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For a college English class final we were able to make a 6-page essay on whatever we wanted so I chose a topic that interested me, Thanos as a hero and main protagonist. Anyways I'm very proud of the product and I know it's long but if you have the time give it a read.: Thanos Did Nothing Wrong What exactly makes Thanos from Marvel's Infinity War so great? His full belief in his philosophy, of randomly killing half of the people in the universe so the survivors can live in peace. A goal we the audience is supposed to hate. But there is something about Thanos's delivery that makes you question if his plan is really such a bad idea. Unlike other villains, he doesn't want power or wealth or land for himself, and in fact, he is willing to sacrifice everything for what he believes is right. The crucial factor in the argument that justifies itself is the abject randomness of it. Rich and poor alike will be subject to this culling, distinguishing it from your typical genocide. We rationalize hunting some animals because it curbs overpopulation and allows the population to stay healthy, and we snip up excess flowers from a garden so the survivors can grow healthily. Wouldn't it make sense to do the same for humans? Thanos crafts this ideology when his own planet is destroyed by the ravages of overpopulation. Earth itself has begun the decline into these same trials. Global warming, disease, famine, and crime could all be averted by a snap from Thanos, at least according to Derek Parfit. Parfit is a philosopher who, in his book The Repugnant Condition, states "For any possible population of at least ten billion people, all with a very high quality of life, there must be some much larger imaginable population whose existence, if other things are equal, would be better even though its members have lives that are barely worth living." Parfit essentially believes that even if society is the same, the more people there are, the less happy each individual would be. For example, if the population were halved, people wouldn't have to compete for jobs, education, and resources. If one abandons the normative thought that Thanos is the quintessential villain of the Avengers and all things morally sound, it isn't difficult to see the thematic parallels that best classify Thanos as a tragic hero. According to works that define a classic hero such as The Iliad and The Odyssey, a hero is defined as someone willing to sacrifice everything including themselves for the greater good of othe he arrives at all the points in the hero's journey arc, sacrifices himself for the good of others, and is justified in his logic Therefore, Thanos is the protagonist and hero of Marvel's Infinity War, because Although he is most aptly described as the villain of Infinity War, Thanos goes through the hero's journey at least once. The classical hero's journey arc is originally outlined in The Hero with a Thousand Faces, which shows that all heroes in all stories go through all the same beats and must complete similar tropes in order for a character to be a hero. To begin, the hero's journey starts with a call to action. Intriguing, Thanos's call to action is not entirely initially clear from the beginning of his introduction, or even from the beginning of Infinity War, as it is not revealed until the opening of the third act, when Thanos explains how he develops his solution of aloof genocide through the tribulations his people went through due to overpopulation. The young Thanos warned his planet of the danger of their path and that a solution, although drastic, must be executed in order to save the planet's population, but Titan didn't listen, and thus, the Thanos's mentor in the Hero's Journey, teaching him of the dangers of overpopulation, and informing him of how this problem can be solved. Titan teaches him that if Thanos fails to intervene and stands by as populations grow, societies and civilizations will crumble to the hands of time. Thanos's supermatural aid, another stage in the hero's journey, is not a physical object, but rather the knowledge that the infinity stones have the capacity to make his goal logistically practical on a universal level. The infinity stones grant anyone who has possession of all six the powers of a god, and Thanos sees this power as an planet fell into ruin. Titan also serves opportunity to expand his solution to as many groups as possible. Thanos has multiple temptations through his journey, manifesting in his love for his adopted daughter Gamora, and his constant desire to rest. His desire to rest is shown at the end of Infinity War when he "finally rest[s] and watch[es] the sun rise on a grateful universe." Finally, Thanos reaches his abyss after the events that occured in Avengers 2012 in New York, when he lost both the space and mind stones, along with a massive loss in manpower and military capital. Of course, as the Avengers are the heroes of the film at the time, they thwart Thanos's masterplan, and end up taking the stones for themselves. Thus, Thanos is left with no stones and is forced to begin his quest for the infinity stones all over again from nothing. Thanos's next part of the hero's journey especially defines his heroism, that being his atonement. The quote from baby Gamora after Thanos's snap "What did it cost?" and Thanos replying with "Everything" perfectly describes how Thanos understands the terrible sacrifice he has made, but still considers it a necessary evil to bringing about health to an aching universe. Throughout his journey during the Marvel Cinematic Universe and especially in Infinity War, Thanos is constantly willing to sacrifice everything he loves and himself in order to bring vitality to the universe. First, Thanos sacrifices the only person he truly loved in the universe, Gamora, in order to get the soul stone. Thanos had many daughters in his life, though all were simply kidnapped orphans whose families and homes had been destroyed by his own attempts at balancing. But even though he had a myriad of children to choose from, Thanos took a liking to the strongest one, Gamora. Gamora quickly became Thanos's favorite daughter, and his reliable advisor in wartime strategy. However, during the events of Guardians of the Galaxy, Gamora switches sides, fighting against Thanos to prevent him from getting the infinity stones. However, despite this, Thanos still continues to love her like a wayward child, and during Infinity WWar takes Gamora on the rest of his quest for the infinity stones. In this quest, the soul stone demands a payment for the power it provides, namely something the wielder loves, and Thanes sheds a single tear as he realizes what he most do. With great struggle, Thangs sacrifices Gamora and is given the soul stone. Along with the loss of those he loved, Thanos also sacrifices himself in a physical sense, when he snaps and the infinity stones' power destroys his arm and half his body, leaving him battered and gimped. This former celestial warlord was reduced to a husk of his former self, a thematic mirroring of his physical omnipotence showcased earlier in the film when all of the strongest heroes combined could barely put a scratch on Thanos's mighty purple head. With his sacrifices comes his reward, one that he desired throughout his whole journey, to rest. In the conclusion of Infinity War after the snap, as well as the beginning of End Game, Thanos's rest is shown as he sits peacefully and lives as a farmer in The Garden. As his armor sits on a stand in the middle of his field like a scarecrow, it reflects how he's just a shell of who he was, and even though he's lost everything, his purpose has been fulfilled, and he feels that he can finally rest and let himself be at ease, not always thinking about the next part is his grandiose plan. The scarecrow also represents how his old self, similar.to a scarecrow, scares off beasts who would prey on the scarce resources. Now, he is able to hang up the mantle, and no longer has to be the universe's scarecrow, and in tum was granted with the true hero's reward as compensation for his quest, completing the hero's journey. With the completion of the hero's journey, Thanos returns back to his familiar or regular world, and although it is not his actual familiar world in a literal sense, the familiarity comes with the peace and serenity of a farmer's life, as opposed to the constant fighting of his past war filled life. Thanos's philosophy is one not unfounded in philosophical literature, showcased in the work by prominent philosophers Malthus and Ehrlich. Ehrlich's novel, The Population Bomb, was a work that inspired terror in the hearts of countless scientists in the late 60s. Ehrlich was a Nobel Prize winning scientist, and thus his assessment that the world would face major starvation epidemics in the 70s and 80s was taken incredibly seriously by respected individuals across the globe. Jacques Cousteau, incredibly influential and famous marine researcher, went to the United Nations and told them that they needed to organize a method to kill 350000 people the world would soon suffer the effects of overburdening the Earth beyond her carrying daily, capacity. And of course, the most famous and influential, quintessential author for overpopulation enthusiasts everywhere, Thomas Malthus. Malthus wrote a host of novels all about why the population needed to be curbed, and he had plenty of famous quotes detailing exactly why, but his most famous is The Theory of Population, where he describes the geometrical ratio of the expansion of population. Malthus described a litany of woes, all sourced from unchecked population expansion, and various authors throughout the past two centuries since Malthus began writing have agreed with him. began "The Overpopulation Project," a global attempt to slow down population growth across the planet. The United Nations considers overpopulation a long-term issue, not just a singular event, as is evidenced by them labeling control of population growth as one of their core goals for 2030. fact, in July of 2018 the United Nations Of course, even considering all of the logics of Thanos's argument and the thematic undertones of the film Infinity War, it's rather obvious that Thanos's argument is incoherent, requires a juvenile understanding of mathematics, and is a thinly veiled attempt to plaster the mad titan's genocidal urges as noble. Neither Thanos nor any advocate for his position besides Jacques Cousteau realize that you need continual pruning for a population to actually stay low. If we assume Malthus is correct, that populations grow geometrically, then a population will regrow itself in a matter of years, not millennia or eons, and if he's wrong, then there's no problem anyways, and the population will check itself. The statistics also use averages for population growth, which ignores the fact that the vast majority of population expansion occurs in third world countries where a high number of children is necessary to make sure enough survive to adulthood, which will be resolved in due time as the world pulls itself as a whole from poverty. The film Infinity War is geniusky crafted in being able to constantly contrast Thanos's actions with the film's honorable executions of them, utilizing a swooping score, allusive cinematography, and well-known story tropes to pass off all of Thancs's decisions as being close enough to a hero's to mistake him for one. But the Russos' characterization of Thanos as a hero, while ingenious, is only so because he is so far from it. Thanos may believe he is a hero on some conscious level, but as is showcased in Endgame where Thanos begins an egotistical invasion of Earth and rampages through the Avengers, he is aware unconsciously that he truly just desires to kill, the power that comes from controlling another's life. His relegation of his aggressive tendencies to his subconscious in an attempt to be a noble hero just amplify them and make them bubble and boil just beneath the surface, making him unstable and violent. Therefore, Thanos is the antagonist and villain of Marvel's Infinity War, despite arriving at all the points in the hero's journey arc, because his sacrifices are made for a personal psychopathic streak, and he uses his banner of benevolence as a logical excuse for murder. Works Cited Arrhenius, Gustaf, et al. "The Repugnant Conclusion." Staford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford University, 16 Jan. 2017, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/repugnant- conclusion/. Ehrlich, Paul R. The Population Bomb. Buccaneer, 2007. Finkelberg. Margalit. "Odysseus and the Genus 'Hero': Greece & Rome." Cambridge Core, Cambridge University Press, 7 Sept. 2009, https://www.cambridge.org/core journals greece-and-rome/article/odysseus-and-the-genus-hero/8146C3FFC480785339560270 044E827E, Gunn, James, director. Guardians of the Galacy. Marvel Studios, 2014. Malthus, Thomas Robert. An Essay on the Principle of Population. Cambridge Univ. Pr., 1798. Russo, Anthony and Joseph Russo, directors. Avengers: Infinity War. Marvel Studios, 2018. Russo, Anthony and Joseph Russo, directors. Avengers: End Game. Marvel Studios, 2019. Whe Joss, director. The Avengers. Marvel Studios, 2012. For a college English class final we were able to make a 6-page essay on whatever we wanted so I chose a topic that interested me, Thanos as a hero and main protagonist. Anyways I'm very proud of the product and I know it's long but if you have the time give it a read.

For a college English class final we were able to make a 6-page essay on whatever we wanted so I chose a topic that interested me, Thanos...

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Cuddle buddy resume a facebook friend of mine received. Pure cringe.: 1 49% 1 49% 1 49% O ll MetroPCS LTE l MetroPCS LTE 1:03 PM 1:05 PM l MetroPCS LTE K Inbox Resume.docx Done Done Resume.docx Loyalty and Honesty Very experienced in loyal and honest friendships/relationships. Have had the same best friend since 8th grade. Don't play games. Always 100. Wear my heart on my sleeve and am not afraid to tell you my thoughts about you or anything we may discuss. From KT SINGLE, CONFIDENT MALE WITH GOOD JOB AND Hide To: CAR To obtain a date with an interesting, beautiful woman and become the best cuddle buddy she can have, Objective Cuddle Buddy Resume November 10, 2017 at 11:59 AM Experience Have had multiple long term relationships since high school. Longest was 4.5 years. Also know how to keep it casual if that's what's required. Knowledgeable in how to keep a woman happy in every way imaginable. Not controlling, enjoy spending time Strength I can pick things up and put them down. Can also perform this task gently (babies are gentle creatures). Can open jars with ease and can be a protector from strangers and creeps. Also assists in various other tasks that can be discussed upon questioning Skills I'd like to start off by stating you are absolutely work an actual application/resume. You're very amazing and hella attractive. Thought so since we first met, but, you know. Couldn't really say anything until now. Hope you enjoy. together but will not smother you. Perfectly cool with going out or staying in. Endurance I might be a chubby guy but I have stamina. Can carry things for long periods of time. This also helps in various other parts of the cuddle buddy role. I can nap for prolonged periods of time and can stay in the same spot for days if required (nobody wants to wake a sleeping child) Intelligence I'm a smarty pants. I know large amount of things and stuff. Excellent with computers and minor house repairs. Also assists in general day to day tasks and conversation. You won't be dulled to death by dumbness Emotions Likes/Dislikes I'm into video games, comics, super heroes, nerd stuff. Enjoy binge watching just about anything on Netflix. Into movies but don't like movie theaters. Bars are cool but I don't drink, still frequently go to hang out with friends. Pretty much down for anything whenever and wherever. Tap to Download References Available upon Request (legit do have references Resume.docx too) I have them, and they're available. Also can read your emotions and know when I do or say something dumb (which is bound to happen, I'm a man). This also allows me know how to make up for said action, whether that be with gifts of monetary value or cooking your favorite meal while you stare at me in anger with a hint of awe and wonder Bedroom 23.7 KB If you have any additional questions or concerns, please contact me via email, Book of the Face Persuasion, or by phone which is listed at the top of this document Thank you for your consideration, Information available upon request. Not shy about anything. Like to keep it spicy. The best decision you haven't made yet Handsomeness Naturally handsome. Nice beard. Fat booty for a white guy. Tattoos. Blue eyes. Dimples that will slay you. Good fashion sense. Loyalty and Honesty Very experienced in loyal and honest ם- Cuddle buddy resume a facebook friend of mine received. Pure cringe.

Cuddle buddy resume a facebook friend of mine received. Pure cringe.

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Stannis vs Sylvanas: In the land of Clown World's double standards... How some Trumpkins respond to Stannis burning a child alive: "Tough position did what he thought was right tho." Dogpile and censor opposition. How some Feminists respond to Sylvanas and Dany burning kids alive: "EMPOWERMENT! SMASH THE PATRIARCHY! GO GIRL!" Dogpile and censor opposition. How some unmedicated insane(sane) people react to the killing of children: "WHAT THE FUCK IS WRONG WITH YOU SOMEONE SHOULD BURN YOU ALIVE YOU SICK MEGALOMANIC FUCK!" Avoid opposition for the same reason you walk away when a homeless schitzophrenic comes up and starts screaming in your face. Y'all make me miss those, truly. Anyone who kills a child deserves to die. If that makes me crazy - a "schitzo screaming in your face" - then fuck it try to commit me for being against killing children. Please, write that specifically on the involuntary commitment order - "this man believes anyone who takes the life of a child legally or otherwise deserves to die. He is willing to force that 'political' view on others. He is an active threat to others - to those who kill/killed children and condone the killing of children albeit condoning real actions or actions portrayed in ficticious propaganda." I'm sure that I'm the one who will get hospitalized, I'm being serious, the nuts are running the nuthouse, you know this which is why you act the way you do. I will gladly resist so you can jerk off to my "schitzo" (I was diagnosed aspie not schitzo, but whatever) baby fat like you did Adam Trammel's. I am done dealing with you deranged zealots for the most depraved fucking bullshit imaginable. Maybe you're right - maybe I didn't have true empathy for you - because I was trying repeatedly to humanize you when there's nothing human to any of you circus freaks. I was going to make a meme out of this but I'd rather just screen shot this, share, and go grind gold for my epic mount because your twisted heads aren't worth my time. Which guarantees my door will be beaten down because you are bullies who do all this shit to me for attention, and my depriving you of it will trigger you more than any of my memes. Please use nukes next time you want to burn a kid alive for the greater good. For all our sakes. Thanks. Have a good night. Stannis vs Sylvanas
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I made Killer and Survivor for DbD. Skinwalker Pt. 1 (Please note: 100% guessing with the actual numbers): THE SKINWALKER Williams Crafted. With these new weapons local hunters pressed into a nearby Native American tribe's territory. They poached and poached, despite all of the warnings the tribe gave the Name: Nathanial Williams settlers, but they did not relent. Finally, a sect of this tribe had enough of the settlers harming Aliases: "The Abomination"/" The Accursed" the natural order of their home. Gender: Human - Male || Monster - N/A Nationality: European-British (Settler) In thanks for the power and defense some hunters invited Nathaniel along on their hunting trip. This trip unfortunately was the last any of these poor souls would be seen. The party, after Realm: Red Sand Desert Power: Beast Walk delving far into the tribe's territory, was ambushed by them, without mercy. Nathaniel was the only survivor. The one to bear the tribe's vengeance. Alternate Attack: No Basic Attack Weapon: Decayed Claw Speed: 113% | 4.6m/s Alt. Speed: 212% (Beast Walk) | 9m/s Terror Radius: 36m/7m (Beast Walk) Several shamans performed one of the most horrid rituals known to them, but did so with grim determination. This black magic ritual would bind Nathaniel to the forest by infusing the entity of the Death God's servant to his spirit. The moment the ritual completed, Nathaniel, now wearing nothing but a cougar's pelt, started transforming. Height: Avg/tall | Tall (Beast Walk) OVERVIEW Bones snapped, popped, and broke in order to reform into his new body. Skin stretched and ripped over his growing, mutated form. Hair would fall out only to be replaced by fur of similar The Skinwalker is a shape-shifting killer, able to shift into animal/human hybrid form that allows color. Pain racked his body as the disgusting and sick noises from a wet and crunching mess filled the air. Then suddenly, it stopped. him to use his senses/instincts to hunt survivors like a breast of prey. Those that survive a Beast Walk attack lose their will and find themselves slowed on every action The Skinwalker was born. The forest's guardian of death. His personal perks, Animal Kinship, Dreadful Gaze, & Rancid Odor gives him the ability to track Survivors, Slow them during a chase, and cause them to make mistakes that alert him to their As this monster stalked the forest, eating other animals and those foolish enough to enter, his body decomposed more and more. Eventually he looked like a frankenstein born from creatures presence of the forest. Lore Before arriving in the New World, Nathanial worked as an apprentice blacksmith in a well One night, during a hunt, Nathaniel ran into a fog that was not familiar. A fog that did not belong, populated city in England. He crafted a multitude of pieces for various clients. Pieces that would come into existence under his guiding hand would quickly be bought, and always at the highest yet permeated the night's air in defiance of the world's natural order. This was the birth of the Skinwalker in the realm of the Entity price imaginable. They became so popular in fact that the Master Blacksmith quickly became jealous. The Skinwalker's Perks These are parks which start off appearing only in The Skinwalker's bloodweb. After reaching level 30 teachable versions can be found The pieces that he was creating were barely selling in comparison. Most people that placed orders with them requested for Nathanial to craft the requested item. Months of this fed into the Master's jealousy and, eventually, he came up with a plan to rid himself this bothersome apprentice. The Master sabotaged some of Nathaniel's items and made poor forgeries. Finally, the Master staged a burglary and arson, framing Nathaniel. Animal Kinship - Level 30 Dreadful Gaze - Level 35 Rancid Odor - Level 40 Due to his tanked reputation the public immediately took after him as the one truly at fault for Animal Kinship this. With no other option before him Nathaniel fled to the New World in order to seek asylum. With your black magic bond with the animal kingdom gives you other allies. Here Nathaniel opened his own smithery and became the pride of Blackbriar. In fact, most Anytime crows are alerted the Survivor(s) aura is shown to the killer for 3/5/7 seconds, firearms used within the territory of the Blackbriar settlement, from hunters to soldiers, were regardless of the Killer's location I made Killer and Survivor for DbD. Skinwalker Pt. 1 (Please note: 100% guessing with the actual numbers)

I made Killer and Survivor for DbD. Skinwalker Pt. 1 (Please note: 100% guessing with the actual numbers)

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Weeb heaven doesn'y exis-: slamus 19687 1.0k points 12 hours ago This meme will would be more accurate if SpongeBob had a pile of terrible attempts at burgers on the floor next to him too. Reply Give Award Share Report Save ThatsNotPossible Man 161429 346 points 11 hours ago Also it should be two burgers on the table (Shazam) Reply Give Award Share Report Save DavidA-wood 90735 239 points 11 hours ago Aquaman made a billion. And it was a fun movie. Reply Give Award Share Report Save Koala_Guru 29275 143 points 10 hours ago I didn't really like Aquaman honestly and that sucks because I really wanted to. The visuals blew me away and I want some of those shots framed to be perfectly honest, but that was like my only positive. I didn't think the two leads had good chemistry, I felt the acting was pretty iffy, and the story was rather paint by numbers. Reply Give Award Share Report Save wauve1 48172 147 points 9 hours ago What I found funny was how every plot-progressing conversation was interrupted by an explosion Reply Give Award Share Report Save Koala_Guru 29275 80 points 9 hours ago So I'm not the only one who noticed that? Oh my god I was dying laughing the more that happened. It's like they didn't know any other way to move the story forward. Reply Give Award Share Report Save matticans7pointo 39639 7 points 1 hour ago Pretty sure it was a creative decision by Wan. He wanted the movie to be as fun and has fast paced as possible. He didn't take the movie material to serious but I can see why it might not mesh with everyone Reply Give Award Share Report Save HouseDjango 99845 52 points 8 hours ago Aquaman: I'm a superhero from the ocean that has seen some of the most unbelievable things imaginable. Also aquaman: no way the trident is real! It's just a myth. Nothing like that can exist. Weeb heaven doesn'y exis-

Weeb heaven doesn'y exis-

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As By Popular request, Just Zoom In COMRADES.: bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new fo rms of struggle in place of the old ones. * By bourgeoisie is meant the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labour. By proletariat, the class of modern wage labourers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labour power in order to live. [Engels, 1888 English edition] t That is, all written histo ry. In 1847, the pre-history of society, the social organisation splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other - Bourgeoisie and Proletariat. From the serfs of the Middle Ages sprang the chartered burghers of the earliest towns. From these burgesses the first elements of the bourgeoisie were developed. The discovery of America, the rounding of the Cape, opened up fresh g round for the rising bourgeoisie. The East-Indian and Chinese markets, the colonisation of America, trade with the colonies, the increase in the means of exchange and in commodities generally, gave to commerce, to navigation, to industry, an impulse never befo re known, and bourgeoisie developed, increased its capital, and pyshed into the background every class handed down from the Middle Ages. We see, the refore, how the modern bourgeoisie is itself the product of a long course of development, of a series of revolutions in the modes of production and of exchange. Each step in the develop ment of the bourgeoisie was accompanied by a corresponding political advance of that class. An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility, an armed and self-governing association in the medieval commune* : here independent urban republic (as in Italy and Germany); there taxable "third estate" of upper hand, has put an end to all feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations. It has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to his "natural superiors", and has left remaining no other nexus between man and man than naked selfinterest, than callous "cash payment". It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies of religious This was the name given their urban communities by the townsmen of Italy and France, after they had purchased or conquered their initial rights of self-govern ment from their feudal lords. [Engels, 1890 German edition] "Commune" was the name ta ken in France by the nascent to wn s even befo re they must nestle everywhere, settle everywhere, establish connexions everywhere. The bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cos mopolitan character to production and consumption in every country. but raw material drawn from the remotest zones; industries whose products are consumed, not only at home, but in every quarter of the globe. n place of the old wants, satisfied by the production of the country, we find new wants, requiring for their satisfaction the products of distant lands and climes. In place of the old local and national seclusion and self-sufficiency, we have intercourse in every direction, unive rsal inter-dependence of nations. And as in material, so also in intellectual production. The intellectual creations of individual nations become common property. National one-sidedness and narrowmindedness become more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding generations together. Subjection of Nature's forces to man, machinery, application of chemistry to industry and agriculture, steam-navigation, railways, electric telegraphs, clearing of who le continents for cultivation, canalisation of rivers, whole populations conjured out of the ground-what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive forces slumbered in the lap of social labour? We see then: the means of production and of exchange, on whose foundation the bourgeoisie built itself up, were generated in feudal society. At a certain stage in the development of these means of production and of exchange, the conditions under which feudal society produced and exchanged, the feudal organisation of agricultu re and manufacturing industry, in one word, the feudal relations of property became no longer compatible with the already developed productive forces; they became so many fetters. They had to be burst asunder; they were burst asunder. Into the ir place stepped free competition, accompanied by a social and political constitution adapted in it, and the economic and political sway of the bourgeois class. A similar movement is going on before our own eyes. Modern their enemies, the remnants of absolute monarchy, the landowners, the non-industrial bourgeois, the petty bourgeois. Thus, the whole histo rical movement is concentrated in the hands of the bourgeoisie; every victo ry so obtained is a victory for the bourgeoisie. But with the development of industry, the proletariat not only increases in number; it becomes concentrated in greater masses, its strength grows, and it feels that strength more. The various interests and conditions of life within the ranks of the proletariat are more and more equalised, in proportion as machinery obliterates all distinctions of labour, and nearly everywhe re country must, of course, first of all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie. In depicting the most general phases of the development of the proletariat, we traced the more or less veiled civil war, raging within existing society, up to the point whe re that war brea ks out into open revolution, and where the violent overthrow of the bourgeoisie lays the foundation for the sway of the proletariat. Hitherto, every form of society has been based, as we have already seen, on the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes. But in order to oppress a class, certain conditions mu st be assured to it under which it can, at least, continue its Communist Party an over-riding law. It is unfit to rule because it is incompetent to assure an existence to its slave within his slavery, because it cannot help letting him sink into such a state, that it has to feed him, instead of being fed by him. Society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie, in other words, its existence is no longer compatible with society. The essential conditions for the existence and for the sway of the bourgeois class is the formation and augmentation of capital; the condition for capital is wage-labour. Wage-labour rests exclusively on competition between the labourers. The advance of industry, whose represent the interests of the movement as a whole. The Communists, therefo re, are on the one hand, practically, the most advanced and resolute section of the working-class parties of every country, that section which pushes forward all others; on the other hand, theoretically, they have over the great mass of the proletariat the advantage of clearly understanding the line of march, the conditions, and the ultimate general results of the proletarian movement. The immediate aim of the Communists is the same as that of all other proletarian parties: formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy, at is to do away with the status of women as me re instruments of production. For the rest, nothing is more ridiculous than the virtuous indignation of our bourgeois at the community of women which, they pretend, is to be openly and officially established by the Communists. The Communists have no need to introduce community of women; it has existed almost from time immemorial. Our bourgeois, not content with having wives and daughters of their proleta rians at their disposal, not to speak of common prostitutes, take the greatest pleasure in seducing each othe r's wives. Bourgeois marriage is, in reality, a system of wives in social order, and are unavoidable as a means of entirely revolutionising the mode of production. These measures will, of course, be different in different countries. Neve rthe less, in most advanced countries, the following will be pretty generally applicable. 1. Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes. 2. A heavy progressive or graduated inco me tax. 3. Abolition of all rights of in heritance. 4. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels. 5. Centralisation of credit in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly. 6. Centralisation of class, and, as such, sweeps away by force the old conditions of production, then it will, along with these conditions, have swe pt away the conditions for the existence of class antagonisms and of classes generally, and will thereby have abolished its own supremacy as a class. In place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms, we shall have an association, in whi ch the free develop ment of each is the condition for the free development of all. IlII. Socialist and Communist Literature 1. Reactionary Socialism A. Feudal Socialism Owing to their histo rical position, it became the vo cation of the aristo cracies of F rance spirits.t As the parson has ever gone hand in hand with the landlord, so has Clerical Socialism with Feudal Socialism. * Not the English Resto ration (1660-1689), but the French Restoration (1814-1830). [Note by Engels to the English edition of 1888.] t This applies chiefly to Germany, where the landed aristocracy and squirearchy have large portions of their estates cultivated for their own account by stewards, and are, moreover, extensive beetroot-sugar manufacture rs and distillers of potato spirits. The wealthier British aristo cracy are, as yet, rather above that; but they, too, know how to make up for declining rents by lending their names society. The individual members of this class, however, are being constantly hurled down into the proletariat by the action of competition, and, as modern industry develops, they even see the moment approaching when they will co mpletely disappear as an independent section of modern society, to be replaced in manufactures, agriculture and commerce, by overlooke rs, bailiffs and shopmen. In countries like France, where the peasants constitu te far more than half of the population, it was natural that writers who sided with the proletariat against the bourgeoisie s hould use, in their criticism of the bourgeois régime, the standard of And on its part German Socialism recognised, more and more, its own calling as the bombastic representative of the petty-bourgeois Philistine. It proclaimed the German nation to be the model nation, and the German petty Philistine to be the typical man. To every villainous meanness of this model man, it gave a hidden, hig her, Socialistic interpretation, the exact contrary of its real character. It went to the extreme length of directly opposing the "brutally destru ctive " tendency of Communism, and of proclaiming its supreme and impartial contempt of all class struggles. With very few exceptions, all the so-called Socialist and Communist publications that now (1847) circulate in Germany belong to the domain of this foul and enervating literature. 2. Conservative or Bourgeois Socialism A part of the bourgeoisie is desirous of redressing social grievances in order to secure the continued existence of bourgeois society. To this section belong economists, philanthro pists, humanitarians, improve rs of the condition of the wo rking class, organisers of charity, members of societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals, temperance fanatics, hole-and-corner reforme rs of every imaginable kind. This form of socialism has, mo reover, been wo rked out into complete syste ms. We may cite Proudhon's Philosophie de la Misère as an exa mple of this fo rm. The Socialistic bourgeois want all the advantages of modern social conditions without the struggles and dangers necessarily resulting therefrom. They desire the existing state of society, minus its revolutionary and disintegrating elements. T hey wish for a bourgeoisie without a proletariat. The bourgeoisie naturally conceives the world in which it is supreme to be the best; and bourgeois Socialism develops this comfortable conception into various more or less complete systems. In requiring the proletariat to carry out such a system, and edition of 1890.] 32 Chapter Ill: Socialist and Communist Literatu re Bourgeois Socialism attains adequate exp ression when, and only when, it becomes a mere figure of speech. Free trade: for the benefit of the working class. Protective duties: for the benefit of the working class. Prison Reform: for the benefit of the working class. This is the last word and the only seriously meant word of bourgeois so cialism. It is summed up in the phrase: the bourgeois is a bourgeois - for the benefit of the wo rking class. 3. Critical-Utopian Socialism and Communism We do not here re fer to that literatu re which, in every great modern revolution, has eyes, into the propaganda and the practical carrying out of their social plans. In the formation of their plans, they are conscious of caring chiefly for the inte rests of the wo rking class, as being the most suffering class. Only from the point of view of being the most suffering class does the proletariat exist for the m. The undeveloped state of the class struggle, as well as their own surroundings, causes Socialists of this kind to consider themselves far superior to all class antagonisms. They want to improve the condition of every member of society, even that of the most favoured. Hence, they habitually appeal to society at large, without possible recognition of the hostile antagonism between bourgeoisie and proletariat, in order that the German workers may straightway use, as so many weapons against the bourgeoisie, the social and political conditions that the bourgeoisie must necessarily introdu ce along with its suprema cy, and in order that, after the fall of the reactionary classes in Germany, the fight against the bourgeoisie itself may immediately begin. The Communists turn their attention chiefly to Germany, because that country is on the eve of a bourgeois revolution that is bound to be carried out under more advanced conditions of European civilisation countries. The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. As By Popular request, Just Zoom In COMRADES.

As By Popular request, Just Zoom In COMRADES.

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Here are some science and technology predictions that did not go as planned.: "We will never make a 32 bit operating system."- Bill Gates Microsoft, Word "There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home. Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp "There is practically no chance communications space satellites will be used to provide better telephone, telegraph, televislon, or radio service inside the United States." T. Craven, FCC Commissloner, In 1961. "A rocket will never be able to leave the Earth's atmosphere." New York Times, 1936. "Flight by machines heavier than air is unpractical (sic) and insignificant, if not utterly impossible." - Simon Newcomb "Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible."-Lord Kelvin, British mathematician and physicist. "There will never be a bigger plane built A Boeing engineer, after the first flight of the 247, a twin engine plane that holds ten people. "Nuclear-powered vacuum cleaners will probably be a reality in 10 years."Alex Lewyt, president of vacuum cleaner company Lewyt Corp., in the New York Times in 1955. "The energy produced by the breaking down of the atom is a very poor kind of thing. Anyone who expects a source of power from the transformation of these atoms is talking moonshine."- Ernest Rutherford. "There is not the slightest indication that nuclear energy will ever be obtainable. It would mean that the atom would have to be shattered at will." Albert Einstein The cinema is little more than a fad. It's canned drama. What audiences.really want to see is flesh and blood on the stage. Charlie Chaplin "The horse is here to stay but the automobile is only a novelty a fad."-The president of the Michigan Savings Bank advising Henry Ford's lawyer. "The Americans have need of the telephone, but we do not. We have plenty of messenger boys." -Sir William Preece. "This telephone has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us."-A memo at Western Union, 1878 (or 1876) "I must confess that my imagination refuses to see any sort of submarine doing anything but suffocating its crew and floundering at sea." HG Wells, British novelist, in 1901 "X-rays will prove to be a hoax." - Lord Kelvin, President of the Royal Society, 1883. "The idea that cavalry will be replaced by these iron coaches is absurd. It is little short of treasonous."-Comment of Aide-de-camp to Field Marshal Haig, at tank demonstration, 1916. "How, sir, would you make a ship sail against the wind and currents by lighting a bonfire under her deck?I pray you, excuse me, I have not the time to listen to such nonsense."- Napoleon Bonaparte. "Fooling around with alternating current is just a waste of time. Nobody will use it, ever." -Thomas Edison. BPI BPI "Home Taping is Killing Music campaign by the BPL. A 1980s "Television won't last. It's a flash in the pan." Mary Somerville, pioneer of radio educational broadcasts, 1948. ITelevision) won't be able to hold on to any market it captures after the first six months People will soon get tired of staring at a plywood box every night." Darryl Zanuck. "When the Paris Exhibition [of 1878] closes, electric light will close with it and no more will be heard of it."-Oxford professor Erasmus Wilson. "Rail travel at high speed is not possible because passengers, unable to breathe, would die of asphyxias"Dr Dlonysys Larder (1793-1859) "The wireless music box has no imaginable commercial value. Who would paysfor a message sent to no one in particular?"Associates of David Sarnoff responding to the latter s call for investment in the radio in 1921. Here are some science and technology predictions that did not go as planned.

Here are some science and technology predictions that did not go as planned.

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Saw this on r/tumblr Credit goes to u/ReaderDragon02: just-shower-thoughts Imagine how much historical knowledge wasn't written down because our ancestors thought: "What idiot isn't going to know this?" libertarian-princess So ancient Egypt's best friend basically was called Punt. They traded all kinds of fun stuff with them; ebony, incense, gold, silver, myrrh, leopard skins, baboons for pet... and the Egyptians wrote a lot about the land, the people living there, what their houses looked like, records of trading expeditions to there (like, robust, oceangoing ships with thousands of men); they wrote down everything imaginable about this place.. except for where it actually was. We still to this day have no geographic fix on this ancient empire's whereabouts, because what idiot wouldn't know, right? kaitoukitty Until the 1850s British condiment sets came with bottles for oil and vinegar, and three spice containers for salt, pepper and....nobody knows. Potentially mustard, but it's just a guess because no one ever wrote it down, elidyce And this is why historians love, really love, those incredibly dull people who write in their diary every day about what they wore and what they had for dinner and how many miles away their friend Mr So-And-So's house is in that one village. Because they are the only ones who *do* write down what was in the third spice jar, how many miles away this now-nonexistent village was and so on. Seriously, the diaries of really dull people are HISTORICAL TREASURES OF OTHERWISE LOST MINUTIAE Somewhere out there there is almost certainly a diary that would expose the true contents of that third spice jar because of the one time it was low and this person had to have a quiet word with the butler or something and it was the most interesting thing that happened all week so they wrote it down. And I hope that diary is found someday because now I really want to know xxvioletlovexx That's weirdly heart warming. Like, even if you are incredibly dull and live a normal boring life, you still might be the most interesting person to some historian some day Source: just-shower-thoughts Saw this on r/tumblr Credit goes to u/ReaderDragon02

Saw this on r/tumblr Credit goes to u/ReaderDragon02

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Even if you find yourself boring, you're interesting to somebody: just-shower-thoughts Imagine how much historical knowledge wasn't written down because our ancestors thought: "What idiot isn't going to know this?" libertarian--princess So ancient Egypt's best friend basically was called Punt. They traded all kinds of fun stuff with them; ebony, incense, gold, silver, myrrh, leopard skins, baboons for pets... and the Egyptians wrote a lot about the land, the people living there, what their houses looked like, records of trading expeditions to there (like, robust, oceangoing ships with thousands of men); they wrote down everything imaginable about this place.... except for where it actually was. We still to this day have no geographic fix on this ancient empire's whereabouts, because what idiot wouldn't know, right? kaitoukitty Until the 1850s British condiment sets came with bottles for oil and vinegar, and three spice containers for salt, pepper and....nobody knows. Potentially mustard, but it's just a guess because no one ever wrote it down. elidyce And this is why historians love, really love, those incredibly dull people who write in their diary every day about what they wore and what they had for dinner and how many miles away their friend Mr So-And-So's house is in that one village. Because they are the only ones who *do* write down what was in the third spice jar, how many miles away this now-nonexistent village was and so on. Seriously, the diaries of really dull people are HISTORICAL TREASURES OF OTHERWISE LOST MINUTIAE Somewhere out there there is almost certainly a diary that would expose the true contents of that third spice jar because of the one time it was low and this person had to have a quiet word with the butler or something and it was the most interesting thing that happened all week so they wrote it down. And I hope that diary is found someday because now I really want to know. xxvioletlovexx That's weirdly heart warming. Like, even if you are incredibly dull and live a normal boring life, you still might be the most interesting person to some historian some day Source: just-shower-thoughts Even if you find yourself boring, you're interesting to somebody

Even if you find yourself boring, you're interesting to somebody

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