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America, Books, and Deer: MAKE AMERICA AN ENDLESS EXPANSE OF OLD-GROWTH FOREST WITH NO CERTAIN BORDERS AGAIN virulentblog: plaid-flannel: Seen in the window at Gulf of Maine Books in Brunswick, Maine. Photo: Bill Roorbach Except America wasn’t an endless expanse of forest with no certain borders. At least not while human beings inhabited it. The idea that native peoples did not cultivate or shape our land and that we had no borders is white propaganda meant to dehumanize and de-legitimize native peoples. This illustration here show Apalachee people using slash and burn methods for agriculture. Fires were set regularly to intention burn down forests and plains. Why would we do this? Well because an unregulated forest isn’t that great for people, actually. We set fires to destroy new forest growth and undergrowth, and to remove trees, allowing for easier game hunting, nutrient enriched soil, and better growth rates for crops and herbs we used in food and medicine. Pre-Colonial New England, where my tribe the Abenaki are from, looked more like an extensive meadow or savannah with trees growing in pockets and groves. Enough woodland to support birds, deer, and moose, but not too much to make hunting difficult. We carefully shaped the land around us to suit our needs as a thriving and successful people. Slash and burn agriculture was practiced virtually everywhere in the new world, from the pacific coast to chesapeake bay, from panama to quebec. It was a highly successful way of revitalizing the land and promoting crop growth, as well as preventing massive forest fires that thrive in unregulated forests. Berries were the major source of fruit for my tribe, and we needed to burn the undergrowth so they could grow. That changed when white people invaded, and brought with them disease. In my tribe, up to 9 in 10 people died. 90% of our people perished not from violence starvation, but from disease. Entire villages would be decimated, struck down by small pox. Suddenly, we couldn’t care for the land anymore. There weren’t enough of us to maintain a vast, carefully structured ecological system like we had for thousands of years. We didn’t have the numbers, or strength. So the trees grew back and unregulated. We couldn’t set fires anymore, and we couldn’t cultivate the land. And white people would make certain we never could again. Timber, after all, was the most important export from New England.  Endless trees and untamed wilderness is a nice fantasy. But it’s a very white fantasy, one that erases the history of my people and of my land. One that paints native peoples are merely parasites leeching off the land, not masters of the earth who new the right balance of hunting and agriculture. It robs us of our agency as people, and takes our accomplishments from us. Moreover, it implies that only white people ever discovered the power to shape the world around them, and that mere brown people can’t possibly have had anything to do with changing our environment. Don’t bring back untamed wilderness. Bring back my fire setters, my tree sappers, my farmers and my fishers. Bring back my people who were here first.  Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_use_of_fire#Role_of_fire_by_natives https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/fsbdev3_000385.pdf http://www.sidalc.net/repdoc/A11604i/A11604i.pdf For those curious I recommend reading Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists and the Ecology of New England.https://books.google.com/books/about/Changes_in_the_Land.html?id=AHclmuykdBQCprintsec=frontcoversource=kp_read_button#v=onepageqf=false

virulentblog: plaid-flannel: Seen in the window at Gulf of Maine Books in Brunswick, Maine. Photo: Bill Roorbach Except America wasn’t an e...

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Ben Carson, cnn.com, and Empire: Robert Reich 9 hrs G Update for Trump voters 1. He said he wouldn't bomb Syria. You bought it. Then he bombed Syria 2. He said he'd build a wall along the border with Mexico. You bought it. Now his secretary of homeland security says it's unlikely that we will build a wall." 3. He said he'd clean the Washington swamp. You bought it. Then he brought into his administration more billionaires, CEOs, and Wall Street moguls than in any administration in history, to make laws that will enrich their businesses 4. He said he'd repeal Obamacare and replace it with something "wonderful." You bought it. Then he didn't. 5. He said he'd use his business experience to whip the White House into shape. You bought it. Then he created the most chaotic, dysfunctional back-stabbing White House in modern history, in which no one is in charge 6. He said he'd release his tax returns, eventually. You bought it. He hasn't, and says he never will 7. He said he'd divest himself from his financial empire, to avoid any conflicts of interest. You bought it. He remains heavily involved in his businesses, makes money off of foreign dignitaries staying at his Washington hotel, gets China to give the Trump brand trademark and copyright rights, manipulates the stock market on a daily basis, and has more conflicts of interest than can even be counted 8. He said Clinton was in the pockets of Goldman Sachs, and would do whatever they said. You bought it. Then he put half a dozen Goldman Sachs executives in positions of power in his administration 9. He said he'd surround himself with all the best and smartest people. You bought it. Then he put Betsy DeVos, opponent of public education, in charge of education, Jeff Sessions, opponent of the Voting Rights Act, in charge of voting rights, Ben Carson, opponent of the Fair Housing Act, in charge of fair housing, Scott Pruitt, climate change denier, in charge of the Environmental Protection Agency, and Russian quisling Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State 10. He said he'd faithfully execute the law. You bought it. Then he said his predecessor, Barack Obama, spied on him, without any evidence of Obama ever doing so, in order to divert attention from the FBI's investigation into collusion between his campaign and Russian operatives to win the election 11. He said he knew more about strategy and terrorism than the generals did. You bought it. Then he promptly gave the green light to a disastrous raid in Yemen- even though all his generals said it would be a terrible idea This raid resulted in the deaths of a Navy SEAL, an 8-year old American girl, and numerous civilians. The actual target of the raid escaped, and no useful intel was gained 12. He called Barack Obama "the vacationer-in-Chief and accused him of playing more rounds of golf than Tiger Woods. He promised to never be the kind of president who took cushy vacations on the taxpayer's dime, not when there was so much important work to be done. You bought it. He has by now spent more taxpayer money on vacations than Obama did in the first 3 years of his presidency. Not to mention all the money taxpayers are spending protecting his family, including his two sons who travel all over the world on Trump business 13. He called CNN, the Washington Post and the New York Times "fake news" and said they were his enemy. You bought it. Now he gets his information from Fox News, Breitbart, Gateway Pundit, and InfoWars More to come BUT HER EMAILS
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Apple, Bad, and Fall: Organic Apple and Grapefruit Bowl of cereal 0 NGRECIENTS APPLE, CRAPERUT INGREDIENTS: ENRICHED FLOUR (WHEAT FLOUR, NIACIN, REDUCED ROM, THIAMIN MONONITRATE IVITAMIN B1, RIBOFLAVIN VITAMIN FOLIC ACO, CORN SYRUP, SUGAR, SOYEEAN AND PALM OIL (WITH T FOR FRESHNESSI, CORN SYRUP SOLIDS, DEXIROSE, HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRU?, FRUCTOSE, GLYCERIN, CONTAINS 2% OR LESS OF 0000A PROCESSED WITH ALXKALIL POLYDEXTROSE, MCOIFIED CORN STACH SALT DRIED CREAM, CALCIUM CARBONATE, CORNSTARCH, LEAVENING (BAONG SCOA, SODIUM ACID PYROPHOSPHATE, MONOCALCIUM PHOSPHATE CALCUM SULFATEL DISTILLED MONOSLYDERIDES, HYDROGENATED PALM KERNEL L SOOIUM STEAROYL LACTYLATE, GELATIN, COLOR ADOED. SOY LECITHIN, DATEM, NATURAL AND ARTIRCAL FLAVDR VANILLA EXTFACT CARVUBA WAX IANTHAN GUM, VTTAVIN A PALMITATE, YELLON, #5 uKE. RED F4) LAKE, CARAMEL COLOR NIACINAWIDE, BUUE 2 LAKE, RECLCED FLAMN (MTAMN82, THAMIN HYDROCHLORDE (ITN BCITRICACD FOLICAOD, FED 1, YELLOW 5YELLOW6,BLUE ,BLUE Any Questions? -ginl zooophagous: adamygdalam: probablyasocialecologist: dr-archeville: hectocotyli-everywhere: ohnofixit: the-exercist: fitblrholics: If you look at the ingredients list and it’s a bunch of words you don’t even know… neither does your body (x) Just like if you break apples and grapefruit down into their chemical components, I’m willing to bet that most people wouldn’t recognize the “ingredients” either. It’s a bunch of words you don’t even know: External image Don’t use these scare tactics - Chemicals aren’t inherently bad. Literally everything is made up chemicals. Trust me, your body knows what niacin is. It knows how to digest fructose and calcium sulfate. Even if you only consume the most basic and “real” foods that are pulled directly off the vine, you’re still ingesting a series of chemical compounds that you probably can’t pronounce. That’s okay.  thanks to drhoz for submitting! “If you can’t pronounce it, it’s bad for you” is literally the worst pseudo-scientific scaremongering bullshit tactic. I hate it so much. I’m pretty sure you can pronounce “arsenic”, but that doesn’t change the fact that arsenic is highly toxic. On the other hand, you couldn’t pronounce “cycloadenosine monophosphate” or “nicotine-amide-dinucleotide-phosphate”, though both of them serve vital roles in human biochemistry and you would die if your body wouldn’t produce them. Cyanide: Easy to pronounce, very bad for you. Eicosapentaenoic acid: Difficult to pronounce, very good for you. It’s more important to know what the chemicals are and why they’re in there.  Anti-intellectualism helps no one. – James Kennedy, ‘Chemophobia’ is irrational, harmful – and hard to break I’m gonna keep reblogging this until my knuckles fall off. This is especially hilarious because grapefruit is well known for being dangerous for some people because of how it can interact with certain medications. Do fruit loops do that?
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