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Ass, Bilbo, and Rey: 10 August 2018 Revised: 16 October 2018 Accepted: 23 October 2018 DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14506 WILEY Global Change PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLE The influence of climatic legacies on the distribution of dryland biocrust communities David J. Eldridge Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo2. 2,3 Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney,New South Wales Australia Departamento de Biología y Geología, ísica y Química Inorgánica, Escuela uperior de Ciencias Experimentales y ecnología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos stoles, Spain operative Institute for Research in ironmental Sciences, University of rado, Boulder, Colorado Abstract Predicting the distribution of biocrust species, mosses, lic ated with surface soils is difficult, but climatic legacies (changes in climate hens and liverwor last 20 k years) can improve our prediction of the distribution of biocrus To provide empirical support for this hypothesis, we used a combination c analyses and structural equation modelling to identify the role of climatic predicting the distribution of ecological clusters formed by species lichens and liverworts using data from 282 large sites distributed across km2 of eastern Australia. Two ecological clusters contained 87% of the lichen and liverwort species. Both clusters contained lichen, moss and live cies, but were dominated by different families. Sites where the air t increased the most over 20k years (positive temperature legacies) were with reductions in the relative abundance of species from the lichen and Teloschistaceae) and moss (Bryaceae) families (Cluster A spec spondence J. Eldridge, Centre for Ecosystem e, School of Biological, Earth and mental Sciences, University of New Wales, Sydney, NSW Australia eldridge@unsw.edu.au groundstorey plant cover and lower soil pH. Sites where precipitation over the past 20k years (positive precipitation legacy) were ass increases in the relative abundance of lichen (Cladoniaceae, Leci Trying to be an adult and read a scientific paper and your wife does this
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Ass, Bilbo, and Rey: 10 August 2018 Revised: 16 October 2018 Accepted: 23 October 2018 DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14506 WILEY Global Change PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLE The influence of climatic legacies on the distribution of dryland biocrust communities David J. Eldridge Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo2. 2,3 Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney,New South Wales Australia Departamento de Biología y Geología, ísica y Química Inorgánica, Escuela uperior de Ciencias Experimentales y ecnología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos stoles, Spain operative Institute for Research in ironmental Sciences, University of rado, Boulder, Colorado Abstract Predicting the distribution of biocrust species, mosses, lic ated with surface soils is difficult, but climatic legacies (changes in climate hens and liverwor last 20 k years) can improve our prediction of the distribution of biocrus To provide empirical support for this hypothesis, we used a combination c analyses and structural equation modelling to identify the role of climatic predicting the distribution of ecological clusters formed by species lichens and liverworts using data from 282 large sites distributed across km2 of eastern Australia. Two ecological clusters contained 87% of the lichen and liverwort species. Both clusters contained lichen, moss and live cies, but were dominated by different families. Sites where the air t increased the most over 20k years (positive temperature legacies) were with reductions in the relative abundance of species from the lichen and Teloschistaceae) and moss (Bryaceae) families (Cluster A spec spondence J. Eldridge, Centre for Ecosystem e, School of Biological, Earth and mental Sciences, University of New Wales, Sydney, NSW Australia eldridge@unsw.edu.au groundstorey plant cover and lower soil pH. Sites where precipitation over the past 20k years (positive precipitation legacy) were ass increases in the relative abundance of lichen (Cladoniaceae, Leci Trying to be an adult and read a scientific paper and your wife does this
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Ass, Bilbo, and Rey: 10 August 2018 Revised: 16 October 2018 Accepted: 23 October 2018 DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14506 WILEY Global Change PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLE The influence of climatic legacies on the distribution of dryland biocrust communities David J. Eldridge Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo2. 2,3 Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney,New South Wales Australia Departamento de Biología y Geología, ísica y Química Inorgánica, Escuela uperior de Ciencias Experimentales y ecnología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos stoles, Spain operative Institute for Research in ironmental Sciences, University of rado, Boulder, Colorado Abstract Predicting the distribution of biocrust species, mosses, lic ated with surface soils is difficult, but climatic legacies (changes in climate hens and liverwor last 20 k years) can improve our prediction of the distribution of biocrus To provide empirical support for this hypothesis, we used a combination c analyses and structural equation modelling to identify the role of climatic predicting the distribution of ecological clusters formed by species lichens and liverworts using data from 282 large sites distributed across km2 of eastern Australia. Two ecological clusters contained 87% of the lichen and liverwort species. Both clusters contained lichen, moss and live cies, but were dominated by different families. Sites where the air t increased the most over 20k years (positive temperature legacies) were with reductions in the relative abundance of species from the lichen and Teloschistaceae) and moss (Bryaceae) families (Cluster A spec spondence J. Eldridge, Centre for Ecosystem e, School of Biological, Earth and mental Sciences, University of New Wales, Sydney, NSW Australia eldridge@unsw.edu.au groundstorey plant cover and lower soil pH. Sites where precipitation over the past 20k years (positive precipitation legacy) were ass increases in the relative abundance of lichen (Cladoniaceae, Leci Trying to be an adult and read a scientific paper and your wife does this
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Abc, Being Alone, and America: . Outdoor cats face danger from cars, disease, predators and cruel humans Domestic cats DO NOT belong outdoors as they're not a natural part of our ecosystem. They're a genetically modified species & a non-native, invasive predator Cats kill up to 3.7 billion birds 20.7 billion mammals, 800 million lizards and 300 million frogs every year. . Domestic pets like dogs & ferrets & even exotic pets like snakes & lizards do not roam free & hunt outside. Why should cats? A 2011 study indicates that cats have caused the extinction of 33 species of birds, mammals and reptiles kaijutegu: fantasticbeastsandhowtokeepthem: wildlife-rehabilitator: hotcommunist: withgoldenfire: hotcommunist: findchaos: wildlife-rehabilitator: Some of you may have seen my reply to a post and the ask I received about outdoor cats, so here is a little infographic about outdoor cats. Don’t let your cats outside.Don’t let your cats outside.Don’t let your cast outside. No exceptions. Nope, I don’t care if Muffles is super-special and adventurous. Nope, still don’t care that it’s different where you live. Please refer to the original bullet points.  (*gets ready to hit ‘Block’ on a thousand angry cat owners*) this is a mess have you gobshites genuinely never fucking heard of farm cats jesus wept, if i never see another fucking townie animal rights activist it’ll be too fucking soon. the current political system we live under doesn’t give a fuck about nature. wildlife charities have had a huge downward swoop in donations due to the recession caused by the powers that be, fracking is being done on national parks and nature reserves, roads are hastily built through wildlife rich areas and adequate warning signage is not provided… but no, it’s us ordinary people and our pesky outdoor cats that are the cause of…extinct….species…? really? is this the hill u want to die on OP??? get back 2 me I’m not refuting that humans kill far more animals than cats do, but over a billion animals are killed annually in the US by outdoor cats. That’s also a huge problem. I’m also aware that wildlife rescue organizations are losing donations - I’m the vice president and co-founder of a 501©(3) non-profit organization and not only do we scrape by on small donations while dozens of animals come in a month, many of which are injured by cats. We just had to euthanize a yearling squirrel because it was mauled by a cat and had full hind-end paralysis from the attack. Believe me, I understand. “An estimated 60 to 88 million cats are owned in the US and an estimated 60 million more are feral… While loss of habitat is the primary cause of extinction, cats are responsible for the extinction of 33 species of birds worldwide. Cats kill an estimated 480 million birds per year (assuming eight birds killed per feral cat per year.)” That is a grossly conservative number, and only accounts for feral cats, not outdoor pets. And that’s just birds. Plus the other wildlife that are killed by cats annually. Here’s another resource, a smaller scale research program called Kitty Cams: “Hunting cats captured an average of 2 items during seven days of roaming. Carolina anoles (small lizards) were the most common prey species followed by Woodland Voles (small mammals). Only one of the vertebrates captured was a non-native species (a House Mouse).” From the same group: “44% of cats were witnessed stalking or chasing prey; 30% captured wildlife.” An article from Mental Floss, sources listed at the bottom of the article:  “84 million House cats in the United States 4 to 18 Birds killed by a typical house cat every year 8 to 21 Small mammals killed by a typical house cat every year 30 million to 80 million Free-roaming, feral cats estimated to be living in the United States. They either survive alone or live in colonies. In Washington, D.C., for example, there are estimated to be some 300 outdoor cat colonies. 23 to 46 Birds killed by each feral cat every year 129 to 338 Small mammals killed by each feral cat every year 1.4 billion to 3.7 billion Total birds killed by America’s cats every year 15 Percentage of all bird deaths estimated to come at the hands — er, paws — of cats 6.9 billion to 20.7 billion Total small mammals killed by cats every year” From a report on ABC News: “Cats are responsible for the deaths of 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals every year, according to research conducted by the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.” From the American Bird Conservancy: “If we extrapolate the results of this study across the country and include feral cats, we find that cats are likely killing more than 4 billion animals per year, including at least 500 million birds.” (Also you’re putting your cat in unnecessary danger from tons of different threats by letting them outside unsupervised. So even if you don’t wanna give a shit about wildlife, maybe try giving a shit about your cat’s health life.) (Also farm cats are often not treated well, not provided with proper veterinary care, and there are other options for rodent control that doesn’t put other wildlife in as much danger) also consider: this is 100% something that you, as an individual, can do to mitigate some of the natural disaster that is the anthropocene. We’re on track to lose something like 80% of global biodiversity by the end of the century, and there’s almost nothing that your average citizen can do about it. But keeping your cats inside to help preserve local biodiversity and mitigating the damage that ferals do is actually something that you can do. 
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Abc, News, and Parents: DAILY NATION I Wednesday August 10, 2016 ON Video games sharpen, social media dumbs Teenagers who play video games are more likely to get better grades at school, a study told News Limited yesterday has found. average in science," study co- author Albert Posso from RMIT to understand some of the principles of chemistry; evern so, they really have to under- stand science," Mr Posso told the ABC. "Some psychologists have argued that massive online player games can be beneficial to cognitive development: Teachers should consider incorporating "When you play online However, the research also games you're solving puzzles to move to the next level and ed social media every day that involves using some of the were receiving grades 20 points general knowledge and skills in below the average in maths than maths, reading and science that you've been taught during the tablished that students who popular video games into teaching so long as they are not violent Mr Posso said the link be tween excessive social media use and poor academic results could be attributed to "oppor- tunity cost" in terms of study time. ones ose who did not. The study, released by the day" said Mr Posso. "Teachers Albert Posso, study Royal Melbourne Institute of should consider incorporat co-author Technology (RMIT), says that students who play online games daily perform, especially well in maths, science and reading ing popular video games into teaching so long as they are not violent ones." Programme for International that online gamin analyse the online habits of lem-solving skills. then compared to academic re- sults. He said the data revealed g could help "You're not really going to solve problems using (social media)," Mr Posso said Mr Posso used data from the tudents who play online games almost every day score 15 points above the average in maths and 17 points above the Australian 15-year-olds, which he "Sometimes (players) have Student Assessment (Pisa) to young people to develop prob- The research was published in the International Journal of Communication. (Xinhua) Record Pogback'> When coach shunned him, he left and shone Take this to your parents.

Take this to your parents.

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Gif, Hello, and Meme: THINK BEFORE YOU PINK MY MOTHER DIED FROM BREAST CANCER 2/11/2000 SUSAN G. KOMEN ONLY GIVES LESS THAN 2 0% OF DONATIONS TO CANCER RESEARCH THEIR CEO MAKES $684,000 A YEA croxovergoddess: emmalily: offending-the-offended: imaginarycircus: sofia-ciel: alexithymia42: blockmind: hello-missdolly: beanmom: nospockdasgay: redbloodedamerica: mallninjacode: pual1010: brownglucose: stunningpicture: So proud of my mother for doing her own research after I sent her that meme. A sign she hung in her car window. Stay woke Is this true? Not only is it true, it gets worse. The Susan G Komen For The Cure Foundation has actually successfully sued “competing” charities, because (paraphrasing) their “message or branding was infringing.” You read that correctly: they took money that people had donated to cure cancer, and hired attorneys with it, to sue ANOTHER group of people trying to find a cure for cancer, who, in turn, had to us their donated money to hire their own legal counsel to defend themselves. Yeah signal boost because not enough people know about this and seriously FUCK SUSAN G. KOMEN THEY ARE THE ACTUAL WORST Some links… http://thinkbeforeyoupink.org/ http://www.somethingawful.com/feature-articles/for-the-cure/ http://thestir.cafemom.com/in_the_news/132728/susan_g_komen_foundation_has (reblogged in honor of my mother, who died of breast cancer, 11/13/97) Reblog every time I see it. Roughly once a month. Also please never forget the pink fracking drill bit that’s right frackingyou know, a process using chemicals known to cause cancer that leech into the water supply http://www.triplepundit.com/2014/10/baker-hughes-fights-breast-cancer-pink-fracking-drill-bits/ http://www.nbcnews.com/health/cancer/pink-drill-bits-bring-complaints-komen-tie-fracking-n223166 It’s that time of year again, please remember Komen is the actual worst Komen For The Cure is pretty much awful. My mother died in 1996 from breast cancer. Most cancer charities are scams, in that people throw fancy parties and get rich off them and very little money goes into research or support for patients. Here are some vetted cancer charities that get good scores on Charity Navigator and pay medical expenses or fund research: Breast Cancer Research Foundation Cancer Research Institute Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 63 four star rated cancer charities on charity navigator Signal boosting this Reblogging from myself because it’s October now Always sharing
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America, Donald Trump, and Fake: avni ROWDER John McCain was a traitor. 1 CHANGE MY MIND sguidedthildran.cam 0 For all those saying RIP McCain, need to remember treason is punishable by death. There was a time in our country when we hanged traitors and It didn't matter if they served or not. How soon some of you forget that our country is currently divided because of one fake document turned in by McCain. Sen. John McCain addresses conspiracy theories regarding the salacious so-called Steele dossier in his new book, "The Restless Wave," defending his decision to turn over the documents to former FBI Director James Comey. The Arizona Republican wrote that anyone who doesn't like his decision to give the dossier to the FBI "can go to hell." McCain gave the dossier, compiled by former British spy Christopher Steele, to the FBI in December 2016 and the witch hunt begin on President Donald Trump. How many Trump supporters have been attacked over this fake dossier? How much lies and propaganda has been pushed by the media over this Russian scandal fake news bullshit? From the looks of it, I really can't wait for Hillary to go , or George Soros so I can read all of the RIP comments from everyone. The tree of liberty must be refreshed with the blood of tyrants and patriots. God Bless America, lets keep draining the swamp! Just imagine for a second Hillary would had been in charge. mccain-conspiracy-theories-steele-dossier-trump-russia-2018-5 http:-dailycaller.com-2017-06-19-exclusive-soros-clinton-linked-teneo-among-donors-to-mccain-institute- https:-www.theatlantic.com-politics-archive-2012-07-john-mccain-comes-huma-abedins-defense-325724-
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Abc, News, and Parents: DAILY NATION I Wednesday August 10, 2016 ON Video games sharpen, social media dumbs Teenagers who play video to get better grades at school, a study average in science," study co- author Albert Posso from RMIT told News Limited yesterday to understand some of the principles of chemistry; evern so, they really have to under stand science Mr Posso told the ABC. "Some psychologists have argued that massive online player games can be beneficial to cognitive development." games are more likely Teachers has found. "When you play online should consider However, the research also tablished that students who ed social media every day were receiving grades 20 points ow the average in maths than games you're solving puzzles to move to the next level and that involves using some of the general knowledge and skills in maths, reading and science that you've been taught during the incorporating popular video games into teaching so long as they are not violent ones co-author Mr Posso said the link be Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT), says that ents who play online games daily perform, especially well in ose who did not. The study, released by the day" said Mr Posso. "Teachers Albert Posso, study should consider incorporat ing popular video games into teaching so long as they are not tween excessive social media use and poor academic results could be attributed to "oppor- tunity cost" in terms of study time then compared to academic re- You're not really going to sults. He said the data revealed solve problems using (social violent ones." Mr Posso used data from the Student Assessment (Pisa) to Australian 15-year-olds, which he maths, science and reading. national that online gaming could help media)" Mr Posso said Students who play online Programme for Inter The research was published in the International Journal of young people to develop prob- games almost every day score ls points above the average in maths and 17 points above the analyse the online habits of lem-solving skills. "Sometimes (players) have C Record Pogback'> When coach shunned him, he left and shone Take this to your parents.

Take this to your parents.

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America, Comfortable, and Family: She Was the Richest Black Girl in the World and It's a Shame We Barely Know Her Name Did you Know? Sarah Rector-By the age of 10, she became the richest Black child in America. She received a land grant from the Creek Nation as part of reparations. Soon after, oil was discovered on her property. By 1912, the revenue from this oil was $371,000 per year (roughly $6.5 million today). Despite various attempts to steal her land and fortune, Sarah resisted. She went on to attend Tuskegee University and eventually settled in Kansas City, Missouri where her mansion still stands. Her name was Sarah Rector. She was a young black girl born in Indian Territory in 1902. Her parents were Joseph and Rose Rector, all of Taft, Indian Territory. Her story is similar to that of Danny Tucker another black child born in Indian Territory. He, like Sarah had a humble beginning, and he, like Sarah would make headlines for sudden wealth acquired by oil rich land. Early in her life, she received a land allotment like all who were members of the Creek Nation. Like thousands of blacks once held in bondage by the Five slave-holding tribes, (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole Nations) she and her family members received land allotments prior to Oklahoma statehood. It was a general practice that Freedmen often receive land considered to be of less value for farming as did citizens declared as Indians By Blood, and Inter-Married Whites. However, the story changed when oil was discovered on her land allotment, near Taft, Oklahoma. Her wealth caused immediate alarm and all efforts were made to put the child Sarah under "guardianship" of whites whose lives became comfortable immediately. Meanwhile Sarah still lived in humble surroundings. As white businessmen took control of her estate, efforts were also made to put her under control of officials at Tuskegee Institute. Much attention was given to Sarah in the press. In 1913, there was an effort to have her declared white, so that because of her millions she could ride in a first class car on the trains. Sarah's life continued as she began to get offers of marriage from around the world, and efforts were made to move her to Tuskegee. Because of the attention of the black press, her life eventually took a better turn, when individuals stepped in to intervene, and obtain a better lifetstyle for her. Not much is written about her adolescence, but it is know that she did attend Tuskegee Institute, and after she completed her studies there, she moved to Kansas City. In 1922, she married Kenneth Campbell. They were known to have many real estate holdings in the area. She and her husband purchased a home that still stands today in Kansas City. -blackpast.org SarahRector theblaquelioness
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