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Via @carthrottlenews - CT: We’re just a few weeks away from your second series on Top Gear. How does it feel this time around compared to your TG debut? - RR: I would say cautiously I feel optimisitic. Last year I was involved as a kind of lone wolf, because I was drafted in to do individual reviews of cars, and I only featured in four out of the six episodes. So this season, I’m part of a team of three core presenters, I’ll be in every single episode, and I’ll also work with our contributors Eddie Jordan and Sabine Schmitz. The level involvement is much greater from my side. I’ve had much more input into this series, so all things considered, I’m very much optimistic. - CT: We enjoyed seeing yourself and Harris in Extra Gear last series. Will that still be a thing in series 24? - RR: Extra Gear is coming back next season, I won’t be hosting it and neither will Chris - we have a new host. The guy’s name is George Lewis, he’s a very funny comedian, and Chris and myself will be alongside George, revealing behind-the-scenes content. Chris will take a closer look at the cars featured in the main show with a hot lap like he did before, and there’ll be some specially shot films that are exclusive to Extra Gear. - CT: How will the celebrity guest segment work this time around? We’ve heard rumours a Toyota GT86 might be involved… - RR: There will be celebrities as always, but the way they’re incorporated will change. We want the celebrity guest to be weaved throughout the show. They’re also going to be taught how to drive their lap by The Stig and by Chris Harris. I don’t think I can tell you about the car… - CT: Can you tell us at least that the Mini has gone? - RR: I will reveal that there is a change to the track. I can confirm that the rallycross track has gone, and we’ll be returning to the normal track. So it would make sense not to have a rally-prepared car, let’s put it like that… - To find out what Rory thought of Chris Evans and what segments we should look out for in the new series, head over to carthrottle.com to see the full interview!: HH NEWS Ahead of series 24 of Top Gear, we caught up with presenter Rory Reid to throw a bunch of questions at him from ourselves and you guys. Here's What he had to say! Via @carthrottlenews - CT: We’re just a few weeks away from your second series on Top Gear. How does it feel this time around compared to your TG debut? - RR: I would say cautiously I feel optimisitic. Last year I was involved as a kind of lone wolf, because I was drafted in to do individual reviews of cars, and I only featured in four out of the six episodes. So this season, I’m part of a team of three core presenters, I’ll be in every single episode, and I’ll also work with our contributors Eddie Jordan and Sabine Schmitz. The level involvement is much greater from my side. I’ve had much more input into this series, so all things considered, I’m very much optimistic. - CT: We enjoyed seeing yourself and Harris in Extra Gear last series. Will that still be a thing in series 24? - RR: Extra Gear is coming back next season, I won’t be hosting it and neither will Chris - we have a new host. The guy’s name is George Lewis, he’s a very funny comedian, and Chris and myself will be alongside George, revealing behind-the-scenes content. Chris will take a closer look at the cars featured in the main show with a hot lap like he did before, and there’ll be some specially shot films that are exclusive to Extra Gear. - CT: How will the celebrity guest segment work this time around? We’ve heard rumours a Toyota GT86 might be involved… - RR: There will be celebrities as always, but the way they’re incorporated will change. We want the celebrity guest to be weaved throughout the show. They’re also going to be taught how to drive their lap by The Stig and by Chris Harris. I don’t think I can tell you about the car… - CT: Can you tell us at least that the Mini has gone? - RR: I will reveal that there is a change to the track. I can confirm that the rallycross track has gone, and we’ll be returning to the normal track. So it would make sense not to have a rally-prepared car, let’s put it like that… - To find out what Rory thought of Chris Evans and what segments we should look out for in the new series, head over to carthrottle.com to see the full interview!

Via @carthrottlenews - CT: We’re just a few weeks away from your second series on Top Gear. How does it feel this time around compared to...

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A 19-year-old Georgia woman has fought her way onto the ballot, and, if elected, could become one of the youngest elected officials in the United States. Mary-Pat Hector, a sophomore at Atlanta's Spelman College, is seeking a city council seat in the newly incorporated city of Stonecrest, a suburb east of Atlanta that is home to about 50,000 residents. Another candidate in the race challenged her eligibility to run, arguing that she should be barred due to a state law requiring that all elected officials be at least 21 years of age. But Hector, who serves as national youth director for the Rev. Al Sharpton's National Action Network, protested, arguing that if she is old enough to vote she should be old enough to hold political office.The DeKalb County Board of Registrations and Elections on Thursday ruled that Hector can run because the city's charter held no such age restriction. That ruling apparently makes her the youngest woman to run for elected office in Georgia. Stonecrest will hold its first election on March 21. Area residents voted in 2016 to incorporate. Up for grabs are the positions of mayor and five city council seats. Three people are running for mayor and 17 for the council. 17thsoulja BlackIG17th blackgirlsrock blackgirlmagic✨ blackexcellence: This 19-Year-old Spelman Student Has Qualified To Run For Office In Georgia th soulia4 A 19-year-old Georgia woman has fought her way onto the ballot, and, if elected, could become one of the youngest elected officials in the United States. Mary-Pat Hector, a sophomore at Atlanta's Spelman College, is seeking a city council seat in the newly incorporated city of Stonecrest, a suburb east of Atlanta that is home to about 50,000 residents. Another candidate in the race challenged her eligibility to run, arguing that she should be barred due to a state law requiring that all elected officials be at least 21 years of age. But Hector, who serves as national youth director for the Rev. Al Sharpton's National Action Network, protested, arguing that if she is old enough to vote she should be old enough to hold political office.The DeKalb County Board of Registrations and Elections on Thursday ruled that Hector can run because the city's charter held no such age restriction. That ruling apparently makes her the youngest woman to run for elected office in Georgia. Stonecrest will hold its first election on March 21. Area residents voted in 2016 to incorporate. Up for grabs are the positions of mayor and five city council seats. Three people are running for mayor and 17 for the council. 17thsoulja BlackIG17th blackgirlsrock blackgirlmagic✨ blackexcellence

A 19-year-old Georgia woman has fought her way onto the ballot, and, if elected, could become one of the youngest elected officials in th...

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Prince and George Michael to be Honored at the 2017 Grammy Awards – blogged by @MsJennyb ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ The GrammyAwards are right around the corner, set to include a slew of extraordinary performances, surprises and tributes. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ According to Page Six, Sunday’s highly anticipated event will incorporate special tributes to music icons Prince and GeorgeMichael, who both passed in 2016. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ The show’s producers and organizers announced the tribute on Wednesday, revealing that the awards ceremony will include two performances in honor of the icons. However, it is still unclear which celebrities will be involved with the tributes. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ This year, a few performers set to grace the stage on Sunday, include Adele, LadyGaga, JohnLegend, BrunoMars and a “very pregnant” Beyoncé. The “Late Late Show’s” James Corden will host the event, which will premiere Sunday night on CBS. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Who do you want to perform in the tributes?: Prince and George Michael to be Honored at the 2017 Grammy Awards @balleralert Prince and George Michael to be Honored at the 2017 Grammy Awards – blogged by @MsJennyb ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ The GrammyAwards are right around the corner, set to include a slew of extraordinary performances, surprises and tributes. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ According to Page Six, Sunday’s highly anticipated event will incorporate special tributes to music icons Prince and GeorgeMichael, who both passed in 2016. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ The show’s producers and organizers announced the tribute on Wednesday, revealing that the awards ceremony will include two performances in honor of the icons. However, it is still unclear which celebrities will be involved with the tributes. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ This year, a few performers set to grace the stage on Sunday, include Adele, LadyGaga, JohnLegend, BrunoMars and a “very pregnant” Beyoncé. The “Late Late Show’s” James Corden will host the event, which will premiere Sunday night on CBS. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Who do you want to perform in the tributes?

Prince and George Michael to be Honored at the 2017 Grammy Awards – blogged by @MsJennyb ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ The GrammyAwards are right a...

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Good Knight Gothamites! This week we will conclude "50 Tales for 50 Years: A Celebration of Barbara Gordon" with stories from The New 52 to today! I leave you tonight with an account edit showcasing many (but not all) characters who have donned the mantle of the Batman, original art by illustrator Dragos Dragan! We have Jean-Paul Valley who became Azrael Batman in Batman (Vol 1) 489 in 1993 during the 'Knightfall' and 'Knightquest' saga, Terry McGinnis who became our future Batman in the animated television series "Batman Beyond" which began airing in 1999, Damian Wayne (Bruce Wayne's son) who is envisioned as the Dark Knight in a hellish world in Grant Morrison's Batman (Vol 1) 666 from 2007, Thomas Wayne (Bruce Wayne's father) who is a lethal Batman after witnessing the death of his son in Geoff Johns' 2011 arc "Flashpoint", David Zavimbe who became Batwing aka "The Batman of Africa" part of Grant Morrison's "Batman Incorporated" series in 2011, Dick Grayson who once again is Batman but in Earth 2, part of The New 52 reboot, primarily in the pages of "Earth 2: World's End" and "Convergence" in 2014, James Gordon who took up the mantle as Batman after Bruce Wayne's apparent death Scott Snyder and Greg Capullo's arc 'Batman: End Game' in 2015 and the original Batman, Bruce Wayne, back donning the cape and cowl in DC Rebirth! Who is your favorite figure to become the Dark Knight? As always, thanks for following and all of the constant support on and off of Instagram, it is greatly appreciated! Have a great night and we will have more History of the Batman tomorrow. Remember Gothamites, it's all about Peace, Love and Batman! [Check out more of this artist's work : dragand.deviantart.com]✌🏼❤🦇: Jean-Paul Valley Terry McGinnis Damian Wayne Thomas Wayne Flashpoint Batman 666 Azrael Batman Batman Beyond HISTORY OF THE BATMAN David Zavimbe Dick Grayson James Gordon Bruce Wayne Earth 2 Batwing Convergence Rebirth HIST8RYoF THE BATMA Good Knight Gothamites! This week we will conclude "50 Tales for 50 Years: A Celebration of Barbara Gordon" with stories from The New 52 to today! I leave you tonight with an account edit showcasing many (but not all) characters who have donned the mantle of the Batman, original art by illustrator Dragos Dragan! We have Jean-Paul Valley who became Azrael Batman in Batman (Vol 1) 489 in 1993 during the 'Knightfall' and 'Knightquest' saga, Terry McGinnis who became our future Batman in the animated television series "Batman Beyond" which began airing in 1999, Damian Wayne (Bruce Wayne's son) who is envisioned as the Dark Knight in a hellish world in Grant Morrison's Batman (Vol 1) 666 from 2007, Thomas Wayne (Bruce Wayne's father) who is a lethal Batman after witnessing the death of his son in Geoff Johns' 2011 arc "Flashpoint", David Zavimbe who became Batwing aka "The Batman of Africa" part of Grant Morrison's "Batman Incorporated" series in 2011, Dick Grayson who once again is Batman but in Earth 2, part of The New 52 reboot, primarily in the pages of "Earth 2: World's End" and "Convergence" in 2014, James Gordon who took up the mantle as Batman after Bruce Wayne's apparent death Scott Snyder and Greg Capullo's arc 'Batman: End Game' in 2015 and the original Batman, Bruce Wayne, back donning the cape and cowl in DC Rebirth! Who is your favorite figure to become the Dark Knight? As always, thanks for following and all of the constant support on and off of Instagram, it is greatly appreciated! Have a great night and we will have more History of the Batman tomorrow. Remember Gothamites, it's all about Peace, Love and Batman! [Check out more of this artist's work : dragand.deviantart.com]✌🏼❤🦇
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My heaviest, I weighed in at 120kgs 😬 (this was at the beginning of 2013) and it was around that time that I made some changes and decided to try and drop some weight-little did I know how far I would come! I significantly reduced my calorie intake and portion sizes and cut out all fast food and alcohol. I began to exercise regularly (mostly cardio to begin with) and to be honest, my body responded way quicker that what I ever expected. by August of the same year I had lost 40kgs 👊🏼 way more than I ever thought I could lose or was hoping to lose. throughout these 7 months I stuck to clean, whole foods and kept training, there were NO supplements, tablets or quick fixes-I worked hard! my motivation was the weight loss I was seeing along with peoples amazing reactions and compliments, and of course fitting into normal clothes! I began to incorporate crossfit and weight based functional training along with cardio and it took me a total of 18months (around June 2014) to reach my lowest weight, which was 65.4kgs-a loss of 54.6kgs (but let's just call it 55kgs 😂) since then, I have successfully kept the weight off and due to muscle gain and a more balanced lifestyle, I am now sitting at around 70-75kgs👌 By sharing my story, I really want people to see that it is achievable! I never set out to lose 55kgs, I honestly thought I would struggle to get under 100kgs, so don't stop. I am still working on my body and honestly don't know if I will ever be content, but I sure know that I am so proud of what I have achieved and especially of maintaining such a huge weight loss. . Thank you all for supporting my journey and reminding me of how far I've come 👏🏼 @dedikated_lifestyle . . Follow @great_weightloss_inspirations for inspiring stories, tips, humor and a possible feature💞 . . Tag someone, share and motivate!: G. My heaviest, I weighed in at 120kgs 😬 (this was at the beginning of 2013) and it was around that time that I made some changes and decided to try and drop some weight-little did I know how far I would come! I significantly reduced my calorie intake and portion sizes and cut out all fast food and alcohol. I began to exercise regularly (mostly cardio to begin with) and to be honest, my body responded way quicker that what I ever expected. by August of the same year I had lost 40kgs 👊🏼 way more than I ever thought I could lose or was hoping to lose. throughout these 7 months I stuck to clean, whole foods and kept training, there were NO supplements, tablets or quick fixes-I worked hard! my motivation was the weight loss I was seeing along with peoples amazing reactions and compliments, and of course fitting into normal clothes! I began to incorporate crossfit and weight based functional training along with cardio and it took me a total of 18months (around June 2014) to reach my lowest weight, which was 65.4kgs-a loss of 54.6kgs (but let's just call it 55kgs 😂) since then, I have successfully kept the weight off and due to muscle gain and a more balanced lifestyle, I am now sitting at around 70-75kgs👌 By sharing my story, I really want people to see that it is achievable! I never set out to lose 55kgs, I honestly thought I would struggle to get under 100kgs, so don't stop. I am still working on my body and honestly don't know if I will ever be content, but I sure know that I am so proud of what I have achieved and especially of maintaining such a huge weight loss. . Thank you all for supporting my journey and reminding me of how far I've come 👏🏼 @dedikated_lifestyle . . Follow @great_weightloss_inspirations for inspiring stories, tips, humor and a possible feature💞 . . Tag someone, share and motivate!

My heaviest, I weighed in at 120kgs 😬 (this was at the beginning of 2013) and it was around that time that I made some changes and decide...

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<p><a href="http://calvinistbrony.tumblr.com/post/139317324818/proudblackconservative-jewishpolitics" class="tumblr_blog">calvinistbrony</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/139315942199">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://jewishpolitics.tumblr.com/post/139314571098">jewishpolitics</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kyssthis16.tumblr.com/post/139266881035">kyssthis16</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://giwatafiya.tumblr.com/post/139262260597">giwatafiya</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://cultural-dzerzhinskyism.tumblr.com/post/139256319263">cultural-dzerzhinskyism</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>This is the best thing ever written</p> </blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="281" data-orig-width="500"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/a0786469cee09c0fe479d99aa2b26071/tumblr_inline_o2iiedyBuU1t9h07z_540.jpg" data-orig-height="281" data-orig-width="500"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂</p> </blockquote> <p>Cause that’s not obnoxious and a little racist or anything.</p> </blockquote> <p>Get it?! Because wishing someone dead for believing differently is absolutely hilarious! Lololololol slay! 😂😂😂😂😂😑👋🏾👋🏾👋🏾💯💯💯💯💯</p> </blockquote> <p>I wonder if any of these people loudly proclaiming their intellectual superiority to Justice Clarence Thomas on the internet would have a clue what the doctrine of incorporation is and how Thomas, not Scalia, is the one who correctly articulated that any individual rights from the bill or rights incorporated into the 14th ammendment could only be individual rights. Otherwise, powers of congress would also be incorporated into the 14th amendment.<br/><br/>Oh wait, that’d require A) reading something more substantial than memes on the internet, and B) not being such a bigot that you’ve convinced yourself that Clarence Thomas is the devil as an unquestionable doctrine of your progressive religious faith.<br/><br/>I CANNOT wait to write my children’s book on the life and scholarship of Clarence Thomas.<br/></p></blockquote> <p>&ldquo;Hurr durr Uncle Tom hurr muh internalized racism doh&rdquo;</p><p>Honestly these numb nuts don&rsquo;t know shit about Clarence Thomas.</p>: Antonin Scalia found dead Mrs. Betty Bowers, America's Best Christian This would be an excellent day for Justice Clarence Thomas to continue his tradition of just doing whatever Justice Scalia does. Just now Unlike6 Reply <p><a href="http://calvinistbrony.tumblr.com/post/139317324818/proudblackconservative-jewishpolitics" class="tumblr_blog">calvinistbrony</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/139315942199">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://jewishpolitics.tumblr.com/post/139314571098">jewishpolitics</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kyssthis16.tumblr.com/post/139266881035">kyssthis16</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://giwatafiya.tumblr.com/post/139262260597">giwatafiya</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://cultural-dzerzhinskyism.tumblr.com/post/139256319263">cultural-dzerzhinskyism</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>This is the best thing ever written</p> </blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="281" data-orig-width="500"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/a0786469cee09c0fe479d99aa2b26071/tumblr_inline_o2iiedyBuU1t9h07z_540.jpg" data-orig-height="281" data-orig-width="500"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂</p> </blockquote> <p>Cause that’s not obnoxious and a little racist or anything.</p> </blockquote> <p>Get it?! Because wishing someone dead for believing differently is absolutely hilarious! Lololololol slay! 😂😂😂😂😂😑👋🏾👋🏾👋🏾💯💯💯💯💯</p> </blockquote> <p>I wonder if any of these people loudly proclaiming their intellectual superiority to Justice Clarence Thomas on the internet would have a clue what the doctrine of incorporation is and how Thomas, not Scalia, is the one who correctly articulated that any individual rights from the bill or rights incorporated into the 14th ammendment could only be individual rights. Otherwise, powers of congress would also be incorporated into the 14th amendment.<br/><br/>Oh wait, that’d require A) reading something more substantial than memes on the internet, and B) not being such a bigot that you’ve convinced yourself that Clarence Thomas is the devil as an unquestionable doctrine of your progressive religious faith.<br/><br/>I CANNOT wait to write my children’s book on the life and scholarship of Clarence Thomas.<br/></p></blockquote> <p>&ldquo;Hurr durr Uncle Tom hurr muh internalized racism doh&rdquo;</p><p>Honestly these numb nuts don&rsquo;t know shit about Clarence Thomas.</p>
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endeavorist: “Part of being a scientist is you don’t want to believe there is a problem you can’t solve.” – Dr. Michael Mann is the Distinguished Professor of Meteorology at Penn State University and holds joint appointments in the Department of Geosciences and the Earth and Environmental Systems Institute. Mann is also the director of Penn State’s Earth System Science Center, authored over 170 peer-reviewed papers, and most notably, he co-authored the study which established the iconic “hockey stick graph,” a reconstruction of global climate communicating a general cooling trend over the last 1,000 years broken by an abrupt and precipitous spike that began in 1900. In the face of a nearly unanimous consensus on human-induced climate change, a rapidly warming planet, and data which not only revalidates these realities, but informs us that the change is occurring faster than our best models forecasted, the general public largely hears conflated opinions and biased assessments via the news media which either dull down the reality of climate change, or outright deny its existence.  According to the National Climatic Data Center, the world just saw its warmest winter ever…except for in one spot in the north Atlantic ocean (the deepest blue color above), which set a record for cold. Which is not good. (Credit: WashPost; NCDC) But what about the actual scientists and researchers studying our warming planet meticulously from the sea, ground, sky, and space? Let’s clarify what kind of science this is comprised of. Climate change/global warming data is determined and monitored amongst the collaboration of the following fields:  Earth science or geoscience (also considered to be a branch of planetary science) which studies the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. Earth scientists use tools from physics, chemistry, biology, chronology, and mathematics to build a quantitative understanding of how the Earth system works.  Atmospheric science is comprised of meteorology, which includes atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric physics (focused on weather forecasting); climatology, which studies the atmospheric changes (long and short-term) that define average climates and their change over time via natural and anthropogenic climate variability; aeronomy, or, the study of the upper layers of the atmosphere, where dissociation and ionization are vital; and all of these fields encroach into the field of planetary science and the study of the atmospheres of the planets of the solar system. Experimental instruments used in atmospheric sciences include satellites, rocketsondes, radiosondes, weather balloons, and lasers. Oceanography (oceanology and/or marine science) covers a wide range of topics, including marine organisms and ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; as well as fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. The diversity of these topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers merge to further knowledge of the world ocean and understanding of processes within: astronomy, biology,chemistry, climatology, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics. Paleoceanography studies the history of the oceans in the geologic past, which is incorporated here also. Biogeochemistry involves the study of the chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes and reactions that govern the composition of the natural environment (including the biosphere, the cryosphere, the hydrosphere, the pedosphere, the atmosphere, and the lithosphere). In particular, biogeochemistry is the study of the cycles of chemical elements, such as carbon and nitrogen, and their interactions with and incorporation into living things transported through earth scale biological systems in space through time. The field focuses on chemical cycles which are either driven by or have an impact on biological activity. Particular emphasis is placed on the study of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus cycles. Biogeochemistry is a systems science closely related to systems ecology. Weather forecasting - applied to climate science on a more local or regional scale - is the application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere for a given location, which humanity has attempted to predict accurately since the nineteenth century. Forecasts are made by collecting quantitative data about the current state of the atmosphere at a given place and using scientific understanding of atmospheric processes to project how the atmosphere will change. Analog techniques such as the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Northern Annualar Mode (NAM) which is also known as the Arctic oscillation (AO), the Northern Pacific (NP) Index, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO). Climate models are used for a variety of purposes from study of the dynamics of the weather and climate system to projections of future climate. As shown above, to simply appeal to a scapegoat response such as “I’m not a scientist” or “the science isn’t settled” demonstrates quite literally that the person/s putting forth such excuses are not aligning their perspectives with reality.  Read: “I’m Not A Scientist Is A Dangerous Cop-Out” (Slate) In Esquire’s editorial piece with Jason Box, a topic seldom covered by the world press is brought into clearer view. ‘When the End of Human Civilization Is Your Day Job’ interviews several scientists, discussing the psychologically taxing demand of working so closely with a field in which the data and forecast predictions read like a scene from a Hollywood disaster movie.  And in the midst of a time when denial of evidence from legislative representatives in the U.S. who continually ignore our humanity’s biggest survival threat and fossil fuel-funded think tanks disseminate misinformation out to the public and through the halls of the U.S. Congress, it’s becoming increasingly difficult - to say the least - for reality to trump corporate influence. Former street artist Banksy created this piece of visual activism near the Oval bridge in Camden, north London. Credit: The Guardian; Zak Hussein/PA Box doesn’t mince words. From the esquire interview:  “We need the deniers to get out of the way. They are risking everyone’s future…. The Koch Brothers are criminals…. They should be charged with criminal activity because they’re putting the profits of their business ahead of the livelihoods of millions of people, and even life on earth. It’s unethical to bankrupt the environment of this planet…that’s a tragedy, right? But I—I—I’m not letting it get to me. If I spend my energy on despair, I won’t be thinking about opportunities to minimize the problem.” That last statement resonates deeply with us here at endeavorist. “…thinking about opportunities to minimize the problem” are precisely what Endeavorist.org allows for when utilizing every facet of the network’s utilities. Jumpstart the accumulation of additional funds to increase the $25 base fund for a Grant that can be awarded to a researcher who applies for it, helping them to fund a specific aspect of their research. Launch a Research Campaign and crowdfund the finances necessary to aid in a research project. Post a Call To Action for field work assistance, surveys, focus groups. We created Endeavorist to be accessible to everyone so that an ongoing network is developed out of a need to collaborate across all areas of science.  There’s never been a timely and frankly, a more dire era in the history of our civilization, for a combined effort on the problems that require our best efforts forward, together. Endeavorist meets these needs by providing a place which encourages cooperation where a person or team can communicate beyond time zones, borders, or the claustrophobic confines of government bureaucracy to tackle important challenges.  Join Endeavorist, and together, we can #freescience. Recommended: ‘Dr. Michael Mann Talks Climate Denial 101, NASA, and False Prophets’ (Planet Experts); ‘Global Warming is Settled Science’ (ScienceBlogs); ‘The world’s most famous climate scientist just outlined an alarming scenario for our planet’s future’ (WashPost)  Watch: ‘Climate Science: What You Need To Know’ & ‘Why People Don’t Believe In Climate Science’ (pbsdigitalstudios + jtotheizzoe) Photographs by Nick Cobbing : endeavorist: “Part of being a scientist is you don’t want to believe there is a problem you can’t solve.” – Dr. Michael Mann is the Distinguished Professor of Meteorology at Penn State University and holds joint appointments in the Department of Geosciences and the Earth and Environmental Systems Institute. Mann is also the director of Penn State’s Earth System Science Center, authored over 170 peer-reviewed papers, and most notably, he co-authored the study which established the iconic “hockey stick graph,” a reconstruction of global climate communicating a general cooling trend over the last 1,000 years broken by an abrupt and precipitous spike that began in 1900. In the face of a nearly unanimous consensus on human-induced climate change, a rapidly warming planet, and data which not only revalidates these realities, but informs us that the change is occurring faster than our best models forecasted, the general public largely hears conflated opinions and biased assessments via the news media which either dull down the reality of climate change, or outright deny its existence.  According to the National Climatic Data Center, the world just saw its warmest winter ever…except for in one spot in the north Atlantic ocean (the deepest blue color above), which set a record for cold. Which is not good. (Credit: WashPost; NCDC) But what about the actual scientists and researchers studying our warming planet meticulously from the sea, ground, sky, and space? Let’s clarify what kind of science this is comprised of. Climate change/global warming data is determined and monitored amongst the collaboration of the following fields:  Earth science or geoscience (also considered to be a branch of planetary science) which studies the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. Earth scientists use tools from physics, chemistry, biology, chronology, and mathematics to build a quantitative understanding of how the Earth system works.  Atmospheric science is comprised of meteorology, which includes atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric physics (focused on weather forecasting); climatology, which studies the atmospheric changes (long and short-term) that define average climates and their change over time via natural and anthropogenic climate variability; aeronomy, or, the study of the upper layers of the atmosphere, where dissociation and ionization are vital; and all of these fields encroach into the field of planetary science and the study of the atmospheres of the planets of the solar system. Experimental instruments used in atmospheric sciences include satellites, rocketsondes, radiosondes, weather balloons, and lasers. Oceanography (oceanology and/or marine science) covers a wide range of topics, including marine organisms and ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; as well as fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. The diversity of these topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers merge to further knowledge of the world ocean and understanding of processes within: astronomy, biology,chemistry, climatology, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics. Paleoceanography studies the history of the oceans in the geologic past, which is incorporated here also. Biogeochemistry involves the study of the chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes and reactions that govern the composition of the natural environment (including the biosphere, the cryosphere, the hydrosphere, the pedosphere, the atmosphere, and the lithosphere). In particular, biogeochemistry is the study of the cycles of chemical elements, such as carbon and nitrogen, and their interactions with and incorporation into living things transported through earth scale biological systems in space through time. The field focuses on chemical cycles which are either driven by or have an impact on biological activity. Particular emphasis is placed on the study of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus cycles. Biogeochemistry is a systems science closely related to systems ecology. Weather forecasting - applied to climate science on a more local or regional scale - is the application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere for a given location, which humanity has attempted to predict accurately since the nineteenth century. Forecasts are made by collecting quantitative data about the current state of the atmosphere at a given place and using scientific understanding of atmospheric processes to project how the atmosphere will change. Analog techniques such as the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Northern Annualar Mode (NAM) which is also known as the Arctic oscillation (AO), the Northern Pacific (NP) Index, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO). Climate models are used for a variety of purposes from study of the dynamics of the weather and climate system to projections of future climate. As shown above, to simply appeal to a scapegoat response such as “I’m not a scientist” or “the science isn’t settled” demonstrates quite literally that the person/s putting forth such excuses are not aligning their perspectives with reality.  Read: “I’m Not A Scientist Is A Dangerous Cop-Out” (Slate) In Esquire’s editorial piece with Jason Box, a topic seldom covered by the world press is brought into clearer view. ‘When the End of Human Civilization Is Your Day Job’ interviews several scientists, discussing the psychologically taxing demand of working so closely with a field in which the data and forecast predictions read like a scene from a Hollywood disaster movie.  And in the midst of a time when denial of evidence from legislative representatives in the U.S. who continually ignore our humanity’s biggest survival threat and fossil fuel-funded think tanks disseminate misinformation out to the public and through the halls of the U.S. Congress, it’s becoming increasingly difficult - to say the least - for reality to trump corporate influence. Former street artist Banksy created this piece of visual activism near the Oval bridge in Camden, north London. Credit: The Guardian; Zak Hussein/PA Box doesn’t mince words. From the esquire interview:  “We need the deniers to get out of the way. They are risking everyone’s future…. The Koch Brothers are criminals…. They should be charged with criminal activity because they’re putting the profits of their business ahead of the livelihoods of millions of people, and even life on earth. It’s unethical to bankrupt the environment of this planet…that’s a tragedy, right? But I—I—I’m not letting it get to me. If I spend my energy on despair, I won’t be thinking about opportunities to minimize the problem.” That last statement resonates deeply with us here at endeavorist. “…thinking about opportunities to minimize the problem” are precisely what Endeavorist.org allows for when utilizing every facet of the network’s utilities. Jumpstart the accumulation of additional funds to increase the $25 base fund for a Grant that can be awarded to a researcher who applies for it, helping them to fund a specific aspect of their research. Launch a Research Campaign and crowdfund the finances necessary to aid in a research project. Post a Call To Action for field work assistance, surveys, focus groups. We created Endeavorist to be accessible to everyone so that an ongoing network is developed out of a need to collaborate across all areas of science.  There’s never been a timely and frankly, a more dire era in the history of our civilization, for a combined effort on the problems that require our best efforts forward, together. Endeavorist meets these needs by providing a place which encourages cooperation where a person or team can communicate beyond time zones, borders, or the claustrophobic confines of government bureaucracy to tackle important challenges.  Join Endeavorist, and together, we can #freescience. Recommended: ‘Dr. Michael Mann Talks Climate Denial 101, NASA, and False Prophets’ (Planet Experts); ‘Global Warming is Settled Science’ (ScienceBlogs); ‘The world’s most famous climate scientist just outlined an alarming scenario for our planet’s future’ (WashPost)  Watch: ‘Climate Science: What You Need To Know’ & ‘Why People Don’t Believe In Climate Science’ (pbsdigitalstudios + jtotheizzoe) Photographs by Nick Cobbing

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