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Alive, Bad, and Books: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a href="http://notallheremyselfx.tumblr.com/post/158464179876/thewinddrifter-jaksandrow-pinstripebones" class="tumblr_blog">notallheremyselfx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://thewinddrifter.tumblr.com/post/158448142861/jaksandrow-pinstripebones" class="tumblr_blog">thewinddrifter</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://jaksandrow.tumblr.com/post/158440951259/pinstripebones-lesbiananglerfish" class="tumblr_blog">jaksandrow</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://pinstripebones.tumblr.com/post/140723925613">pinstripebones</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://lesbiananglerfish.tumblr.com/post/138089736041">lesbiananglerfish</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://thinkphrontistery.tumblr.com/post/123487961872">thinkphrontistery</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://zzazu.tumblr.com/post/118981453254">zzazu</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://hot-tea-nanako.tumblr.com/post/118978672967">hot-tea-nanako</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://theonewhosawitall.tumblr.com/post/118960164801">theonewhosawitall</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://nerdgirl-to-the-rescue.tumblr.com/post/118934193272">nerdgirl-to-the-rescue</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ohmygil.tumblr.com/post/116243662857">ohmygil</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/post/97269070131">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/post/91744814059">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <b>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></b></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <b>SO ANGRY</b>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="371" data-orig-width="500" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/59f822505f3957ccc7d55ec17aeb8427/tumblr_inline_omuth58mCL1rkz8zy_540.jpg" alt="" data-orig-height="371" data-orig-width="500" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>That graphic grinds my gears every time I see it</p> </blockquote> <p><figure data-orig-width="540" data-orig-height="45" class="tmblr-full" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/0d4ce5342e9fa394c6684833da39c4b3/tumblr_inline_noc2gamyl11rk97aq_540.png"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/6735095640f69d762e11ff645f16d265/tumblr_inline_omuth58c861rkz8zy_540.png" alt="image" data-orig-width="540" data-orig-height="45" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/0d4ce5342e9fa394c6684833da39c4b3/tumblr_inline_noc2gamyl11rk97aq_540.png"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>romans.</p> <p> Julius Caesar to be precise<b> </b><br/></p> </blockquote> <p>Remember this when you’re conquering. Keep the books.</p> </blockquote> <p>THIS HURTS MY HEART SO MUCH EVERY TIME ITS BROUGHT UP<br/></p> </blockquote> <p>Julius Caesar needs to be stabbed for this</p> </blockquote> <p>I know we should totally stab Caesar</p> </blockquote> <p>Does March 15th sound good for everyone??</p> </blockquote> <p>hey everyone, guess what day it is</p> </blockquote> <p>Jesus fucking Christ, no, the burning of the library of Alexandria did not in any way slow down human progress. <b><a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/5t6op5/facts_about_the_library_of_alexandria/ddkr2h6/">It wasn’t the only library to have existed in the world at the time</a>.</b></p> <p><i>“</i><b>Alexandria was hardly the only library in the world, and the libraries at Pergamum and later Rome herself rivaled Alexandria in scale.</b><i> Antony replaced the losses of the fire during the Alexandrine War with copies made from the library at Pergamum, and libraries in gymnasia or simply founded for citizens abound during that period in the Greek world, they’re in like literally every city of any size. </i><br/><br/><i>If anything at all was lost it was almost certainly mainly critical commentaries on various authors, as well as catalogs of their works–both the Alexandrian library and the Pergamene one were famous for producing such commentaries. </i><br/><br/><i>Pretty much everything else of value would have existed elsewhere. It’s possible that a few (at that time probably little-known) philosophical texts might have been lost, but even such texts are likely to have had other copies elsewhere.” </i><br/><br/><b><a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/AskReddit/comments/1olia7/what_was_the_single_biggest_mistake_in_all_of/ccta37u/">Here’s an extensive and well sourced post debunking the utter bullshit myth that the burning of the Library somehow shot human progress back thousands of years</a></b> until the 16th century dragged Europe out of the “Dark Ages”. </p> <p>Which is also a term very few historians use or take seriously anymore because it is, again, based off of inaccurate misconceptions about Medieval history, AS WELL as being an EXTREMELY Eurocentric viewpoint that ignores scientific and scholarly work done in other areas of the world like China and the Middle East.</p> <p>During the so called ‘European Dark Ages’, architecture achieved complexities the Romans could only dream of, the first universities were opened, scholarship was kept alive, metalurgy advanced rapidly. </p> <p><b>There wasn’t ONE renaissance, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_renaissances">there were THREE</a>.</b> The one we think of had it’s roots as far back as the 14th century. They didn’t come out of nowhere, the advancements were built off of work of hundreds of years of work by educated folk from across Euroasia and they fed into one another.</p> <p><b><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medieval_European_scientists">In fact, here’s a handy list of Medieval European scientists, from the 5th to 14th century.</a></b></p> <p>That fucking graph up there is one of the most offensivley bad pseudo-historical memes. It’s so infamous, /r/BadHistory simply calls it  <b>“The Chart”</b>.</p> <p>Let this fucking bullshit die already.</p> </blockquote> <p>Yes, I was about to rant on this until I got to the end.</p> </blockquote>
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Ass, Dreads, and Fucking: ice IT NAILS 1306 SALVADORIAN RESTA <p><a href="http://equestrianrepublican.tumblr.com/post/116619045966/proudblackconservative-chocolatehighhh" class="tumblr_blog">equestrianrepublican</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://proudblackconservative.tumblr.com/post/116618885594/chocolatehighhh-strugglingtobeheard" class="tumblr_blog">proudblackconservative</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://chocolatehighhh.tumblr.com/post/40776687253" class="tumblr_blog">chocolatehighhh</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://strugglingtobeheard.tumblr.com/post/40772845205/queennubian-searchingforknowledge" class="tumblr_blog">strugglingtobeheard</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://queennubian.tumblr.com/post/40771240479/searchingforknowledge-crackerhell" class="tumblr_blog">queennubian</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://searchingforknowledge.tumblr.com/post/40770815276/crackerhell-radicalroy" class="tumblr_blog">searchingforknowledge</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://crackerhell.tumblr.com/post/40769392772" class="tumblr_blog">crackerhell</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://radicalroy.tumblr.com/post/40769235814/searchingforknowledge-mantavelous" class="tumblr_blog">radicalroy</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://searchingforknowledge.tumblr.com/post/40769037047/mantavelous-visual-volume-so-as-much-as-it" class="tumblr_blog">searchingforknowledge</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://mantavelous.tumblr.com/post/40761871450/visual-volume-so-as-much-as-it-pains-me-to-say" class="tumblr_blog">mantavelous</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://visual-volume.tumblr.com/post/40684941281/so-as-much-as-it-pains-me-to-say-it-i-was-forced" class="tumblr_blog">visual-volume</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>So, as much as it pains me to say it, I was forced to give in to the very concept I said I wouldn’t allow myself to be a victim of. Two nights ago, my boss faced me with a choice. Told me that if I couldn’t fit all of my super thick hair, pulled back, into one of their tiny ass company hats, then I wouldn’t be able to come in for my next shift &amp; stay employed by his business. So as a result, my physical image has now shifted into a product of modern opinionated eurocentric judgemental standards. </p> <p>3 whole years of progress buzzed onto the floor.</p> <p>Rent has to get paid.</p> <p>Simple as that.</p> </blockquote> <p>:(</p> </blockquote> <p>DAMN that sucks. Fucking white ppl</p> </blockquote> <p>Sigh.</p> </blockquote> <p><b>this is why white people can’t have dreadlocks</b></p> </blockquote> <p>bolded</p> </blockquote> <p>or call their hair afro</p> </blockquote> <p>:(</p> </blockquote> <p>this is so sad.</p></blockquote> <p>Okay so help me out here: what in the name of Saint Martin’s curly pink moose hairs does that have to do with white people wearing dreads? Like it literally has absolutely nothing to do with white people wearing dreads. Where do you guys even come up with the stuff?</p></blockquote> <p>They’re racist cunts, don’t try to reason with them.</p></blockquote> <p>Person One: &ldquo;wah! My company&rsquo;s dress code standards won&rsquo;t allow me to have the hairstyle I want!&rdquo;<br/>Person Two: &ldquo;OMFG THIS HAS SOMETHING TO DO WITH WHITE PEOPLE WEARING DREADS BECAUSE REASONS!!!!!!!&rdquo;</p>
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Ass, Dreads, and Fucking: ice IT NAILS 1306 SALVADORIAN RESTA <p><a href="http://chocolatehighhh.tumblr.com/post/40776687253" class="tumblr_blog">chocolatehighhh</a>:</p><blockquote><p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://strugglingtobeheard.tumblr.com/post/40772845205/queennubian-searchingforknowledge">strugglingtobeheard</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://queennubian.tumblr.com/post/40771240479/searchingforknowledge-crackerhell">queennubian</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://searchingforknowledge.tumblr.com/post/40770815276/crackerhell-radicalroy">searchingforknowledge</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://crackerhell.tumblr.com/post/40769392772">crackerhell</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://radicalroy.tumblr.com/post/40769235814/searchingforknowledge-mantavelous">radicalroy</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://searchingforknowledge.tumblr.com/post/40769037047/mantavelous-visual-volume-so-as-much-as-it">searchingforknowledge</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://mantavelous.tumblr.com/post/40761871450/visual-volume-so-as-much-as-it-pains-me-to-say">mantavelous</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://visual-volume.tumblr.com/post/40684941281/so-as-much-as-it-pains-me-to-say-it-i-was-forced">visual-volume</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>So, as much as it pains me to say it, I was forced to give in to the very concept I said I wouldn’t allow myself to be a victim of. Two nights ago, my boss faced me with a choice. Told me that if I couldn’t fit all of my super thick hair, pulled back, into one of their tiny ass company hats, then I wouldn’t be able to come in for my next shift &amp; stay employed by his business. So as a result, my physical image has now shifted into a product of modern opinionated eurocentric judgemental standards. </p> <p>3 whole years of progress buzzed onto the floor.</p> <p>Rent has to get paid.</p> <p>Simple as that.</p> </blockquote> <p>:(</p> </blockquote> <p>DAMN that sucks. Fucking white ppl</p> </blockquote> <p>Sigh.</p> </blockquote> <p><strong>this is why white people can’t have dreadlocks</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>bolded</p> </blockquote> <p>or call their hair afro</p> </blockquote> <p>:(</p> </blockquote> <p>this is so sad.</p></blockquote> <p>Okay so help me out here: what in the name of Saint Martin’s curly pink moose hairs does that have to do with white people wearing dreads? Like it literally has absolutely nothing to do with white people wearing dreads. Where do you guys even come up with the stuff?</p>
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Books, Church, and Doctor: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p> </blockquote> <p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p> <p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p> <p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p> <p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p> <p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p> <p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p> </blockquote> <p>FYI.</p>

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Books, Church, and Doctor: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p> </blockquote> <p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p> <p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p> <p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p> <p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p> <p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p> <p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p> </blockquote> <p>#getrekt</p>

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