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Apparently, Baked, and Beautiful: the-real-ted-cruz: scp2008: prospitanmutie: donesparce: youmightbeamisogynist: thisandthathistoryblog: hjuliana: dancingspirals: ironychan: hungrylikethewolfie: dduane: wine-loving-vagabond: A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting) (sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful. I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern. Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down. Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking. If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread. Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty. Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic. ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL I found something too awesome not share with you!  I’m completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the same! Bread fraud us actually where the concept of a bakers dozen came from. Undersized rolls/loaves/whatever were added to the dozen purchased to ensure that the total weight evened out so the baker couldn’t be punished for shorting someone. [wants to talk about bread fraud laws and punishments] [holds it in] bread police Reblogging this tasty Bread History for 2016! @the-real-ted-cruz loafs were too valuable  i love lore

the-real-ted-cruz: scp2008: prospitanmutie: donesparce: youmightbeamisogynist: thisandthathistoryblog: hjuliana: dancingspirals: iro...

Beer, Shoes, and Tumblr: diversity "When you look at craft beer, it's really white and it's really male. Women are starting to get in there, but it's white women, too. When I go into a bar, and I look around, everyone's there...it's like, why aren't you represented in the peo- ple who make the beer?" she explained. "My push with the website] is that it's a conversation. It's not just me showing up yelling at people that you need more people of colour, you need more wom en, you need more queer [people]. Let's just talk about it." beer industry This project, however, wasn't just an overnight decision. As a queer woman of colour, Navarro has always been trying to make space for everyone in the Ontario craft beer industry, with a specific focus on gender identity, race, sexuality, etc. Beer is not a guy's thing anymore There's a tone of female sales reps, there's a tone of female brewers," Na- varro said JULY 2018 II @THECOMMUNITYED HOW DIVERSE IS YOUR BEER? FORMER KW BASED BEER REP EMBARKS ON NEW PROJECT <p><a href="https://egalitarian-gamer.tumblr.com/post/176426152109/unaffiliatedpangolin-feminismisahatemovement" class="tumblr_blog">egalitarian-gamer</a>:</p><blockquote> <p><a href="https://unaffiliatedpangolin.tumblr.com/post/175600733132/feminismisahatemovement-yes-even-beer-is-sexist" class="tumblr_blog">unaffiliatedpangolin</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="https://feminismisahatemovement.tumblr.com/post/175599904628/yes-even-beer-is-sexist-and-racist-now-next" class="tumblr_blog">feminismisahatemovement</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>Yes, <i>even </i>beer is sexist and racist now.</p> <h2>“NEXT WEEK:<i> </i>ARE YOUR TOWELS TRANSPHOBIC?”<br/></h2> </blockquote> <p>“How LGBTAAIOPQQ Friendly Is Your Stamp Collection?”</p> <p>“Does Your Lawn Show That You Are A Feminist Ally?”</p> <p>“Does Your Brand Of Canned Soup Challenge The Gender Binary?”<br/></p> </blockquote> <p>“Are your shoes Nazis?”</p> <p>“Is your toilet paper cisgendered and white?”</p> <p>“Is your spaghetti sauce homophobic?”</p> <p>“Do your cleaning supplies break heteronormative gender roles?”</p> </blockquote> <p>“Is your couch gender fluid?”</p><p>“How queer is your refrigerator?”</p><p>“Is your cat litter socially conscious?”</p>
Target, Tumblr, and Blog: rebeccasugar: My stamp for #sdcc2018 just arrived in the mail 💕

rebeccasugar: My stamp for #sdcc2018 just arrived in the mail 💕

Bad, Cheating, and College: Why Cheating Isn't Actually That Bad Ima count to 3 and that shit better be deleted <p><a href="https://officialfist.tumblr.com/post/173751914316/hyperazraphael-keyhollow-yellowjuice" class="tumblr_blog">officialfist</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="https://hyperazraphael.tumblr.com/post/173750532987/keyhollow-yellowjuice-tijopi11-why-are" class="tumblr_blog">hyperazraphael</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://keyhollow.tumblr.com/post/169078259010/yellowjuice-tijopi11-why-are-people-having-so" class="tumblr_blog">keyhollow</a>:</p><blockquote> <p><a href="http://yellowjuice.tumblr.com/post/168679199617/tijopi11-why-are-people-having-so-much-issue-with" class="tumblr_blog">yellowjuice</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="https://tijopi11.tumblr.com/post/168672032017/why-are-people-having-so-much-issue-with-the" class="tumblr_blog">tijopi11</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>Why are people having so much issue with the article, I agreed with it? The title isn’t the most eloquent thing ever but the article wasn’t encouraging cheating, where you go behind your partners back, but instead looking at the issue of cheating as a not black-and-white thing where there’s one horribly evil person who just wanted to have fun/get laid with one traumatized-for-life victim. Instead, like most- nah, let me say with ANYTHING in real life beyond fiction, the article sees the grays in cheating and why the person cheated in the first place. Not to say that cheating isn’t a horrible thing to do, but I feel like people need to understand that there are reasons people do the things they do. People who cheat are human beings. They could feel horrible about it, they could be trapped in a marriage or relationship that they don’t feel they can escape, they can feel insecure and unloved. Again, not to say it’s something you should ever do, but dehumanizing someone over a mistake is just as bad in my opinion. There’s nowhere where they can talk about their experiences, and it’s likely we know a lot of people who have cheated in our lives even if they haven’t (or were too scared) to tell us about it. </p></blockquote> <p>“dehumanizing someone over a <b>mistake</b>”<br/></p> <figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280" style=""><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/b46b82f946515987635b2e89242b3766/tumblr_inline_p15vbwp0N81syqsd4_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"/></figure><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/a90f07cba2ec91c06050aab2e8db4b93/tumblr_inline_p15vcgALY11syqsd4_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"/></figure><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/8bf1b39fc5036c8cdbd976cfb89b6c89/tumblr_inline_p15vctsANK1syqsd4_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"/></figure><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/bedd610984be09395d3e890baba4a152/tumblr_inline_p15vd52e6u1syqsd4_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"/></figure><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/b6ae8e67e4ef581db534a9d75c17945a/tumblr_inline_p15ved8Rom1syqsd4_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"/></figure><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/209ea0ffa5930a051f9a888121ad1979/tumblr_inline_p15vf4N2O91syqsd4_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"/></figure><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/dec0f5c82aec02545f9e81bb0c155565/tumblr_inline_p15vfl9QBz1syqsd4_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1453" data-orig-width="1280"/></figure></blockquote> <p>If you cheat, you’re trash. No if and or buts. I’m looking at all y'all, I’m lookin in the mirror, I’m lookin down the street, everydamn body. If you cheat, you’re trash.</p> </blockquote><p>Ahh yes, tumblr’s traditional “One strike you’re out” policy. I love the rationale of this and other similar things that says, “If you do a bad thing you are a bad person. Forever. There is never anything else you can do to not be a bad person.” It has such an interestingly Christian vibe to it. </p><p>First of all that image set is a lie. There are different scenarios that come together that can lead to this mistake. Also it is defining “mistake” the same way as “accident”. Of course cheating isn’t generally an accident. But, immediately it lumps in people that are not in full faculty of their senses. “You got too many drinks with him”. I’m going to put a big “No” stamp on that because if the shit you do when inebriated can’t be considered proper consent in the first place then you did not intentionally cheat (*unless it was premeditated while sober obviously). </p><p>Now let me tell you up front. I cheated once in college. Yes I know I’m trash for life with no chance for redemption but hear me out anyway. I loved my boyfriend, probably a lot more than I should have. But one night I was woken up by someone knocking on my door. It was my apartmentmate. My incredibly hot, straight, wrestler apartmentmate. He was horny and he wanted to just get off even if it was with a dude. It was like a cheesy impossible porn plot come to life. We had sex. Never once, through the entire thing, and I swear this upon everything I hold dear, never ONCE did I think “I have a boyfriend. This is wrong.” I was so caught up in the shock and fantasy of the situation it wasn’t until he left that I realized what I’d done. I was horrified. I cried and cried and as soon as the sun was up I called my boyfriend and asked him to come over. When he got there I immediately broke down sobbing and begged for him to forgive me. He did, and we moved on. And you know what? I NEVER did it again in any relationship. Did I mean to cheat on him? No. Did I? Yes. Was what I did wrong? Absolutely! Do I regret what I did? Endlessly. Does that make me horrible trash for the rest of my life? I really don’t think so. </p><p>People do things wrong. People do make conscious choices that they later realize were wrong. People ask for forgiveness. If someone does it multiple times, it’s not a mistake anymore. If someone conceals their mistake, it’s not a mistake anymore. But if someone genuinely acknowledges they did something wrong and asks for forgiveness and NEVER allows it to happen again, I think that forgiveness should be granted. And you know what? I’ve been cheated on twice since then by different guys in my life. It hurt, horribly. Both times it was an ongoing and intentional thing. But if either of them apologized to me and asked me to forgive them and showed they would sincerely never do it again I would give them a chance anyway. </p><p>Tumblr, I love your desire for justice and truth both socially and personally. But when you break everything into black and white and refuse to grant any room for forgiveness you are teaching yourselves to cut people out of your lives that could be legitimately good people that made a bad choice and deserve forgiveness. Of course there are people that don’t deserve it, who wouldn’t sincerely try to earn it, but if you say everyone who makes 1 bad choice, or 1 series of mistakes, is trash forever then I think that makes you the bad person when you are incapable of granting kindness and forgiveness to another person. </p></blockquote> <figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="494" data-orig-width="500"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/cbd162d73523bc7796d2d8ce24e14a9f/tumblr_inline_p8ho52Yc0A1t42r6u_500.jpg" data-orig-height="494" data-orig-width="500"/></figure></blockquote> <p>Lmao did she really think anyone wanted to read her porno fantasy story justifying cheating?</p>
Family, Memes, and Police: 12 People Arrested After Rape Victim's Brother Rapes Rapist's Sister in "Revenge Rape" Plot Between Both Families @balleralert 12 People Arrested After Rape Victim’s Brother Rapes Rapist’s Sister in “Revenge Rape” Plot Between Both Families– blogged by @MsJennyb ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ On Saturday, a dozen people were arrested in Toba Tek Singh in connection to a “revenge rape” plot between the families of a rape victim and the rapist. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ In docs filed by Pirmahal police, the victim, who is described as “N,” was reportedly raped by ‘W’ of Gharibabad in Pirmahal. The incident occurred on March 20. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ However, the assailant’s family asked for forgiveness in an attempt to make amends with the victim’s family. In turn, “N’s” family provided terms of a reconciliation. In order for the families to settle their dispute, “W” would agree to the “revenge rape” of his sister. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Under the conditions, “N’s” brother would commit the same act with “W’s” sister for reconciliation. In fact, 12 members of both families agreed to the terms, DAWN reports. The next day, the suspect’s sister was raped. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Officials found out about the rapes after the families prepared a stamp paper mentioning the incidents and their decision to forgo legal action against one another, the publication reports. Upon the new discovery, all 12 members were arrested in connection to the “revenge rape” plot.

12 People Arrested After Rape Victim’s Brother Rapes Rapist’s Sister in “Revenge Rape” Plot Between Both Families– blogged by @MsJennyb ⠀⠀⠀⠀...

Being Alone, America, and Anaconda: asic KOSHER DILL SPEARS 2924 8 924 1 <p><a href="http://therevenantrising.tumblr.com/post/135827422115/garregret-therevenantrising-garregret" class="tumblr_blog">therevenantrising</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://garregret.tumblr.com/post/135810589826">garregret</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://therevenantrising.tumblr.com/post/135540905500">therevenantrising</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://garregret.tumblr.com/post/135517237536">garregret</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://therevenantrising.tumblr.com/post/135479826270">therevenantrising</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://pushingpin.tumblr.com/post/135479128813">pushingpin</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://jingle-brrrrt.tumblr.com/post/135448815816">jingle-brrrrt</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://metal-queer-solid.tumblr.com/post/134386190976">metal-queer-solid</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://0122358.tumblr.com/post/134383153016">0122358</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://therevenantrising.tumblr.com/post/134381412470">therevenantrising</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://shelovespiano.tumblr.com/post/134380537619">shelovespiano</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kaisernighthawk1996.tumblr.com/post/134342240504">kaisernighthawk1996</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://feels-by-the-foot.tumblr.com/post/134299613814">feels-by-the-foot</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://therevenantrising.tumblr.com/post/134299542770">therevenantrising</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://neuroxin.tumblr.com/post/134298026257">neuroxin</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://pizzaotter.tumblr.com/post/134294057737">pizzaotter</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://madmints.tumblr.com/post/134293259422">madmints</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://pizzaotter.tumblr.com/post/134280963537">pizzaotter</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://bolt-carrier-assembly.tumblr.com/post/133694853738">bolt-carrier-assembly</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://therevenantrising.tumblr.com/post/133689796940">therevenantrising</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://therevenantrising.tumblr.com/post/133689234535">therevenantrising</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>Mak N Cheese<br/></p> </blockquote> <p>Not to be confused with Mac N Cheese.</p> <figure data-orig-width="3264" data-orig-height="1840" class="tmblr-full"><img data-orig-width="3264" data-orig-height="1840" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/49bb53d1810cdc4a6c5f1fa9e40355ae/tumblr_inline_ny6xsoZgNT1sh8jq3_540.jpg"/></figure></blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="1802" data-orig-width="3246"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/e723085af378cad726af085c2220068f/tumblr_inline_ny72aotJ7s1r4zl7m_540.jpg" data-orig-height="1802" data-orig-width="3246"/></figure></p> <p>Also in the Big Mac variety</p> </blockquote> <p>WhY do you people have automatic weapons</p> </blockquote> <p>Even if they are automatic (which they most likely aren’t), why does it matter to you?</p> </blockquote> <p>Look at all these gun nuts coming out the woodwork cause I asked why people randomly have automatic weapons on cheese</p> </blockquote> <p>Gun obsession is so fucking gross. There is no valid logical rational reason why any normal US citizen should own a machine literally designed for no other purpose than to kill human beings. Do not try to give some weak ass justification when “because I like them” is all it actually fucking boils down to. A disgustingly huge amount of people are DYING to these things every month, just trying to go about their normal lives. That trumps your ill-chosen hobby. </p> <p>There is no solution better than the one that several European countries and the Australians have proven works, anything else is a less-effective compromise so that you, again, can get off on owning a literal killing machine.</p> </blockquote> <p>This was supposed to be a light-hearted and fun joke post, but fine.  Let’s do this.<br/></p> <h2><b>There is no valid logical rational reason why any normal US citizen should own a machine literally designed for no other purpose than to kill human beings.</b></h2> <p>I own several guns and have shot literally thousands of rounds over the last couple of years, yet I haven’t killed or even harmed a single living creature.  Huh…  I guess my guns must be broken since they can’t even fulfill their “only purpose”.</p> <h2> <b>A disgustingly huge amount of people are DYING to these things every month, just trying to go about their normal lives.  That trumps your ill-chosen hobby.</b><br/></h2> <p>Many anti-gun advocates will point out that there were 33,000 people killed by guns in 2013.  While this is a terrible number, we must also put this number into perspective against the grand scheme of things.  There are an estimated 340-370+ MILLION legally owned guns in America, not even including illegal black markets that we cannot effectively track.  This means that, even if we use conservative estimations, literally over 99.99% of the guns in America didn’t kill a single person in 2013.</p> <p>When we look at the big picture, your chances of being harmed by a gun are actually very low.<br/></p> <p><b>Chances of being shot or killed based on firearm deaths and population count:</b></p> <p><b>Death by gun, suicide excluded:</b><br/>0.0032%</p> <p><b>Death by gun, suicide included:</b><br/>0.0095%</p> <p><b>Death in a mass shooting alone:</b><br/>0.000032%</p> <p><b>Injury by gun, no death:</b><br/>0.024%</p> <p><b>Death of injury by gun including suicide:</b><br/>0.033%</p> <p>Gun deaths and injuries etc based off general stats used by anti gun people, rather than exact numbers from each year because its faster and easier to do. Going by exact yearly figures would result in very little change to the average numbers used above.</p> <p><b>Guns compared to other ways you can die:</b></p> <p><b> Unintentional fall deaths:</b></p> <ul><li>Number of deaths: 26,009</li> <li>Deaths per 100,000 population: 8.4</li> </ul><p><b>Motor vehicle traffic deaths:</b></p> <ul><li>Number of deaths: 33,687</li> <li>Deaths per 100,000 population: 10.9</li> </ul><p><b>Unintentional poisoning deaths: </b></p> <ul><li>Number of deaths: 33,041</li> <li>Deaths per 100,000 population: 10.7</li> </ul><p><b>All poisoning deaths:</b></p> <ul><li>Number of deaths: 42,917</li> <li>Deaths per 100,000 population: 13.9</li> </ul><p><b>All Drug poisoning deaths:</b></p> <ul><li>Deaths per 100,000 population: 12.4 (2010)</li></ul><p><b>All firearm deaths (suicide included):</b></p> <ul><li>Number of deaths: 31,672</li> <li>Deaths per 100,000 population: 10.3</li> </ul><p><b>All firearms deaths (suicide excluded):</b></p> <ul><li>Number of deaths: 12,664 <br/></li> <li>Deaths per 100,000 population: 3.6</li> </ul><p><b>Firearm deaths broken down completely:</b></p> <p>3.6 for homicide <br/>6.3 for suicide<br/>0.30 for unintentional <br/>0.10 undetermined</p> <p> 10.3 for deaths total in general of 3.6 for homicide only. You are more likely to trip and die than be killed by a gun. Cars kill more than guns but are not even protected by the constitution and isn’t a right, and are less regulated than guns! </p> <p> <i>[Sources are <a href="https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2011/crime-in-the-u.s.-2011/tables/expanded-homicide-data-table-8">FBI</a> and <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_06.pdf">CDC</a>]</i></p> <p>Many people will also cite mass shootings as a reason that guns are evil and should be banned, but this assertion also falls flat and looks ridiculous when put into perspective.  While these stories draw media attention and are absolutely horrible, you seem to have casually and conveniently left out the part where these attacks account for less than even one quarter of 1% of America’s overall murder rate.  About 0.2% to be more exact.</p> <figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="317" data-orig-width="500"><img data-orig-height="317" data-orig-width="500" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/bc45a6b149582a24ee012977c76ca402/tumblr_inline_nynm1mUXyB1sh8jq3_540.jpg"/></figure><p>Now, let’s compare this, how often guns are used to harm innocent lives, to how often guns are used to protect innocent lives.</p> <p>Guns help protect innocent lives FAR MORE OFTEN than they help to harm innocent lives.   There are literally hundreds of thousands of defensive gun uses in this country alone every single year.</p> <p><a href="http://www.thetruthaboutguns.com/category/defensivegunuseoftheday/">http://www.thetruthaboutguns.com/category/defensivegunuseoftheday/</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/cdc-study-use-firearms-self-defense-important-crime-deterrent">http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/cdc-study-use-firearms-self-defense-important-crime-deterrent</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/cdc-study-use-firearms-self-defense-important-crime-deterrent">http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/cdc-study-use-firearms-self-defense-important-crime-deterrent</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/02/defensive-gun-ownership-gary-kleck-response-115082.html#.VcYed_lRK1w">http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/02/defensive-gun-ownership-gary-kleck-response-115082.html#.VcYed_lRK1w</a></p> <p>Quite simply put, guns save innocent lives.  And they do so far more often than they hurt them.  When guns are harming more innocent lives than they are protecting, it could be argued that it might make sense to further limit guns.</p> <p>But for now, it’s not even close.  Moving on…<br/></p> <h2><b>There is no solution better than the one that several European countries and the Australians have proven works, anything else is a less-effective compromise so that you, again, can get off on owning a literal killing machine.</b></h2> <p>Sorry, but strict gun control has been an absolute failure in both Australia, The UK, and everywhere else it has tried.  It has done nothing to effectively reduce murder, violent crime, suicide, or even gun violence rates.  It has done nothing to achieve its desired goal of creating a safer society.  It is, and always will be, a complete failure.</p> <p><b>Australia:</b></p> <p><i>[this segment brought to you by <a href="http://lee-enfeel.tumblr.com">lee-enfeel</a>]</i><br/></p> <p><a href="http://www.news.com.au/national/is-australia-staring-down-the-barrel-of-a-gun-crisis/story-fncynjr2-1226690018325">People die Australia as a result of firearms violence at almost the same rate they did prior to the firearms act</a>, and some sources state that more than a quarter million illicit firearms exist in Australia currently.</p> <p>The <a href="http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/productsbytitle/9C85BD1298C075EACA2568A900139342?OpenDocument">total firearms death rate in 1995 </a>- the year before the massacre and the laws introduced - was 2.6 per 100,000 people. The total firearms murder rate that year was 0.3/100,000. From 1980-1995, Australian firearms deaths dropped from 4.9/100,000-2.6/100,000 without the implementation of firearms laws. This is a rate of decline that has remained fairly constant; Looking at 1996-2014, in which the rate has dropped from 2.6-0.86, it shows that the decline has been slower in a longer period of time since the law’s passing. Likewise, homicides declined more quickly in the 15 years prior to the firearms laws (0.8-0.3) than in the 18 years since it (0.3-0.1). This just indicates that firearms deaths haven’t been noticeably affected by the legislation you’ve claimed has done so much to decrease gun crime. <br/></p> <p>It should also be noted that around the same time, New Zealand experienced a similar mass shooting, but did not change their existing firearms laws, which remain fairly lax; even moreso than some American states like California, New York, or Connecticut. Despite this, their firearms crime rate has declined fairly steadily as well, and they haven’t experienced a mass shooting since.</p> <p>The <i>“australia banned guns and now they’re fine”</i> argument is really old and really poorly put together. Gun control is little more than a pink band-aid on the sucking chest wound that is America’s social and economic problems. It’s a ‘quick fix’ issue used by politicians to skirt around solving the roots of the violence problem in the United States, which are primarily poverty, lack of opportunities, and lack of education.</p> <p>You could ban guns tomorrow nationwide and gun violence and overall violent crime would not be reduced at all.</p> <p><i>[this segment brought to you by <a href="http://tmblr.co/m9F_132GzodNt-UaipnK67g">cerebralzero</a>]</i></p> <p>In 2005 the head of the New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, Don Weatherburn,<sup><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun_laws_in_Australia#cite_note-37">[37]</a></sup> noted that the level of legal gun ownership in NSW increased in recent years, and that the 1996 legislation had had little to no effect on violence</p> <p>In 2006, the lack of a measurable effect from the 1996 firearms legislation was reported in the British Journal of Criminology. Using ARIMA analysis, Dr Jeanine Baker and Dr Samara McPhedran found no evidence for an impact of the laws on homicide.<sup><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun_laws_in_Australia#cite_note-40">[40]</a></sup></p> <p>A study coauthored by Simon Chapman <b>found declines in firearm‐related deaths before the law reforms</b> accelerated after the reforms for total firearm deaths (p=0.04), firearm suicides (p=0.007) and firearm homicides (p=0.15), but not for the smallest category of unintentional firearm deaths, which increased.<sup><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun_laws_in_Australia#cite_note-43">[43]</a></sup></p> <p>Subsequently, a study by McPhedran and Baker compared the incidence of mass shootings in <b>Australia and New Zealand</b>. Data were standardised to a rate per 100,000 people, to control for differences in population size between the countries and mass shootings before and after 1996/1997 were compared between countries. <b>That study found that in the period 1980–1996, both countries experienced mass shootings. The rate did not differ significantly between countries. Since 1996-1997, neither country has experienced a mass shooting event despite the continued availability of semi-automatic longarms in New Zealand</b>. The authors conclude that “the hypothesis that Australia’s prohibition of certain types of firearms explains the absence of mass shootings in that country since 1996 does not appear to be supported… if civilian access to certain types of firearms explained the occurrence of mass shootings in Australia (and conversely, if prohibiting such firearms explains the absence of mass shootings), then New Zealand (a country that still allows the ownership of such firearms) would have continued to experience mass shooting events.”<sup><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun_laws_in_Australia#cite_note-44">[44]</a></sup></p> <figure data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="261" class="tmblr-full"><img data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="261" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/cdc45e76a09651676eab1f058341110c/tumblr_inline_nynm84pBjF1sh8jq3_500.gif"/></figure><p>We see the same trend in The UK.</p> <figure data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="373" class="tmblr-full"><img data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="373" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/bf599e784e9963b91a4e4f245fed90f5/tumblr_inline_nynm9wKrKT1sh8jq3_540.png"/></figure><figure data-orig-width="458" data-orig-height="366" class="tmblr-full"><img data-orig-width="458" data-orig-height="366" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/279f61b9c596b97badd4bc465cc46b60/tumblr_inline_nynm9zWkxr1sh8jq3_540.png"/></figure><p>And Ireland and Jamaica…</p> <figure data-orig-width="453" data-orig-height="714" class="tmblr-full"><img data-orig-width="453" data-orig-height="714" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/4914c912d5690b40a382b90cf18c646f/tumblr_inline_nynmakqIup1sh8jq3_540.jpg"/></figure><p>And on and on and on…  Gun control simply does not create a safer society and often times actually has the opposite effect.</p> <p>At this point I should also probably point out that Australia’s gun laws have not even reduced gun ownership in Australia.  <a href="http://louderwithcrowder.com/australian-gun-ownership-rises-gun-crime-remains-low-america-still-at-fault/">In fact, gun ownership in Australia is actually higher now than in 1996.</a></p> <p>All of these inconvenient facts aside, we haven’t even touched on the cost of implementing Australian style gun control in America.</p> <p>I keep hearing people say that the US should adopt Australia’s gun control policy and I don’t think they have really thought about the big picture of that plan.</p> <p>Australia had far less guns per person and people in their country did not live in a society that was brought up respecting The 2nd Amendment.  The culture of Australia is very different than that of the culture of America when it comes to gun ownership and self defense.</p> <p>Because of this, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun_buyback_program#Australia">the Australian government was able to buy back 631,000 guns at the estimated price of about <b>$500,000,000.</b></a>  You read that correctly, <b>500 MILLION</b>.</p> <p><a href="http://cerebralzero.tumblr.com/tagged/australia">And even after all of that, it still did nothing to prevent violent crime and criminals in Australia still have access to illegal guns, </a>despite being an island country that isn’t bordered by other countries with high violent crime rates and rampant with illegal drug cartels.<br/></p> <p>There are over 360,000,000 legally owned firearms in America.  If we go by Australia’s numbers (<b>$792.39 per gun</b>), these guns would cost our government <b>$285,261,489,698.89</b> to buy back.  Almost <b>300 BILLION dollars</b>, assuming that every gun owner voluntarily turns in their guns…  Which is a very slim to nothing chance.</p> <p>Who’s going to pay for that?  Anti-gunners?  I think not.</p> <p>So, in closing, you want America to put in place gun legislation that will cost the country hundreds of billions of dollars <b>AND </b>has already been proven time and time again to be completely ineffective at protecting innocent lives or creating a safer society?</p> <p>Seems pretty silly.</p> <h2>Get dunked on, nerd.</h2> <figure data-orig-width="250" data-orig-height="188"><img data-orig-width="250" data-orig-height="188" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/36a75ffd7a3ce392092201d3769d443e/tumblr_inline_nynmeusS661sh8jq3_500.gif"/></figure></blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="281" data-orig-width="500" data-tumblr-attribution="eonline:S4A57ljapSvQXLPM7Jsomg:ZCTZKx1sDpydf"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/5b521c18948099c6594a510905c6dfe9/tumblr_nt8sq3NZGm1qlgbzbo1_500.gif" data-orig-height="281" data-orig-width="500"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>Teehee, Mac ‘n’ cheese</p> </blockquote> <p>Would make it clear that a gv’t buyback has never been on the table. Also, cars are registered, which is reasonable. Gun shows have too many loopholes. America has a specific culture that is unique when it comes to guns. Not sure anything we do will make people feel truly safe, but reasonable measures are worth a try. Thorough background checks are reasonable. Taking away all guns? Not so much. Good thing is, very few advocate for that.</p> </blockquote> <h2><b>Would make it clear that a gv’t buyback has never been on the table.</b></h2> <p>Maybe not a mandatory federal one, no.  But government gun buybacks are most certainly a thing here in America.</p> <h2><b>Also, cars are registered, which is reasonable.</b></h2> <p>You know that guns are not cars, right?</p> <h2><b>Gun shows have too many loopholes.</b></h2> <p>What loopholes would those be?  Please enlighten us.</p> <h2><b>Not sure anything we do will make people feel truly safe, but reasonable measures are worth a try.<br/></b></h2> <p>The fact is, WE HAVE TRIED STRICT NATIONAL GUN CONTROL.</p> <p>Does the year 1994 or the name Clinton ring a bell to anyone?  Anyone?</p> <p>From 1994 - 2004, there were strict national gun control laws in place in America.  They included most of the laws that are being proposed now.   An “assault weapons” ban.  Magazine capacity limits.  All of that.</p> <p><a href="https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/204431.pdf">Guess what?</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/204431.pdf">IT WAS A COMPLETE FAILURE.</a></p> <h2><b>Thorough background checks are reasonable.</b></h2> <p>We already have mandatory federal NICS background checks, where the buyer’s criminal and mental healthy history are reviewed and have to be approved by the FBI, for every FFL purchase.</p> <h2><b>Taking away all guns? Not so much. Good thing is, very few advocate for that.</b></h2> <p>Except for people in politics, the media, and every social media platform I can think advocate for just that every single day.<br/></p> </blockquote> <p>Rekt</p> </blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="500" data-orig-width="500"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/06dc5d6fb9a872f66494555df3d8e68d/tumblr_inline_nyq063shKC1qmqn62_540.jpg" data-orig-height="500" data-orig-width="500"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-width="300" data-orig-height="152" data-tumblr-attribution="sweetnighttheorist:iC3ZUAaLREBo5eAyAtwOWw:Z_9d1l1pDjh9p" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/68abc0e9798bcb3c43bc230a5ab9e9e0/tumblr_nr9gyqXCqt1uqa8bho1_400.gif"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/68abc0e9798bcb3c43bc230a5ab9e9e0/tumblr_inline_nzkb0efWgQ1t5zudu_500.gif" data-orig-width="300" data-orig-height="152" data-orig-src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/68abc0e9798bcb3c43bc230a5ab9e9e0/tumblr_nr9gyqXCqt1uqa8bho1_400.gif"/></figure></p> </blockquote> <p>but like if you could save 33000 peoples lives a year, by giving up a hobby would you?</p> </blockquote> <p>A hobby?  Sure.  No problem.</p> <p>However, me owning a gun is not merely a hobby.  It is the most effective tool at protecting my life, the lives of my family, and the lives of innocent lives around me.  I’m sorry, but self defense and self preservation are not “hobbies”.</p> <p>Furthermore, it’s a bit of pipe dream anyway considering that we have decades of evidence from all over the world that proves that gun control and even gun bans do not effectively reduce murder or violent crime rates.  They do not create safer societies.  Sure, it might look good on paper and feel good to think about, but reality just doesn’t align with those dreams.<br/></p> </blockquote> <p>hey I’m glad for all the sources because this is changing my perspective but you gotta admit that at the very least requiring extensive background checks, mandatory waiting periods, and registering guns would help at least reduce gun violence a little bit and would help solve cases b/c registers guns</p> </blockquote> <p>No, I do not have to admit that at all because all of these measures are in place in states like California, New York, and Washington DC, yet they have not made these societies any safer from murder, violent crime, or even gun violence.</p> <p>So, no I do not have to nor will I be admitting that at all because it simply isn’t true.</p> </blockquote> <p>oh? is that so? so if buying an automatic weapon is as easy as picking up a prescription that’s <i>not</i> going to make it easier for anyone who’s upset to get a gun and then fire it on people??? o k</p> </blockquote> <p>Automatic weapons are extremely regulated for civilian ownership in America.  They cost tens of thousands of dollars on the low end all the way up to hundreds of thousands of dollars on the high end, they are registered with the federal government, the owner must apply for a special NFA license which requires a thorough background check that takes months or even years to get approved, paper work must be kept with the weapon at all time, the weapon cannot have been manufactured after 1986, they require a federal tax stamp to own which also can takes months to over a year to get processed, the owner must also designate a licensed gun dealer who will take possession of the weapon in the event of their death, and on and on and on…</p><p>If you truly believe that acquiring an automatic weapon in America is as easy as “picking up a prescription”, then you are simply ignorant to the subject of automatic weapons and just do not know what you are talking about.<br/></p><p><a href="https://www.atf.gov/qa-category/national-firearms-act-nfa">https://www.atf.gov/qa-category/national-firearms-act-nfa</a></p><p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Firearms_Act">https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Firearms_Act</a></p><p><a href="http://m.dailykos.com/story/2012/12/17/1171047/-There-are-240-000-fully-automatic-guns-in-the-US-and-only-2-deaths-in-80-years">http://m.dailykos.com/story/2012/12/17/1171047/-There-are-240-000-fully-automatic-guns-in-the-US-and-only-2-deaths-in-80-years</a><br/></p></blockquote> <p>Pretty sure I’ve shares this before but it’s never a bad time.</p>
Africa, America, and Blessed: <p>Black artist history day 25: American poet Phillis Wheatley.</p> <p>Phillis Wheatley was born in The mid-1700s in West Africa and kidnapped to be sold into slavery when she was about seven or eight. She was bought by the Wheatley family of Boston and, unlike many slaves, was actually taught by her masters to read and write, even providing her scholarship in Greek and Latin classics. She received unprecedented classical education for a girl of any race and certainly for an enslaved person. The Wheatley’s encouraged her to pursue poetry when they saw her talent, and she wrote her first poem at age 14.</p> <p>Her poetry often had religious themes and wrote on a few political topics, including writing King George III a letter praising him for repealing the stamp act. He was a fan of hers, along with George Washington, who invited her to meet with him at his Massachusetts headquarters. Her work was also noticed and re-published by Thomas Paine.</p> <p>Her work became popular in both England and the colonies. She became the first published African-American female poet and was eventually emancipated by the Wheatley family and married to a free black grocer. She had a complicated relationship with slavery, believing it to be overall cruel and in need of abolishment, but at the same time seeing it as a hidden blessing for her personally since she was blessed with kind masters and found Christianity through it. Her relationship with race and Faith is expressed in her poem “On being brought from Africa to America”</p> <p>“Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land,<br/> Taught my benighted soul to understand<br/> That there&rsquo;s a God, that there&rsquo;s a Saviour too:<br/> Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.<br/> Some view our sable race with scornful eye,<br/> &ldquo;Their colour is a diabolic dye.&rdquo;<br/> Remember, Christians, Negroes, black as Cain,<br/> May be refin&rsquo;d, and join th&rsquo; angelic train.”</p>

Black artist history day 25: American poet Phillis Wheatley. Phillis Wheatley was born in The mid-1700s in West Africa and kidnapped to be ...

Christmas, Drugs, and Jail: Cannabis Kringle: Elderly Couple Arrested With 60 Pounds Of Weed They Planned To Give Out As Christmas Gifts @balleralert SHERIFF 17015229, Cannabis Kringle: Elderly Couple Arrested With 60 Pounds Of Weed They Planned To Give Out As Christmas Gifts – blogged by @MsJennyb ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ On Tuesday, an elderly couple was on their way to Boston and Vermont when York County, Nebraska officials stopped them in their tracks for failing to signal. During the stop, officials smelled marijuana and asked to search the vehicle. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Upon the search, 80-year-old Patrick Jiron agreed and admitted to having the illegal substance in his car. As officials conducted the authorized search, deputies found 60 pounds of weed in the pickup topper, with multiple containers of concentrated THC, all worth more than $300,000. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ According to reports, the couple was traveling from northern California, attempting to deliver the marijuana for Christmas presents. But now, the couple faces felony possession charges, as they had no drug tax stamp, which is required in Nebraska to deal drugs. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ The two were arrested on Interstate 80 and cited on charges on possession of marijuana with the intent to deliver and of lacking a drug tax stamp. According to reports, while Jiron is being held in the York County jail, his 83-year-old wife has been cited but not locked up, “due to some medical issues.”

Cannabis Kringle: Elderly Couple Arrested With 60 Pounds Of Weed They Planned To Give Out As Christmas Gifts – blogged by @MsJennyb ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ...