may
invasion
invasion
alexandria
alexandria
gutenberg
gutenberg
set
set
euclid
euclid
archimedes
archimedes
tang
tang
org
org
day
day
wikipedia org
wikipedia org
why
why
catholicism
catholicism
the church
the church
saint augustine
saint augustine
crisis
crisis
jpg
jpg
think
think
geography
geography
gbs
gbs
saint
saint
did
did
emperor
emperor
all
all
first
first
imperial
imperial
the world
the world
the original
the original
the collection
the collection
alt
alt
constantinople
constantinople
modern
modern
src
src
system
system
development
development
society
society
ratio
ratio
palermo
palermo
series
series
seville
seville
general
general
post
post
works
works
the city
the city
born
born
notes
notes
still
still
made
made
for
for
temples
temples
lpg
lpg
study
study
www
www
saint john
saint john
events
events
islamic
islamic
toc
toc
edu
edu
western europe
western europe
european
european
civil
civil
extension
extension
use
use
href
href
john paul
john paul
event
event
used
used
scientific
scientific
chapter
chapter
read
read
more
more
this
this
get
get
tired
tired
high
high
sure
sure
problem
problem
father
father
well
well
such
such
younger
younger
immediately
immediately
style
style
absolutely
absolutely
enough
enough
because
because
destruction
destruction
someone
someone
coming
coming
those
those
mention
mention
owner
owner
including
including
ruined
ruined
burning
burning
drawn
drawn
knew
knew
i think
i think
whenever
whenever
existed
existed
vergil
vergil
every time
every time
burned
burned
as well
as well
vastly
vastly
xlix
xlix
survived
survived
oblivious
oblivious
hopper
hopper
same
same
specifically
specifically
peace of mind
peace of mind
caliphate
caliphate
abd
abd
physiology
physiology
destroy
destroy
ships
ships
preserve
preserve
claim
claim
attribute
attribute
suffer
suffer
were
were
sentiment
sentiment
ots
ots
destroyed
destroyed
demeaning
demeaning
siege
siege
volume
volume
century
century
almighty
almighty
further
further
theophilus
theophilus
narrative
narrative
sought
sought
interest
interest
firstly
firstly
no
 no
called
 called
see
 see
way
 way
need
 need
come
 come
know
 know
follow
 follow
ago
 ago
much
 much
years
 years
two
 two
12th
 12th
copy
 copy
sa x
 sa x
late
 late
large
 large
again
 again
blueprints
 blueprints
tumblr blog
 tumblr blog
the burning
 the burning
egyptian god
 egyptian god
lost forever
 lost forever
science-and-religion
science-and-religion
out
out
over
over
john
john
point
point
Sã¨X
Sã¨X
Ultrafacts
Ultrafacts
Got Burned
Got Burned
Till This Day
Till This Day
Consisted
Consisted
Ultrafacts Tumblr
Ultrafacts Tumblr
Whenever I
Whenever I
And
And
Other
Other
Body
Body
I Am
I Am
Loss
Loss
Summary
Summary
Overused
Overused
Both
Both
Chart
Chart
Christian
Christian
Holy
Holy
That
That
Good God
Good God
But
But
Not
Not
So Sad
So Sad
Oldest
Oldest
Is This
Is This
Writers
Writers
But Why
But Why
Learning
Learning
Original
Original
So Angry
So Angry
Byzantine
Byzantine
Such Much
Such Much
Historian
Historian
Christians
Christians
Independent
Independent
The
The
The First
The First
Not The
Not The
So Many
So Many
Distasteful
Distasteful
Tradition
Tradition
The Oldest
The Oldest
From
From
Important
Important
Its
Its
Part
Part
Every
Every
False
False
Many
Many
Has Been
Has Been
Getrekt
Getrekt
During
During
I E
I E
Especially
Especially
Destroy All
Destroy All
Collection
Collection
These
These
Múltiple
Múltiple
While
While
After
After
Fields
Fields
Such As
Such As
Fathers
Fathers
Was
Was
With
With
Umar
Umar
Advanced
Advanced
Middle
Middle
Till
Till
Found
Found
In A
In A
Should
Should
Are
Are
Have
Have
Al Baghdadi
Al Baghdadi
Authors
Authors
Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Had
Had
Also
Also
Studied
Studied
Adds
Adds
Xvi
Xvi
A Href
A Href
Https
Https
Location
Location
Google Co
Google Co
Temple
Temple
Which
Which
Only
Only
About
About
Tumblr Com
Tumblr Com
Throughout
Throughout
Complete
Complete
Since
Since
Documents
Documents
Has
Has
The Renaissance
The Renaissance
Often
Often
Before
Before
Peoples
Peoples
Being
Being
Most
Most
Against
Against
Caliph
Caliph
Carolingian
Carolingian
En Wikipedia Org
En Wikipedia Org
Isidore
Isidore
Saint Isidore Of Seville
Saint Isidore Of Seville
Snippet
Snippet
Removal
Removal
Thinkers
Thinkers
Best Way
Best Way
Given
Given
Scholarly
Scholarly
Foundations
Foundations
Perceived
Perceived
Known
Known
Brings
Brings
Even
Even
His
His
Scriptures
Scriptures
Title
Title
Scholars
Scholars
Thousands
Thousands
So Called
So Called
Catholics
Catholics
Behest
Behest
Earlier
Earlier
Ecclesiastical
Ecclesiastical
Eurocentric
Eurocentric
Htm
Htm
Majority
Majority
The Same
The Same
4Th
4Th
A Loss
A Loss
About The
About The
Any
Any
Aquinas
Aquinas
Augustine
Augustine
Baghdadi
Baghdadi
Coptic
Coptic
Corpus
Corpus
Enc
Enc
Expanded
Expanded
Files
Files
For The
For The
Gerard
Gerard
Good God Almighty
Good God Almighty
Historians
Historians
Http En Wikipedia Org Wiki
Http En Wikipedia Org Wiki
In China
In China
In The
In The
Influential
Influential
Into
Into
Is Best
Is Best
Julius
Julius
Justinian
Justinian
Know That
Know That
Library Of Alexandria
Library Of Alexandria
Life Of
Life Of
Not The Same
Not The Same
Not This
Not This
Of Peace
Of Peace
Alcuin
Alcuin
Cathen
Cathen
Vergill
Vergill
Third Way
Third Way
My Photos
My Photos
Being
Being
Are
Are
Your
Your
The
The
That
That
A Shit
A Shit
Here
Here
And
And
Pulled Out
Pulled Out
Fun Prank
Fun Prank
january
 january
anymore
 anymore
follow
 follow
need
 need
night
 night
message
 message
no
 no
were
were
yall
yall
ever
ever
texted
texted
weed man
weed man
hustling
hustling
guys
guys
this is
this is
like
like
this
this
trimmer
trimmer
thing
thing
🤖
🤖
Time
Time
Brave
Brave
memes
memes
Life
Life
Internet
Internet
go to sleep
go to sleep
Click
Click
9gag
9gag
4chan
4chan
4chan
4chan
9gag
9gag
Click
Click
go to sleep
go to sleep
Internet
Internet
Life
Life
memes
memes
Brave
Brave
Time
Time
🤖
🤖
thing
thing
trimmer
trimmer
this
this
like
like
this is
this is
guys
guys
hustling
hustling
weed man
weed man
texted
texted
ever
ever
yall
yall
were
were
no
 no
message
 message
night
 night
need
 need
follow
 follow
anymore
 anymore
january
 january
Fun Prank
Fun Prank
Pulled Out
Pulled Out
And
And
Here
Here
A Shit
A Shit
That
That
The
The
Your
Your
Are
Are
Being
Being
My Photos
My Photos
Third Way
Third Way
Vergill
Vergill
Cathen
Cathen
Alcuin
Alcuin
Of Peace
Of Peace
Not This
Not This
Not The Same
Not The Same
Life Of
Life Of
Library Of Alexandria
Library Of Alexandria
Know That
Know That
Justinian
Justinian
Julius
Julius
Is Best
Is Best
Into
Into
Influential
Influential
In The
In The
In China
In China
Http En Wikipedia Org Wiki
Http En Wikipedia Org Wiki
Historians
Historians
Good God Almighty
Good God Almighty
Gerard
Gerard
For The
For The
Files
Files
Expanded
Expanded
Enc
Enc
Corpus
Corpus
Coptic
Coptic
Baghdadi
Baghdadi
Augustine
Augustine
Aquinas
Aquinas
Any
Any
About The
About The
A Loss
A Loss
4Th
4Th
The Same
The Same
Majority
Majority
Htm
Htm
Eurocentric
Eurocentric
Ecclesiastical
Ecclesiastical
Earlier
Earlier
Behest
Behest
Catholics
Catholics
So Called
So Called
Thousands
Thousands
Scholars
Scholars
Title
Title
Scriptures
Scriptures
His
His
Even
Even
Brings
Brings
Known
Known
Perceived
Perceived
Foundations
Foundations
Scholarly
Scholarly
Given
Given
Best Way
Best Way
Thinkers
Thinkers
Removal
Removal
Snippet
Snippet
Saint Isidore Of Seville
Saint Isidore Of Seville
Isidore
Isidore
En Wikipedia Org
En Wikipedia Org
Carolingian
Carolingian
Caliph
Caliph
Against
Against
Most
Most
Being
Being
Peoples
Peoples
Before
Before
Often
Often
The Renaissance
The Renaissance
Has
Has
Documents
Documents
Since
Since
Complete
Complete
Throughout
Throughout
Tumblr Com
Tumblr Com
About
About
Only
Only
Which
Which
Temple
Temple
Google Co
Google Co
Location
Location
Https
Https
A Href
A Href
Xvi
Xvi
Adds
Adds
Studied
Studied
Also
Also
Had
Had
Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Authors
Authors
Al Baghdadi
Al Baghdadi
Have
Have
Are
Are
Should
Should
In A
In A
Found
Found
Till
Till
Middle
Middle
Advanced
Advanced
Umar
Umar
With
With
Was
Was
Fathers
Fathers
Such As
Such As
Fields
Fields
After
After
While
While
Múltiple
Múltiple
These
These
Collection
Collection
Destroy All
Destroy All
Especially
Especially
I E
I E
During
During
Getrekt
Getrekt
Has Been
Has Been
Many
Many
False
False
Every
Every
Part
Part
Its
Its
Important
Important
From
From
The Oldest
The Oldest
Tradition
Tradition
Distasteful
Distasteful
So Many
So Many
Not The
Not The
The First
The First
The
The
Independent
Independent
Christians
Christians
Historian
Historian
Such Much
Such Much
Byzantine
Byzantine
So Angry
So Angry
Original
Original
Learning
Learning
But Why
But Why
Writers
Writers
Is This
Is This
Oldest
Oldest
So Sad
So Sad
Not
Not
But
But
Good God
Good God
That
That
Holy
Holy
Christian
Christian
Chart
Chart
Both
Both
Overused
Overused
Summary
Summary
Loss
Loss
I Am
I Am
Body
Body
Other
Other
And
And
Whenever I
Whenever I
Ultrafacts Tumblr
Ultrafacts Tumblr
Consisted
Consisted
Till This Day
Till This Day
Got Burned
Got Burned
Ultrafacts
Ultrafacts
Sã¨X
Sã¨X
point
point
john
john
over
over
out
out
science-and-religion
science-and-religion
lost forever
 lost forever
egyptian god
 egyptian god
the burning
 the burning
tumblr blog
 tumblr blog
blueprints
 blueprints
again
 again
large
 large
late
 late
sa x
 sa x
copy
 copy
12th
 12th
two
 two
years
 years
much
 much
ago
 ago
follow
 follow
know
 know
come
 come
need
 need
way
 way
see
 see
called
 called
no
 no
firstly
firstly
interest
interest
sought
sought
narrative
narrative
theophilus
theophilus
further
further
almighty
almighty
century
century
volume
volume
siege
siege
demeaning
demeaning
destroyed
destroyed
ots
ots
sentiment
sentiment
were
were
suffer
suffer
attribute
attribute
claim
claim
preserve
preserve
ships
ships
destroy
destroy
physiology
physiology
abd
abd
caliphate
caliphate
peace of mind
peace of mind
specifically
specifically
same
same
hopper
hopper
oblivious
oblivious
survived
survived
xlix
xlix
vastly
vastly
as well
as well
burned
burned
every time
every time
vergil
vergil
existed
existed
whenever
whenever
i think
i think
knew
knew
drawn
drawn
burning
burning
ruined
ruined
including
including
owner
owner
mention
mention
those
those
coming
coming
someone
someone
destruction
destruction
because
because
enough
enough
absolutely
absolutely
style
style
immediately
immediately
younger
younger
such
such
well
well
father
father
problem
problem
sure
sure
high
high
tired
tired
get
get
this
this
more
more
read
read
chapter
chapter
scientific
scientific
used
used
event
event
john paul
john paul
href
href
use
use
extension
extension
civil
civil
european
european
western europe
western europe
edu
edu
toc
toc
islamic
islamic
events
events
saint john
saint john
www
www
study
study
lpg
lpg
temples
temples
for
for
made
made
still
still
notes
notes
born
born
the city
the city
works
works
post
post
general
general
seville
seville
series
series
palermo
palermo
ratio
ratio
society
society
development
development
system
system
src
src
modern
modern
constantinople
constantinople
alt
alt
the collection
the collection
the original
the original
the world
the world
imperial
imperial
first
first
all
all
emperor
emperor
did
did
saint
saint
gbs
gbs
geography
geography
think
think
jpg
jpg
crisis
crisis
saint augustine
saint augustine
the church
the church
catholicism
catholicism
why
why
wikipedia org
wikipedia org
day
day
org
org
tang
tang
archimedes
archimedes
euclid
euclid
set
set
gutenberg
gutenberg
alexandria
alexandria
invasion
invasion
may
may
perseus
perseus
amp
amp
middle ages
middle ages
city
city
bologna
bologna
sig
sig
account
account
ancient egypt
ancient egypt
caesar
caesar
york
york
bishop
bishop
seneca
seneca
faded glory
faded glory
port
port
img
img
major
major
law
law
redirect
redirect
scrolls
scrolls
one
one
university
university
architecture
architecture
cad
cad
source
source
doc
doc
glory
glory
tufts
tufts
paul
paul
who
who
pagan
pagan
class
class
renaissance
renaissance
war
war
index
index
com
com
roots
roots
song
song
html
html
idea
idea
php
php
civilization
civilization
media
media
got
got
Been
Been
Back
Back
All The
All The
Classical
Classical
Thought
Thought
Theology
Theology
Socrates
Socrates
Religion
Religion
Reason
Reason
Ptolemy
Ptolemy
Plato
Plato
Peace
Peace
Mind
Mind
Medicine
Medicine
Mathematics
Mathematics
Libraries
Libraries
Knowledge
Knowledge
Horace
Horace
Faith
Faith
Enemies
Enemies
Cicero
Cicero
Christianity
Christianity
Western
Western
Vatican
Vatican
Strong
Strong
Sad
Sad
Roman
Roman
Greek
Greek
Egyptian
Egyptian
Egypt
Egypt
Antiquity
Antiquity
Angry
Angry
Ancient
Ancient
Engineering
Engineering
World
World
Wiki
Wiki
Time
Time
The Middle
The Middle
The General
The General
Text
Text
Science
Science
Record
Record
Philosophy
Philosophy
Library
Library
Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
India
India
Http
Http
History
History
google.com
google.com
Good
Good
Forever
Forever
Europe
Europe
Book
Book
Blog
Blog
Best
Best
Faded
Faded
Work
Work
Lost
Lost
China
China
wikipedia
wikipedia
tumblr
tumblr
Roger
Roger
Pope Francis
Pope Francis
Logic
Logic
Life
Life
Jesus
Jesus
ignorant
ignorant
Google
Google
God
God
Facts
Facts
Empire
Empire
Doctor
Doctor
Church
Church
books
books

In ancient Egypt any books found in ships coming into port would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner Ultrafactstumblrcom <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httpagentsamatumblrcompost107299905099slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory>agentsama<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httpslvrnightxtumblrcompost97271985185ultrafacts-aussietory>slvrnightx<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httpultrafactsblogcompost97269070131aussietory-third-way-is-best-way>ultrafacts<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httpaussietorytumblrcompost97037485207third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex>aussietory<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httpthird-way-is-best-waytumblrcompost97026410042tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts>third-way-is-best-way<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httptuxedoandextumblrcompost97009990157kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more>tuxedoandex<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httpkvotheunkvothetumblrcompost91996111874ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow>kvotheunkvothe<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a class=tumblr_blog href=httpultrafactsblogcompost91744814059source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts>ultrafacts<a><p> <blockquote> <p><a href=httpenwikipediaorgwikiLibrary_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library>Source<a> <strong>For more facts <a href=httpultrafactstumblrcom>follow Ultrafacts<a><strong><p> <blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY<strong><p> <blockquote> <p>but why<p> <blockquote> <p>Because it got burned All of that knowledge lost forever<p> <blockquote> <p><img alt= src=https78mediatumblrcomtumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500jpg><p> <blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics engineering physiology geography blueprints medicine plays &amp important scriptures Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to studyMost of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost If the library still survived till this day society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world<p> <blockquote> <p>I get so sad whenever I think about this<p> <blockquote> <p>Good God Almighty not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again I am <em><strong>so<strong> <em>tired of this overused narrative<p> <p>Firstly the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born Multiple Roman scholars including <a href=httpwwwgutenbergorgfiles1414014140-h14140-hhtm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR>Plutarch<a> XLIX435 <a href=httpenwikisourceorgwikiRoman_HistoryBook_XXII#XVI>Ammianus Marcellinus<a> <a href=httpwwwperseustuftseduhoppertext?doc=Perseustext2007010072id=v2p139>Aulus Gellius<a> and <a href=httpenwikisourceorgwikiOf_Peace_of_Mind#IX>Seneca<a> record the destruction of books in Alexandria all placing the events before Christians even existed Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries especially the Serapeum which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href=httpsbooksgooglecombooks?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amppg=PA20&amplpg=PA20&ampdq=Brucheion+aurelian&ampsource=bl&ampots=idw91tlzf4&ampsig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amphl=en&ampsa=X&ampei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&ampved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&ampq=Brucheion%20aurelian&ampf=false>Brucheion<a> the location of the Library Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century<p> <p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library The first is the <a href=httpenwikisourceorgwikiNicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers_Series_IIVolume_IISocratesBook_VChapter_16>complete destruction of the Serapeum<a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius VI263 <a href=httpbooksgooglecombooks?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amppg=PA228&ampsource=gbs_toc_r&ampcad=3#v=snippet&ampq=book%20chests&ampf=false>notes<a> that the books burned of which he laments were not the same as the original collection of the Library The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href=httpwwwroger-pearsecomweblog20100910abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria>Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi<a> and <a href=httpwwwroger-pearsecomweblog20100924al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria>Ibn al-Qifti<a> who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar So many burnings but not one has been definitively set as <em>the <em>destruction of the Library<p> <p>But enough about the Library The problem is this false idea of Christianity especially Catholicism since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages” being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge One need only read <a href=httpwwwnewadventorgsumma3002htm#article4>Aquinas<a> and <a href=httpwwwvaticanvaholy_fatherjohn_paul_iiencyclicalsdocumentshf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_enhtml>John Paul II<a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio<em> faith and reason that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria but Christianity also preserved much knowledge <a href=httpenwikipediaorgwikiImperial_Library_of_Constantinople>The Imperial Library of Constantinople<a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius Many of the Church Fathers even after Saint Augustine as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages knew well the works of Vergil Cicero Sallust Horace and Seneca the Younger Saint Isidore of Seville bishop and Doctor of the Church sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity known as the <em><a href=httpbooksgooglecoukbooks?id=3ep502syZv8C>Etymologiae<a><em> The medievals still studied the writings of <a href=httphistoryofinformationcomexpandedphp?id=2749>Euclid<a> <a href=httpenwikipediaorgwikiGerard_of_Cremona#Gerard27s_translations>Archimedes<a> and <a href=httpenwikipediaorgwindexphp?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&ampredirect=no>Ptolemy<a> Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis <em>“The Body of Civil Law” the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian Still more Christian writers such as <a href=httpwwwnewadventorgcathen08459bhtm>Saint John Damascene<a> and <a href=httpwwwnewadventorgcathen01276ahtm>Alcuin of York<a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology<p> <p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians ie Catholics throughout the Middle Ages including the <a href=httpenwikipediaorgwikiCarolingian_Renaissance>Carolingian Renaissance<a> and especially the advances of the <a href=httpenwikipediaorgwikiHigh_Middle_Ages>High Middle Ages<a> These include the renaissance of architecture namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic by the <a href=httpwwwnewadventorgcathen13548ahtm>Scholastics<a> and the foundations of the <a href=httpwwwnewadventorgcathen15188ahtm>modern university system<a> the development of which was <a href=httpenwikipediaorgwikiMadrasa#Madrasa_and_university>independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa<em><a> with the oldest in continual use being the <a href=httpwwwnewadventorgcathen02641bhtm>University of Bologna<a> since the 11th Century<p> <p>The chart and by extension the general sentiment is also <em>incredibly <em>Eurocentric in a demeaning way and <em>vastly<em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world including the Islamic Caliphate the Tang Song and Yuan dynasties in China and Late Classical India Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant<p> <blockquote> <p>#getrekt<p> Meme

found @ 25 likes ON 2018-06-08 09:03:17 BY ME.ME

source: tumblr