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America, Comfortable, and Family: She Was the Richest Black Girl in the World and It's a Shame We Barely Know Her Name Did you Know? Sarah Rector-By the age of 10, she became the richest Black child in America. She received a land grant from the Creek Nation as part of reparations. Soon after, oil was discovered on her property. By 1912, the revenue from this oil was $371,000 per year (roughly $6.5 million today). Despite various attempts to steal her land and fortune, Sarah resisted. She went on to attend Tuskegee University and eventually settled in Kansas City, Missouri where her mansion still stands. Her name was Sarah Rector. She was a young black girl born in Indian Territory in 1902. Her parents were Joseph and Rose Rector, all of Taft, Indian Territory. Her story is similar to that of Danny Tucker another black child born in Indian Territory. He, like Sarah had a humble beginning, and he, like Sarah would make headlines for sudden wealth acquired by oil rich land. Early in her life, she received a land allotment like all who were members of the Creek Nation. Like thousands of blacks once held in bondage by the Five slave-holding tribes, (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole Nations) she and her family members received land allotments prior to Oklahoma statehood. It was a general practice that Freedmen often receive land considered to be of less value for farming as did citizens declared as Indians By Blood, and Inter-Married Whites. However, the story changed when oil was discovered on her land allotment, near Taft, Oklahoma. Her wealth caused immediate alarm and all efforts were made to put the child Sarah under "guardianship" of whites whose lives became comfortable immediately. Meanwhile Sarah still lived in humble surroundings. As white businessmen took control of her estate, efforts were also made to put her under control of officials at Tuskegee Institute. Much attention was given to Sarah in the press. In 1913, there was an effort to have her declared white, so that because of her millions she could ride in a first class car on the trains. Sarah's life continued as she began to get offers of marriage from around the world, and efforts were made to move her to Tuskegee. Because of the attention of the black press, her life eventually took a better turn, when individuals stepped in to intervene, and obtain a better lifetstyle for her. Not much is written about her adolescence, but it is know that she did attend Tuskegee Institute, and after she completed her studies there, she moved to Kansas City. In 1922, she married Kenneth Campbell. They were known to have many real estate holdings in the area. She and her husband purchased a home that still stands today in Kansas City. -blackpast.org SarahRector theblaquelioness