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Cute, Colorado, and Flower: Cute little flower girl I met at a mountaintop wedding in Colorado (I was just there snow tubing and happened to meet her)

Cute little flower girl I met at a mountaintop wedding in Colorado (I was just there snow tubing and happened to meet her)

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Mountaintop: Mountaintop Superbloom

Mountaintop Superbloom

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Com, Www, and The: https://www.pressherald.com/2015/10/25/the-mountaintop-takes-a ...

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America, Community, and Life: P-144 P-143 CLIMATE CHANGE LIEC LABORATORE INTE UMR 7560 CNRS-Universite de Lorreine MOUNTAINTOP REMOVAL MINING Temperature effects from a ter Alice Gos A MAXENT ASSESSMENT OF THE POTENTIAL DUAL THREAT TO WEST VIRGINIA FISHES LINDSEY R. F. HENDRICK &DR. DANIEL J. MCGARVEY CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY Introduction Understanding ecosystem functioning as the cl co-vary with natural temperatur field studies remains a chailen and biofilm production of chl provided by a temperate therm METHODS INTRODUCTION umals and Species are responding to climate change by shifting their ranges to the north or to higher elevations (Hickling et al. 2006 Chen et al 2011 Comte & Orenouillet 2013) These rar hic to the Ri 1 COMPARE distribution of sample and background values for each covariate unen CZ rived Nutrients on of shifts may be a result of species tracking their thermal n as temperatures in their historical native ranges increase Parmesan 2006 Comte et al 2013) niches Terrestrial Interf across the regions SECAL Experimental Methods Thomas Parr, Caryn Vaughn 2 BUILD MODEL using MaxEnt diagnostics of variable importance Due to the predominant east west orientation of streams in the central Appalachian region, eastern North America freshwater fishes of the region may be particularly likely to shift to higher elevations in response to a warming climate ent of Blology arnd Oklahom orbin an-pue y cool 3 PROJECT to landacape Unfortunately fishes that shift to higher elevations in central Appalachia will often encounter another threat increased exposure to mountaintop removal (MTR) surface coal mining 5 REPEAT for mid-century climale scenar pters aneidae SPECIES DISTRIBUTION MODELING 4 BUFFER In this study we used Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) species distribution models to assess whether climate change and MTR may pose an interactive threat to the native fishes of West Virginia curves which are comhined into a single Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) etatietical model Each potential streams within 10 km of MTR MaxEnt identifhes potentially suitable habitat by comparing distributions of covariate valuea acrossmple tobserved recerd decApe) datasets using a OIS 6 ANALY changes in of suritability ed a raw score index Differences are modeled as response packets at 4 sites along the stream temperature gradient would be a temperature gradient, respectively. At the same time, 3 x 5 other discs content as a proxy of fungal bioma concentration was followed in situ w RESULTS DISCUSSION Our results generally support the hypothesis that directional range shifts in response to climate change among West Virginia's freshwater fishes will occur as upslope shifts to high elevation streams RCP 85 HISTORICAL RCP 45 Spatial distribution of MaxEnt raw for the historical and RCP 45 and 8.5 mid-century climate scenarios Striped Shiner (Luxilus chrysocep Rafinesque) NOW Results Under the RCP 85 climate scenaria habitat suitability is likely to increase for eight of nine species in streams in close proximity to MTR A.Microb Soring liu The darters (Etheostoma) are the only species expected to experience significant increases in suitability within the MTR buffer under the RCP 45 climate scenario higher than 0,022 day TukeyHS +3 Oar de Stream temperature was not an important determinant of suitability for ary of the modeled species The apparent lack of a strong temperature effect may be a result of the modeled species having broad thermal tolerances decay rates season but d Distribution of logio Max Ent rav for the historical and RCP 45 and mid-century climate scenarios w Whitney U P-values and box pl distribution of MaxEnt raw historical occurrence recor Striped Shiner Tipulidae h taxa Species responses to climate change were driven primarily by hydrology B. Hyphomycet Spring fue crease thure the wamest CONCLUSION winter fung remained ran days at all site Historical 20021 While we cannot prove that any of our predicted changes in habitat suitability will come to pass or that the study species will in fact mignate to streans within the MTR buffer, we offer the following 194 (2015) Afer 7 da The RCP 45 and 85 climate change scenarios, though heuriatic in nature are broadly recognized by the scientific community as valid and entirely plausible (Smith et al 201 Raftery et al 2017 Fates were h than in witer Percent change in h to historical suitabi buffer RCP 45 RCP 85 There are relatively few migration barriers in the rivers and streams of est Virginia that would categorically prevent fishes from migrating to higher elevations near MTR sites Complete MaxE nine speci es in del fi diagr NASA Our resuits may be broadly represerntative of a large fraction of the entire native ichthyofauna of West Virginia nc Conclusion Using a tempera microbial decomposition and hyph by temperature increase; while te effect on microbial decompositio importance for are availah httpa//doiorg/to A standalone describing th is available The predicted tendency for habitat suitability to increase near MTR sites is of itself legitimate cause for concern seasonal effect is consistent with warming on litter decomposition. CRFunctionalStreams SOURCES ACKNOWLEDGMENTS deig Cm t R C eonSen 3 al sis maitwa d yAe 04 d Lindsey Hendrick Cete or Cevior e sfs2018 OVARIATES Life Sciences - Virginia Commonwealth University

Life Sciences - Virginia Commonwealth University

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Com, Www, and The: https://www.pressherald.com/2015/10/25/the-mountaintop-takes-a ...

https://www.pressherald.com/2015/10/25/the-mountaintop-takes-a ...

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Com, Www, and The: https://www.pressherald.com/2015/10/25/the-mountaintop-takes-a ...

https://www.pressherald.com/2015/10/25/the-mountaintop-takes-a ...

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