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<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://gop-tea-pub.tumblr.com/post/147822139572">gop-tea-pub</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p> The Misleading Claim: “Even if everyone worked hard and went to college, someone would still need to make our pizza, stock our shelves, and drive our cabs. Quit looking down on them and assuming they deserve to live in poverty.”<br/><br/> The Rebuttal:<br/> The fatal error in the above claim is the presumption that demand for a specific job is static and will always exist; that there will always be someone making our pizzas, stocking our shelves, and driving us around in taxis. While this may have SOME truth to it, in that a declining occupation might not entirely disappear, it fails to acknowledge that such a decline in demand is precisely what necessitates the low wage in the first place. Understand, advocates of freer markets generally don’t assert that hard working individuals “deserve to live in poverty.” What we contend is that people earning low wages are typically offering labor that is either “low in demand” or “'high in supply.” The valuation characteristics of this labor, then, mirror that of a product few people wish to buy or too many people wish to sell.  <br/><br/> It just so happens that pizza-making, shelf-stocking, and cab-driving jobs are declining in demand.<br/><br/> ■ PIZZA-MAKERS:<br/> Pizza has gotten cheaper to produce. Per Franchise Direct, citing a pizza franchise industry report from 2010, “The development and implementation of new technology and marketing strategies has enabled the pizza industry to adapt to growing consumer demands for cheap, fast, and convenient products.” [1]  Part of this increased productivity means fewer “pizza makers” are required, as the art of pizza making has increasingly become commercialized into an efficient process which utilizes less labor. The major chains are known for utilizing “assembly line” techniques, relying more on pre-made or partially prepared products, shipped to individual shops, and thus requiring less labor to render a finished product. According to Pizza Marketing Quarterly, who issues an Annual Industry Analysis, in 2003, independently owned pizza shops represented 50.7% of sales for the pizza industry, while major corporate chains made up the remainder. [2] Ten years later, however, that number had fallen to 40.33% of sales, with major chains increasing their share to nearly 60%. [3] The point is clear; the increased share of major pizza chains equals a downward trend in the necessity of qualified pizza makers.<br/><br/> ■ STOCKING CLERKS:<br/> Per the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook and Career Guide to Industries, “Stocking Clerks” are on a list of the 30 fastest declining occupations, expected to decline by 7.7% over a decade. [4]<br/><br/> Other notable yet disappearing occupations from this list? [5]<br/><br/> ● Woodworkers - 40% decline<br/> ● Photo Process Workers -36.3%<br/> ● Textile Operators - 24-31%<br/> ● Clerks - 27.8%<br/> ● Computer Operators - 24.7%<br/> ● Bookbinders - 21.8%<br/> ● Radio Operators - 16.3%<br/> ● Gas Pump Operators - 17.5%<br/> ● Pharmacy Aides - 11.1%<br/> ● Shoe Workers - 10.3%<br/> ● Utility Meter Readers - 10.3%<br/> ● Printer Technicians - up to21.2%<br/> ● Projectionists – 8.4%<br/> ● Farmers – estimated 8.5% from 2006 to 2016<br/> *Matter of fact, from 1790 – 1990 the share of the labor force involved in farming declined from 90% to 2.6%. [6]<br/><br/> The point? Specific types of jobs aren’t always here to stay. Markets shift, demand changes, and the need for some jobs decline.<br/><br/> ■ TAXI DRIVERS:<br/> As with the above occupations, taxi drivers ALSO aren’t impervious to changing markets. Many are now deeply threatened by the quickly expanding “ride-sharing” alternatives, such as Uber. “Donna Blythe-Shaw, a representative for the United Steelworkers and the Boston Taxi Drivers Association, said cabbies, concerned they could be driven out of business by unregulated ride-sharing companies, have waited long enough for reform. She said business is down 35 to 40 percent as a result of companies such as Uber, Lyft, and SideCar.” [7] With such rapid declines in demand for taxis, would it really be surprising to find out their take-home pay has also declined?<br/><br/> CONCLUSION:<br/> Yes, in a hypothetical world, if EVERYONE went to college and developed additional skills, some of those college educated people WOULD still end up making pizzas, stocking shelves, and driving cabs, but it would - as always - be the least skilled among us who performed such tasks. And it just so happens that “pizza-maker,” “stocking clerk,” and “taxi driver,” are occupations with declining demand. Thus, their lower pay IS justified. Again, those choosing to offer labor which is either low in demand or high in supply position themselves to be on the lower end of the compensation spectrum. It’s THEIR choice not to change careers.  You can’t blame anyone else.<br/> —————————–<br/> Citations:<br/> [1]<br/><a href="http://www.franchisedirect.com/foodfranchises/pizzafranchises/pizzafranchiseindustryreport2010/80/275">http://www.franchisedirect.com/foodfranchises/pizzafranchises/pizzafranchiseindustryreport2010/80/275</a><br/><br/> [2]<br/><a href="http://www.pmq.com/September-October-2004/Pizza-Power/">http://www.pmq.com/September-October-2004/Pizza-Power/</a><br/><br/> [3]<br/><a href="http://www.pmq.com/December-2013/Pizza-Power-The-2014-Pizza-Power-Report/">http://www.pmq.com/December-2013/Pizza-Power-The-2014-Pizza-Power-Report/</a><br/><br/> [4] [5]<br/><a href="http://www.boston.com/jobs/2013/12/30/the-fastest-declining-occupations/PRZVnJg25iIBgJFyv70BxN/story.html#slide-2">http://www.boston.com/jobs/2013/12/30/the-fastest-declining-occupations/PRZVnJg25iIBgJFyv70BxN/story.html#slide-2</a><br/><br/> [6]<br/><a href="https://www.agclassroom.org/gan/timeline/farmers_land.htm">https://www.agclassroom.org/gan/timeline/farmers_land.htm</a><br/><br/> [7]<br/><a href="http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/05/22/taxi-drivers-protest-uber-boston-offices/0YlRN0hHAHVhcxFIQ2X5aI/story.html">http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/05/22/taxi-drivers-protest-uber-boston-offices/0YlRN0hHAHVhcxFIQ2X5aI/story.html</a> <br/></p> </blockquote>: TIRED OF SEEING THIS? Even if everyone worked hard and went to college, someone would still need to make our pizzas, stock our shelves, drive our cabs. Quit looking down on them and assuming they deserve to l poverty ive i XFACEBOOK.COM/ WAC <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://gop-tea-pub.tumblr.com/post/147822139572">gop-tea-pub</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p> The Misleading Claim: “Even if everyone worked hard and went to college, someone would still need to make our pizza, stock our shelves, and drive our cabs. Quit looking down on them and assuming they deserve to live in poverty.”<br/><br/> The Rebuttal:<br/> The fatal error in the above claim is the presumption that demand for a specific job is static and will always exist; that there will always be someone making our pizzas, stocking our shelves, and driving us around in taxis. While this may have SOME truth to it, in that a declining occupation might not entirely disappear, it fails to acknowledge that such a decline in demand is precisely what necessitates the low wage in the first place. Understand, advocates of freer markets generally don’t assert that hard working individuals “deserve to live in poverty.” What we contend is that people earning low wages are typically offering labor that is either “low in demand” or “'high in supply.” The valuation characteristics of this labor, then, mirror that of a product few people wish to buy or too many people wish to sell.  <br/><br/> It just so happens that pizza-making, shelf-stocking, and cab-driving jobs are declining in demand.<br/><br/> ■ PIZZA-MAKERS:<br/> Pizza has gotten cheaper to produce. Per Franchise Direct, citing a pizza franchise industry report from 2010, “The development and implementation of new technology and marketing strategies has enabled the pizza industry to adapt to growing consumer demands for cheap, fast, and convenient products.” [1]  Part of this increased productivity means fewer “pizza makers” are required, as the art of pizza making has increasingly become commercialized into an efficient process which utilizes less labor. The major chains are known for utilizing “assembly line” techniques, relying more on pre-made or partially prepared products, shipped to individual shops, and thus requiring less labor to render a finished product. According to Pizza Marketing Quarterly, who issues an Annual Industry Analysis, in 2003, independently owned pizza shops represented 50.7% of sales for the pizza industry, while major corporate chains made up the remainder. [2] Ten years later, however, that number had fallen to 40.33% of sales, with major chains increasing their share to nearly 60%. [3] The point is clear; the increased share of major pizza chains equals a downward trend in the necessity of qualified pizza makers.<br/><br/> ■ STOCKING CLERKS:<br/> Per the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook and Career Guide to Industries, “Stocking Clerks” are on a list of the 30 fastest declining occupations, expected to decline by 7.7% over a decade. [4]<br/><br/> Other notable yet disappearing occupations from this list? [5]<br/><br/> ● Woodworkers - 40% decline<br/> ● Photo Process Workers -36.3%<br/> ● Textile Operators - 24-31%<br/> ● Clerks - 27.8%<br/> ● Computer Operators - 24.7%<br/> ● Bookbinders - 21.8%<br/> ● Radio Operators - 16.3%<br/> ● Gas Pump Operators - 17.5%<br/> ● Pharmacy Aides - 11.1%<br/> ● Shoe Workers - 10.3%<br/> ● Utility Meter Readers - 10.3%<br/> ● Printer Technicians - up to21.2%<br/> ● Projectionists – 8.4%<br/> ● Farmers – estimated 8.5% from 2006 to 2016<br/> *Matter of fact, from 1790 – 1990 the share of the labor force involved in farming declined from 90% to 2.6%. [6]<br/><br/> The point? Specific types of jobs aren’t always here to stay. Markets shift, demand changes, and the need for some jobs decline.<br/><br/> ■ TAXI DRIVERS:<br/> As with the above occupations, taxi drivers ALSO aren’t impervious to changing markets. Many are now deeply threatened by the quickly expanding “ride-sharing” alternatives, such as Uber. “Donna Blythe-Shaw, a representative for the United Steelworkers and the Boston Taxi Drivers Association, said cabbies, concerned they could be driven out of business by unregulated ride-sharing companies, have waited long enough for reform. She said business is down 35 to 40 percent as a result of companies such as Uber, Lyft, and SideCar.” [7] With such rapid declines in demand for taxis, would it really be surprising to find out their take-home pay has also declined?<br/><br/> CONCLUSION:<br/> Yes, in a hypothetical world, if EVERYONE went to college and developed additional skills, some of those college educated people WOULD still end up making pizzas, stocking shelves, and driving cabs, but it would - as always - be the least skilled among us who performed such tasks. And it just so happens that “pizza-maker,” “stocking clerk,” and “taxi driver,” are occupations with declining demand. Thus, their lower pay IS justified. Again, those choosing to offer labor which is either low in demand or high in supply position themselves to be on the lower end of the compensation spectrum. It’s THEIR choice not to change careers.  You can’t blame anyone else.<br/> —————————–<br/> Citations:<br/> [1]<br/><a href="http://www.franchisedirect.com/foodfranchises/pizzafranchises/pizzafranchiseindustryreport2010/80/275">http://www.franchisedirect.com/foodfranchises/pizzafranchises/pizzafranchiseindustryreport2010/80/275</a><br/><br/> [2]<br/><a href="http://www.pmq.com/September-October-2004/Pizza-Power/">http://www.pmq.com/September-October-2004/Pizza-Power/</a><br/><br/> [3]<br/><a href="http://www.pmq.com/December-2013/Pizza-Power-The-2014-Pizza-Power-Report/">http://www.pmq.com/December-2013/Pizza-Power-The-2014-Pizza-Power-Report/</a><br/><br/> [4] [5]<br/><a href="http://www.boston.com/jobs/2013/12/30/the-fastest-declining-occupations/PRZVnJg25iIBgJFyv70BxN/story.html#slide-2">http://www.boston.com/jobs/2013/12/30/the-fastest-declining-occupations/PRZVnJg25iIBgJFyv70BxN/story.html#slide-2</a><br/><br/> [6]<br/><a href="https://www.agclassroom.org/gan/timeline/farmers_land.htm">https://www.agclassroom.org/gan/timeline/farmers_land.htm</a><br/><br/> [7]<br/><a href="http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/05/22/taxi-drivers-protest-uber-boston-offices/0YlRN0hHAHVhcxFIQ2X5aI/story.html">http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/05/22/taxi-drivers-protest-uber-boston-offices/0YlRN0hHAHVhcxFIQ2X5aI/story.html</a> <br/></p> </blockquote>

<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://gop-tea-pub.tumblr.com/post/147822139572">gop-tea-pub</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p> The Misleading Cl...

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