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America, Donald Trump, and Energy: The New Yorker @NewYorker When the conversation in a meeting turned to gay rights, Donald Trump motioned toward Mike Pence and joked: nyer.cm/dultLH7 NEW YORKER "Don't ask that guy-he wants to hang them all" -Donald Trump, President of the United States 10/16/17, 11:30 AM 4,333 Retweets 3,677 Likes f1rstperson: weavemama: weavemama: so the president joked about committing genocide towards gay people……NO ONE should excuse a comment like this, america is such a backwards nation and there shouldn’t be any denial about it Proof that he actually said this. ANYONE. WHO. VOTED. FOR. THIS. SHOULD. BE. ASHAMED. “Trump thinks Pence is great,” Bannon told me. But, according to a longtime associate, Trump also likes to “let Pence know who’s boss.” A staff member from Trump’s campaign recalls him mocking Pence’s religiosity. He said that, when people met with Trump after stopping by Pence’s office, Trump would ask them, “Did Mike make you pray?” Two sources also recalled Trump needling Pence about his views on abortion and homosexuality. During a meeting with a legal scholar, Trump belittled Pence’s determination to overturn Roe v. Wade. The legal scholar had said that, if the Supreme Court did so, many states would likely legalize abortion on their own. “You see?” Trump asked Pence. “You’ve wasted all this time and energy on it, and it’s not going to end abortion anyway.” When the conversation turned to gay rights, Trump motioned toward Pence and joked, “Don’t ask that guy—he wants to hang them all!” Since this is a really long article here’s the part referencing it for anyone who needs that.

f1rstperson: weavemama: weavemama: so the president joked about committing genocide towards gay people……NO ONE should excuse a comment like...

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Alive, Bad, and Books: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a href="http://notallheremyselfx.tumblr.com/post/158464179876/thewinddrifter-jaksandrow-pinstripebones" class="tumblr_blog">notallheremyselfx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://thewinddrifter.tumblr.com/post/158448142861/jaksandrow-pinstripebones" class="tumblr_blog">thewinddrifter</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://jaksandrow.tumblr.com/post/158440951259/pinstripebones-lesbiananglerfish" class="tumblr_blog">jaksandrow</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://pinstripebones.tumblr.com/post/140723925613">pinstripebones</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://lesbiananglerfish.tumblr.com/post/138089736041">lesbiananglerfish</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://thinkphrontistery.tumblr.com/post/123487961872">thinkphrontistery</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://zzazu.tumblr.com/post/118981453254">zzazu</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://hot-tea-nanako.tumblr.com/post/118978672967">hot-tea-nanako</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://theonewhosawitall.tumblr.com/post/118960164801">theonewhosawitall</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://nerdgirl-to-the-rescue.tumblr.com/post/118934193272">nerdgirl-to-the-rescue</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ohmygil.tumblr.com/post/116243662857">ohmygil</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/post/97269070131">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/post/91744814059">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <b>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></b></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <b>SO ANGRY</b>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="371" data-orig-width="500" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/59f822505f3957ccc7d55ec17aeb8427/tumblr_inline_omuth58mCL1rkz8zy_540.jpg" alt="" data-orig-height="371" data-orig-width="500" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>That graphic grinds my gears every time I see it</p> </blockquote> <p><figure data-orig-width="540" data-orig-height="45" class="tmblr-full" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/0d4ce5342e9fa394c6684833da39c4b3/tumblr_inline_noc2gamyl11rk97aq_540.png"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/6735095640f69d762e11ff645f16d265/tumblr_inline_omuth58c861rkz8zy_540.png" alt="image" data-orig-width="540" data-orig-height="45" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/0d4ce5342e9fa394c6684833da39c4b3/tumblr_inline_noc2gamyl11rk97aq_540.png"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>romans.</p> <p> Julius Caesar to be precise<b> </b><br/></p> </blockquote> <p>Remember this when you’re conquering. Keep the books.</p> </blockquote> <p>THIS HURTS MY HEART SO MUCH EVERY TIME ITS BROUGHT UP<br/></p> </blockquote> <p>Julius Caesar needs to be stabbed for this</p> </blockquote> <p>I know we should totally stab Caesar</p> </blockquote> <p>Does March 15th sound good for everyone??</p> </blockquote> <p>hey everyone, guess what day it is</p> </blockquote> <p>Jesus fucking Christ, no, the burning of the library of Alexandria did not in any way slow down human progress. <b><a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/5t6op5/facts_about_the_library_of_alexandria/ddkr2h6/">It wasn’t the only library to have existed in the world at the time</a>.</b></p> <p><i>“</i><b>Alexandria was hardly the only library in the world, and the libraries at Pergamum and later Rome herself rivaled Alexandria in scale.</b><i> Antony replaced the losses of the fire during the Alexandrine War with copies made from the library at Pergamum, and libraries in gymnasia or simply founded for citizens abound during that period in the Greek world, they’re in like literally every city of any size. </i><br/><br/><i>If anything at all was lost it was almost certainly mainly critical commentaries on various authors, as well as catalogs of their works–both the Alexandrian library and the Pergamene one were famous for producing such commentaries. </i><br/><br/><i>Pretty much everything else of value would have existed elsewhere. It’s possible that a few (at that time probably little-known) philosophical texts might have been lost, but even such texts are likely to have had other copies elsewhere.” </i><br/><br/><b><a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/AskReddit/comments/1olia7/what_was_the_single_biggest_mistake_in_all_of/ccta37u/">Here’s an extensive and well sourced post debunking the utter bullshit myth that the burning of the Library somehow shot human progress back thousands of years</a></b> until the 16th century dragged Europe out of the “Dark Ages”. </p> <p>Which is also a term very few historians use or take seriously anymore because it is, again, based off of inaccurate misconceptions about Medieval history, AS WELL as being an EXTREMELY Eurocentric viewpoint that ignores scientific and scholarly work done in other areas of the world like China and the Middle East.</p> <p>During the so called ‘European Dark Ages’, architecture achieved complexities the Romans could only dream of, the first universities were opened, scholarship was kept alive, metalurgy advanced rapidly. </p> <p><b>There wasn’t ONE renaissance, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_renaissances">there were THREE</a>.</b> The one we think of had it’s roots as far back as the 14th century. They didn’t come out of nowhere, the advancements were built off of work of hundreds of years of work by educated folk from across Euroasia and they fed into one another.</p> <p><b><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medieval_European_scientists">In fact, here’s a handy list of Medieval European scientists, from the 5th to 14th century.</a></b></p> <p>That fucking graph up there is one of the most offensivley bad pseudo-historical memes. It’s so infamous, /r/BadHistory simply calls it  <b>“The Chart”</b>.</p> <p>Let this fucking bullshit die already.</p> </blockquote> <p>Yes, I was about to rant on this until I got to the end.</p> </blockquote>
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Bailey Jay, Definitely, and Dicks: SHE SAYS IT WON'T HAPPEN AGAIN. There's no shame in eing a victim Real women don't abuse men. October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month 53% of DV victims are MEN. 70% of DV is initiated by women. <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://dickslapthestate.tumblr.com/post/133609851945">dickslapthestate</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://harmonic-motion.tumblr.com/post/133286244255">harmonic-motion</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://mistletoe-fucker.tumblr.com/post/132734309050">mistletoe-fucker</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://socialjusticeprincesses.tumblr.com/post/132723223657">socialjusticeprincesses</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ima-fuckingt4ble.tumblr.com/post/132687199941">ima-fuckingt4ble</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ranting-rose.tumblr.com/post/132651033100">ranting-rose</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://dickslapthestate.tumblr.com/post/132641637050">dickslapthestate</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ranting-rose.tumblr.com/post/132638131310">ranting-rose</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ittybittykittykisses.tumblr.com/post/132627955912">ittybittykittykisses</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ranting-rose.tumblr.com/post/132624312820">ranting-rose</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://vgcgraveyard.tumblr.com/post/132519645379">vgcgraveyard</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://caitallolovesyou.tumblr.com/post/122683085432">caitallolovesyou</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://friendly-neighborhood-patriarch.tumblr.com/post/122674896767">friendly-neighborhood-patriarch</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://lazyhat.tumblr.com/post/100485092940">lazyhat</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>I was pretty skeptical about the figures, since they contradict what I usually hear on the media, so I did a little research. Here’s what I found: <br/>(Sorry this is so US centric) <br/>(I’ll also try to stay close to primary sources as possible)</p> <p>(<a href="http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss6308a1.htm?s_cid=ss6308a1_e">http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss6308a1.htm?s_cid=ss6308a1_e</a>)</p> <p><b>- the 12 months before taking the survey, an estimated 4.0% of women experienced some form of physical violence by an intimate partner<br/></b><b>-an estimated 14.2% of women experienced some form of psychological aggression in the 12 months preceding the survey.<br/></b><b>-*4,774,000 women have been victims of physical violence by intimate partner in the 12 months preceding the survey<br/></b><b>-*17,091,000 women have been victims of psychological aggression by intimate partner in the 12 months preceding the survey</b></p> <p><b>- the 12 months before taking the survey, an estimated 4.8% of men experienced some form of physical violence by an intimate partner<br/></b><b>-an estimated 18.0% of men experienced some form of psychological aggression in the 12 months preceding the survey.<br/></b><b>-*5,452,000 men have been victims of physical violence by intimate partner in the 12 months preceding the survey<br/></b><b>-*20,471,000 men have been victims of psychological aggression by intimate partner in the 12 months preceding the survey</b></p> <p>*Table 6</p> <p>By the data presented by the Center for Disease Control, out of the estimate of 10,226,000 yearly victims of intimate partner violence, 53.3% of victims where male and 46.6% were female. As for psychological aggression, out of the estimate of 37,562,000 yearly victims, 54.4% were male and 45.5% were female. These statistics would support the claim made in the bottom left.</p> <p>Now I couldn’t find a primary source for the 70% of DV is initiated by women, but here’s the facts that I found, which may have been interpreted by the people who made this poster:</p> <p>(<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/glenn-sacks/researcher-says-womens-in_b_222746.html">http://www.huffingtonpost.com/glenn-sacks/researcher-says-womens-in_b_222746.html</a>)<br/>-Women who were in a battered women’s shelter, 67% of the women reported severe violence toward their partner in the past year.</p> <p>This can be interpreted as “67% of violent couples with IPV is mutual”. But then again, primary sources and full data would be helpful to back up this claim.</p> <p>But the one that is most interesting is:(<a href="http://psychnews.psychiatryonline.org/newsArticle.aspx?articleid=111137">http://psychnews.psychiatryonline.org/newsArticle.aspx?articleid=111137</a>)(Another report analysis from the CDC)</p> <p>-23.9% of relationships are violent<br/>-50.3% of IPV is non-reciprocal and 49.7% is reciprocal (Reciprocal IPV= Mutual violence)<br/>-70.7% of non-reciprocal IPV is initiated by women. </p> <p>So summing up the numbers, it’s not that 70% of all DV is initiated by women, its that 70% of non-reciprocal DV is initiated by women. To go further would say that 49.7% of DV is mutual, 36.2% of DV is initiated by women, and 14.5% of DV is initiated by men</p> </blockquote> <p>Male victims of domestic violence are real. They are hurting. And they often don’t get the attention and compassion they so urgently deserve and need.</p> <p>Have a heart. Open your mind, and give a care.</p> </blockquote> <p>Hm. These numbers are all so different to anything I’ve seen before. I’m reblogging and liking this both for my own reference and to spread these numbers to others. I’m definitely gonna look into this and see if I can find more sources and more information.</p> </blockquote> <p>Mother fuckers can we all just say let’s not be dicks to our fucking love ones already?</p> </blockquote> <p>Tagging this for my speech project that I need the sources for</p> </blockquote> <p><a href="http://web.csulb.edu/~mfiebert/assault.htm">Here are 221 studies on IPV / DV for y’all.</a></p> </blockquote> <p>You are a life saver.</p> </blockquote> <p>That list is good, but outdated.  I e-mailed the researcher who compiled that list a couple weeks ago and he gave me three different documents.  <a href="https://www.dropbox.com/sh/ivtjidsoveshau6/AADPQ8g7F-7YQV8h12PQ0HA5a?dl=0">I uploaded them to this dropbox folder.</a> You can go there and download them.</p> <p>The list of studies is now up to <b>343 scholarly investigations</b> (270 empirical studies and 73 reviews). Not only did he send me that list, but he also sent me two meta-studies (also in the dropbox folder).  One is on male/female <b>perpetration</b> rates and the other is on male/female <b>victimization</b> rates. </p> <p>There is also “<a href="http://www.domesticviolenceresearch.org/pdf/PASK.Tables3.Revised.pdf"><b>Rates of Bi-directional versus Uni-directional Intimate Partner Violence Across Samples, Sexual Orientations, and Race/Ethnicities: A Comprehensive Review</b></a>“. <b> </b>It’s a mouthful to be sure. Basically this study took the data from 48 other empirical studies, collated the data, placed it online for public viewing, submitted it for peer review, and was found to be accurate. </p> <p>It’s findings basically wind down to this:</p> <ul><li>84% of relationships are non-violent</li> <li>58% of relationships that are violent, both partners abuse the other.</li> <li>28% of violent relationships only the woman is violent</li> <li>14% of violent relationships only the man is violent.</li> </ul><p>This is featured <a href="http://www.domesticviolenceresearch.org/"><b>Partner Abuse State of Knowledge Project </b>website</a> and is part of a much larger DV research project.  You can read<a href="http://www.domesticviolenceresearch.org/pages/12_page_findings.htm"> the summarized findings here</a> or take a gander at the <a href="http://www.domesticviolenceresearch.org/pdf/Overviewof%20Findings.Dec.7.pdf">full 61-page review</a>.  This is a compilation of the research of Erin Pizzey, Murray Strauss, Don Dutton, and many others who are challenging the feminist model of patriarchal dominance. They also have <a href="http://www.domesticviolenceresearch.org/pages/video_presentations.htm">some videos that are very informative as well</a>.</p> <p>Murray Strauss also compiled: <b><a href="http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mas2/V71-Straus_Thirty-Years-Denying-Evidence-PV_10.pdf">Thirty Years of Denying the Evidence on Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence: Implications for Prevention and Treatment</a>. </b> A report detailing the existence of over 200 studies showing gender symmetry in victimization rates. Studies that show symmetry going as far back as 1975.  He also examines the methods feminist researchers have used to suppress the evidence from public discourse, hence the title “Thirty Years of Denying the Evidence”.</p> <p>Two other excellent and brief videos on the topic come from the <a href="https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAlVRoYjDbgLx7j6O2N8-2g">MenAreGood YouTube channel</a>:</p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5lHmCN3MBMI"> Male Victims of Domestic Violence - The Hidden Story</a><br/></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKXVcUSBKH4"> Bias Against Men and Boys in Mental Health Research</a> <br/></p> <p>I really need to write up a solo reference post for domestic violence data…</p> </blockquote> <p>You are also a life saver.</p> </blockquote> <p>This is so important</p> </blockquote> <p>Reblogging since this is a huge list of scholarly sources. Am poking through some of these and it’s a fucking huge list.<br/></p> <p>- Mod Kuzco<br/></p> </blockquote> <p>this is very important, so i’m abstaining from fallout for a bit to bring this to everyone’s attention.</p> </blockquote> <p>Coincidentally, I was reading earlier today that most men who are repeated victims of abuse learn NOT to call the police because THEY’Re usually the ones who end up being arrested.</p> </blockquote> <p><a href="https://www.nationalparentsorganization.org/blog/3972-researcher-what-hap-3972">This is true.  It’s actually been studied before and this was the result:</a></p> <blockquote><p>The men in the survey who called the police found them to be “very helpful” in only 19% of cases, and “not at all helpful” in 50% of cases. More importantly, when an abused man called the police, the police were more likely to arrest him than to arrest his abusive female partner. <b>The men who called the police were arrested in 26% of cases</b>, whereas <b>their abusive partners were arrested in only 17%</b>. Half the time the police arrested nobody, despite the abuse, and in 8% of the cases they arrested both the abuser and the victim.<b> In those cases where the police did identify the abused man’s female partner as the aggressor, in 29% of cases, they refused to arrest the abusive woman. In 39% of these cases they said that there was nothing they could do and left. </b></p></blockquote> </blockquote>
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Ass, Definitely, and Dicks: THESE WHITE MEN ARE DANGEROUS. <p><a href="http://jilllliian.tumblr.com/post/118333692100/proudblackconservative-jilllliian" class="tumblr_blog">jilllliian</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/118332692539/jilllliian-kaiserlouis-philipv-johnvaljohn" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://jilllliian.tumblr.com/post/118331072215/kaiserlouis-philipv-johnvaljohn" class="tumblr_blog">jilllliian</a>:</p><blockquote><p><a href="http://kaiserlouis-philipv.tumblr.com/post/118321044483/johnvaljohn-proudblackconservative" class="tumblr_blog">kaiserlouis-philipv</a>:</p><blockquote><p><a href="http://johnvaljohn.tumblr.com/post/118320986577/proudblackconservative-insomnia-core" class="tumblr_blog">johnvaljohn</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/118320585289/insomnia-core-proudblackconservative" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://insomnia-core.tumblr.com/post/118319996634/proudblackconservative-insomnia-core" class="tumblr_blog">insomnia-core</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/118310142564/insomnia-core-proudblackconservative" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://insomnia-core.tumblr.com/post/118301024559/proudblackconservative-tayalldaynyc" class="tumblr_blog">insomnia-core</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/118292518524/tayalldaynyc-theuppitynegras-world-history" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://tayalldaynyc.tumblr.com/post/49009734026/theuppitynegras-world-history-in-one" class="tumblr_blog">tayalldaynyc</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://theuppitynegras.tumblr.com/post/48987728549/world-history" class="tumblr_blog">theuppitynegras</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>world history</p> </blockquote> <p>In one sentence</p> </blockquote> <p>Oh right, because white people are definitely the only ones who ever waged a war and it’s totally not like Native American tribes were warring with each other all the time. Do you guys try to be this completely clueless or does it just come naturally?</p></blockquote> <p>There’s a difference between declaring war and bringing war.</p></blockquote> <p>What the hell difference would that be? Oh let me guess “One of them we get to blame on white people”.</p></blockquote> <p>Fuckin, declaring is asking. Small pocks in blankets is sabotage. Don’t call anyone an idiot. Face the facts of history jfc get out of your own ass.</p></blockquote> <p>You’re an idiot if you think anyone “asks” for war. And a huge percentage of the native population had already died of disease long before the Europeans came over, so it sounds like you’re the one needs to brush up on your history dear :)</p></blockquote> <p>also they’re ignoring the fact that the natives also had horrible wars, and imperialist powers (aztecs and incans come to mind)<br/></p></blockquote> <p>Also don’t tell them lots of Native tribes willingly helped Cortez overthrow the Aztecs because they were kind of dicks.<br/></p></blockquote> Fuck you <a href="http://tmblr.co/mZHrjydhp9oUbxMGBDJA8rw">proudblackconservative</a> where exactly are you getting the idea that most of the indigenous people died before the Europeans showed up??? Have you read about the trail of tears? Blankets with small pox? Tuberculosis in the northern communities? Because these all happened after contact and lowered the populations of indigenous peoples. Or how about forced sterilization of indigenous women, residential schools, forced assimilation, the 60s scoop, the Indian Act? You know I’m here for giving credit where credit is due and this one goes right to the white people. Deal with it, because we still deal with the effects of the above (which doesn’t even begin to scratch the surface). So please try to quell your natural urge to be this completely clueless (to use your words :)) and read a fucking book before you try to assert your (incorrect) opinion about a group of people you don’t belong to.</blockquote> <p>Ok, I’m going to give you something you’re probably unaccustomed to. Reality:</p><p>“There is scholarly dissent to the theory that the outbreaks of smallpox may have been by the intentional spreading of disease, for example the allegations of smallpox-infested blankets being intentionally given to Native Americans in 1763 at the Siege of Fort Pitt.[10] The outbreaks that occurred specifically in this region may have resulted from sporadic cases already occurring amongst Indians rather than from this scenario.[9] Historians also say that though blankets containing smallpox may have been distributed to Native Americans by the Europeans, they may have been given with good will and intentions, instead of for the purpose of disseminating disease. Additionally, scholars such as Gregory Dowd, are of the opinion that disease was spread by Native Americans returning from battling infected Europeans. Therefore it may have been carried by Native Americans to their own people and spread.[11] Europeans lack of understanding of basic germ theory until proven by Pasteur in 1865, can preclude a thoughtful and systematic use of infected blankets as a weapon.”</p><p>For further info and access to supporting links, go to: <a href="http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_disease_and_epidemics">http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_disease_and_epidemics</a> Also: <a href="http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/smallpox.html">http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/smallpox.html</a> </p><p>Next please.</p></blockquote> <p>You’re focusing on 1 of the 7 facts I brought up about the decrease of indigenous population. What about the other 6? got anything to say against those? Or how about that you aren’t even fighting my original point that this was caused by white people. Backed into a corner and clinging to whatever you can.</p></blockquote> <p>Actually no, I&rsquo;m not. Did you even read the links? Smallpox was traced back to an infected African on Spanish ship. I didn&rsquo;t focus on the other six because<br/>A. It can be assumed that you&rsquo;re just as ignorant about those things as you were about first<br/>B. They were never part of the original discussion<br/>You&rsquo;re the one who said something, got proven wrong, and now you want to put on a brave face and act like you&rsquo;re on top. Keep dreaming.</p>
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Ass, Definitely, and Dicks: THESE WHITE MEN ARE DANGEROUS. <p><a href="http://jilllliian.tumblr.com/post/118331072215/kaiserlouis-philipv-johnvaljohn" class="tumblr_blog">jilllliian</a>:</p><blockquote><p><a href="http://kaiserlouis-philipv.tumblr.com/post/118321044483/johnvaljohn-proudblackconservative" class="tumblr_blog">kaiserlouis-philipv</a>:</p><blockquote><p><a href="http://johnvaljohn.tumblr.com/post/118320986577/proudblackconservative-insomnia-core" class="tumblr_blog">johnvaljohn</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/118320585289/insomnia-core-proudblackconservative" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://insomnia-core.tumblr.com/post/118319996634/proudblackconservative-insomnia-core" class="tumblr_blog">insomnia-core</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/118310142564/insomnia-core-proudblackconservative" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://insomnia-core.tumblr.com/post/118301024559/proudblackconservative-tayalldaynyc" class="tumblr_blog">insomnia-core</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/118292518524/tayalldaynyc-theuppitynegras-world-history" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://tayalldaynyc.tumblr.com/post/49009734026/theuppitynegras-world-history-in-one" class="tumblr_blog">tayalldaynyc</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://theuppitynegras.tumblr.com/post/48987728549/world-history" class="tumblr_blog">theuppitynegras</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>world history</p> </blockquote> <p>In one sentence</p> </blockquote> <p>Oh right, because white people are definitely the only ones who ever waged a war and it’s totally not like Native American tribes were warring with each other all the time. Do you guys try to be this completely clueless or does it just come naturally?</p></blockquote> <p>There’s a difference between declaring war and bringing war.</p></blockquote> <p>What the hell difference would that be? Oh let me guess “One of them we get to blame on white people”.</p></blockquote> <p>Fuckin, declaring is asking. Small pocks in blankets is sabotage. Don’t call anyone an idiot. Face the facts of history jfc get out of your own ass.</p></blockquote> <p>You’re an idiot if you think anyone “asks” for war. And a huge percentage of the native population had already died of disease long before the Europeans came over, so it sounds like you’re the one needs to brush up on your history dear :)</p></blockquote> <p>also they’re ignoring the fact that the natives also had horrible wars, and imperialist powers (aztecs and incans come to mind)<br/></p></blockquote> <p>Also don’t tell them lots of Native tribes willingly helped Cortez overthrow the Aztecs because they were kind of dicks.<br/></p></blockquote> Fuck you <a href="http://tmblr.co/mZHrjydhp9oUbxMGBDJA8rw">proudblackconservative</a> where exactly are you getting the idea that most of the indigenous people died before the Europeans showed up??? Have you read about the trail of tears? Blankets with small pox? Tuberculosis in the northern communities? Because these all happened after contact and lowered the populations of indigenous peoples. Or how about forced sterilization of indigenous women, residential schools, forced assimilation, the 60s scoop, the Indian Act? You know I’m here for giving credit where credit is due and this one goes right to the white people. Deal with it, because we still deal with the effects of the above (which doesn’t even begin to scratch the surface). So please try to quell your natural urge to be this completely clueless (to use your words :)) and read a fucking book before you try to assert your (incorrect) opinion about a group of people you don’t belong to.</blockquote> <p>Ok, I’m going to give you something you’re probably unaccustomed to. Reality:</p><p>“There is scholarly dissent to the theory that the outbreaks of smallpox may have been by the intentional spreading of disease, for example the allegations of smallpox-infested blankets being intentionally given to Native Americans in 1763 at the Siege of Fort Pitt.[10] The outbreaks that occurred specifically in this region may have resulted from sporadic cases already occurring amongst Indians rather than from this scenario.[9] Historians also say that though blankets containing smallpox may have been distributed to Native Americans by the Europeans, they may have been given with good will and intentions, instead of for the purpose of disseminating disease. Additionally, scholars such as Gregory Dowd, are of the opinion that disease was spread by Native Americans returning from battling infected Europeans. Therefore it may have been carried by Native Americans to their own people and spread.[11] Europeans lack of understanding of basic germ theory until proven by Pasteur in 1865, can preclude a thoughtful and systematic use of infected blankets as a weapon.”</p><p>For further info and access to supporting links, go to: <a href="http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_disease_and_epidemics">http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_disease_and_epidemics</a> Also: <a href="http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/smallpox.html">http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/smallpox.html</a> </p><p>Next please.</p>
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Books, Church, and Doctor: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p> </blockquote> <p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p> <p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p> <p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p> <p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p> <p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p> <p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p> </blockquote> <p>FYI.</p>

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Books, Church, and Doctor: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p> </blockquote> <p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p> <p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p> <p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p> <p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p> <p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p> <p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p> </blockquote> <p>#getrekt</p>

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