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Click, Empire, and Fall: Iceland Independence Day Komi Republic Text and graphics Theo Deutinger, Filip Cieloch and Lucia de Usera Faroe Islands shan Throughout history, the borders of Europe have constantly a. Basque Country changed. Unfortunately, shifting borders are usually the outcome LaRioja of conflict, as exemplified by the dissolution of Yugoslavia. Yet 6n armed conflict is avoidable, as shown by the emergence of the 7.Free County post-Soviet states and the peaceful divorce of Czechoslovakia in 1993. Just a year ago, one might have thought that a more mature 10.Switzertand world was evolving - one in which the pursuit of sovereignty could 11.5ao be settled without gunfire- but in light of the war in Ukraine and 13. Liguria ISIL's desire for an Islamic caliphate, global sanity seems more 1. Tieino unachievable than ever, Jämtland O0ster Shetland Outer Hebrides Orkney Islands Udmurtia Sweden Estonia Tatarstan Bashkortostan The concept of nation-state sovereignty beganth euth tyrol Chuvashia Northumberland the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 and is based on territoriality and 19 of ManDenmark Friui-Venezia Giutia the absence of a role for external agents in domestic structures. 20.istria ber that had declined to about 70 at the end of the 19 century, Bonia Herzegovina eign states. Republika Srpska In 1648 the world consisted of some 80 sovereign states, a num-22. Croatian Rep of Ireland Mordovia when it began to grow again. Today's world comprises 20andnk Wales Mercia Together with the rise of the modern state, the accuracy of national boundaries increased as well, thanks to modern 28. Northern Epirus Kazakhstan Germany surveying techniques (triangulation) and the consequent pro- 3Shlesaig-Holssein duction of highly detailed maps. Precisely drawn borders have 31. Karachay-Cherkessia not led to greater stability, however, but to even more sensitivityAbiahazia among nations. A study of the number and size of nation states 34. South Ossetia concludes that one result of democratization and economic 35. Ingushetia integration is ever more countries. As Marshall McLuhan points 37 out in The Gutenberg Galaxy, literacy is another determining 38. Adjara Netherlands Guernsey Isle of Wigh Jersey O P Brittany bourg factor, as most states that have formed over the past 150 years Nagorno Karabakh Car ORostov Slovakia Ruthenia have appeared along language lines, and people who can read and write are aware of the cultural impact of word-based com- Austria Transnistria Russia The collapse of hegemonic empires has also served as Galicia Hungary Kr midwife at the birth of nation states. The end of the Roman Empire marked an increase in the number of European states, which had risen from 37 to 1 14 by 1300, a development compara- ble to the proliferation of sovereign states in East-Central Europe Portuga Occitania ia gauzia Croatia 三 ezgistar Romania since the fall of the Communist regime. The process of autonomy Monaco has slowed down but not halted; in Western Europe it is fed by subsidies from the European Union, a Marino Bul nd in Eastern Europe it is triggered by Russia's autocratic government. Both systems have an expiration date and should be prepared for a higher diversity o Valencia of sovereign states. It is to be hoped that, at the very least, the nations of Western Europe understand the concept of a peaceful divorce and the need to respect another's point of view. Andalusia Balearic Islands .Alberto Alesina and Enrico Spolaore, On the Number and Sine of Sardinia Notions, The Quartery Journal of Economies, Vol. 112, Na.4 (Now. 1007) 2. Marshall McLuhan, The Gutenberg Golaxy The Making ef Typogrophic Mon, Univeesity of Toronto Press, 1962 3. Chiu Yu Ko, Mark Koyama and Tuan-Hwee Sng, Unified China _ Iraq and Divided Europe, June 2014 ru Malta land-of-maps: Independence Day : what Europe would look if separatist movement got their wish [5335 × 3205]CLICK HERE FOR MORE MAPS!

land-of-maps: Independence Day : what Europe would look if separatist movement got their wish [5335 × 3205]CLICK HERE FOR MORE MAPS!

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Memes, Amazing, and 🤖: Penny Marshall, the amazing actress, comedian and director has died. RIP tmz

Penny Marshall, the amazing actress, comedian and director has died. RIP tmz

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Martin, Memes, and Verizon: keara hunter @HunterKeara Incase you were wondering why my uncle got kicked out of Walmart: l Verizon LTE 5:53 PM @-q 40% Verizon LTE 5:53 PM Grammy Grammy Fwd: Now I'm banned from Grammy 5. August 16: Looked right into the security camera in the fishing section and used it as a mirror while you picked your nose Walmart. I just received this email 1. July 3: You took 24 boxes of condoms and randomly put them in other people's carts when they weren't looking. 09/18/2018 Dear Mr. Marshall 6. September 4: You went into a fitting room, shut the door, waited awhile, and then yelled very loudly Hey! There's no toilet paper in here.' One of the clerks passed out. Over the past two months you have caused quite a commotion in our store. We cannot tolerate this behavior and have beern forced to ban you from the store. Complaints against you are listed below and are documented by our video surveillance cameras. 2. July 10: You set all the alarm clocks in Housewares to go off at 5 minute intervals. 3. July 23: You went to the Service Desk and tried to put a bag of M&Ms on layaway. You are no longer aloud in the Brunswick Walmart and will immediately be asked to leave if you enter said premises! 1. July 3: You took 24 boxes of condoms and randomly put them in other 4. August 4: Moved a CAUTION WET FLOOR sign to a carpeted area. Tag Martin Store Manager Walmart Brunswick Store Text Message 01 4 Text Message Post 1238: what’s the craziest thing you’ve ever returned to Walmart? I returned a dead palm tree and they were cool with it

Post 1238: what’s the craziest thing you’ve ever returned to Walmart? I returned a dead palm tree and they were cool with it

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